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Whether at Christmas or in the hottest part of Summer, we need to be aware that Jesus is God the Son, eternally so!


 A Preacher in his Study


(These twelve Bible Study Lessons were written during November, 2005.)



Is Jesus the eternal Son of God?

Or was He born as Such in Bethlehem of Judea two thousand years ago?

To answer that question, we must begin with the Bible Doctrine of the Trinity.

God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are One!

Yet God expresses Himself in a triune (three-fold) Manner!

Three in Persons ... One in Essence ... is our God!

Much like the sun, 93,000,000 miles away, exists as a giant sphere of helium and a diffuser of life giving heat and a source of violent solar wind, Our God is triune yet One!

The radiation of the sun is no less real or no less "sun" that the helium that produces it ... or the warmth floods into the universe!

Which is water?

The liquid H20 in your glass at lunch or the steam coming from the boiling pot on the stove or the ice in the freezer?

All are water, pure water!

Yet each performs certain God given tasks!

The Father in Heaven is God!

The Son Jesus is God too!

And the Holy Spirit is no less God than the Father or the Son!

If you do not agree with this doctrinal assessment you are technically NOT a Christian!

Christianity attests a Triune God!

Now what if one could Biblically prove that God the Father is eternal?

Or God the Spirit is eternal?

Would that not also mandate that God the Son ("equal" with God says Philippians 2:6) be eternal too?

Yes, of course!

And ... God the Father is eternal!  So declares Psalm 90:2.  "Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God."


So is God the Holy Spirit eternal as well!  Read and notice the highlighted words: "How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"  Hebrews 9:14

He is eternal!

So ... then ... must be God the Son!

The Trinity is One in Essence!

We can surely believe what the Bible says about Christ Jesus in Colossians 1:17. "And He is before all things."

I rest my case!

Christ Jesus is The eternal Son of God!

                                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Perhaps it's a strange verse to use, but Hebrews 1:3 I believe teaches the eternal Sonship of Christ.

It says of Jesus ... "Who being the brightness of His (the Father's) glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high."

Here we are plainly told that Jesus is, among other things, the "express image" of God the Father!

The Greek noun used there is "karakter!"

Anglicize that and you have "character!"

Jesus reveals to us the very "character" of God!

Of course ... Jesus IS God!

Now in Paul's day the word "karakter" defined a little instrument or tool used to carve or engrave or stamp a certain mark on something!

It was the direct and perfect duplicate of its original!

This can perhaps best be described by likening the "karakter" to a rubber stamp one might purchase today down at the office supply store.

One formulates and designs exactly what he or she wants on that stamp ... and once it is built and inspected ... an EXACT IMAGE of the original can be transferred onto a sheet of paper or a box-top or whatever!

Jesus is That!

He is the EXACT IMAGE of our Almighty God, of our Father in Heaven!

Now, this can not simply be Jesus as the exact physical image of God the Father!


God the Father is Spirit!  Jesus said so in John 4:24.  "God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth."

God the Father is invisible says Paul!  Colossians 1:15 teaches us about Jesus ... "Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature."

Then ... if Jesus is NOT simply the Image of God corporally or physically, how is He the Image of His Father?

In Essence!

In Quality!

In Character!

In His attributes!

God is Holy ... Jesus personifies that Holiness!

Could I hear an "Amen" please?

God is Love ... so Jesus explicates that Love ... on an old rugged Cross!

Then, not having time to list all God's major attributes, I'll quickly go on to say ...

God is eternal!

From everlasting to everlasting!

"Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God."  Psalm 90:2

And since Jesus is the very karakter of God ... since He is the express image of God ... since He is the exact essence of God ...

Jesus is eternal also!

No, Jesus did not become the Son of God at Bethlehem of Judea some 2,000 years ago.

He is God's Son eternally!

No wonder we are told of Him:  "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever."  Hebrews 13:8

How could men have ever doubted this?

                                                                                  --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Maybe this verse does not conclusively prove the eternal Sonship of Christ, but I'd like to mention it anyway.

If it doesn't prove it, it nearly does!

Psalm 2 is a precious Psalm whose central focus is the darling Son of God!  Jesus IS the Key to interpreting this chapter of Scripture. 

The Psalm has been labeled "Messianic" for centuries.

For example, it mentions the Lord's "Anointed."  Read with me verse 2:  "The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed."

Then it calls Jesus "the King!"  In Verse 6 God roars:  "Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion."

Next Jesus is called "God's Son!"  Listen:  "I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee." (Psalm 2:7)  This is a "begetting" that far preceded Bethlehem of Judea and that young virgin's womb!  It is an eternal generation!

Lastly Jesus is "the Lord!"  See Verse 11.  "Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling."  Pretty clear!

Jesus is here the very Anointed One of God, the Messiah ... and the King ... and the Son ... and the Lord too!

Then comes that great last Verse, a classic:  "Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him."  Psalm 2:12

See it?

"Kiss the Son!"

Love Him!

Adore Him!

Worship Him!

The "kiss" verb here, "nashaq" in Hebrew, is derived from a "root" word that means "to catch on fire!"

Fervently and warmly ... love the Lord Jesus!

And when was this "kiss the Son" command given?

David, under Holy Spirit inspiration, wrote Psalm 2.  And David lived 1,000 years before the physical birth of Jesus as a baby!

Yes, our Lord was the SON of God, deserving of love and adoration, long before the shepherds heard those angels or the wise men journeyed to Bethlehem!

And if this conclusively proves that He is 3,000 years old ... which it does ... surely He must be eternal!

After all, Jesus the Messiah is God!

And if He is God ... He is eternal!

                                                                          --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




The "Word" of God is another of Jesus' great Names!  Some also designate it as a Title of our Lord.

He is the living Word of God!

Now the liberals and modernists and Bible haters tell us that this Greek term "logos" (or "Word) is something John "picked up" from heathen literature!  Fromthe cultic religions of his day!



We are here studying the inspired Word of God!

And it is "without error."

John 1:1, speaking of Jesus as God the Son says:  "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." 

Again, the technical noun "logos" or "Word" is a designation for God the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ.

For anyone who has been confused by some false religion or some liberal textbook ... let me try to prove to you that Jesus is The Word.

The Book of Revelation, describing the second coming of Jesus to earth, identifies Him as One ... "clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God."  Revelation 19:13

Jesus' Name is ... The "Word" of God!

Jesus is The Logos!

Then back to John 1:1, Jesus ... as the "Word" of God ... was "in the beginning!"

The Text does not say the Word was "from" the beginning!

That would have implied an origin, a beginning point for the Son of God!


God the Son was "in the beginning!"

At the beginning of all things ... the "Word" was right there in the very middle of it ... already existing eternally!

The notice ... "in the beginning WAS the Word!"

The verb here has the "imperfect" sense of time in the Greek language.  That explicitly means that the "Word" existed already in the beginning and has continued to exist ever since!

God the Son is eternal!

Next  God the Son was "with" God!

The preposition "pros" used here can literally mean "face-to-face!"

God the Father and God the Son are favorably disposed "One to Another!"

But ... not only is God the Son "in the beginning."

And not only is He as The "Word" face-to-face "with" the Father!

He also is ... God!

Listen to John 1:1 again:  "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." 

This again proves to me both the deity of Jesus Christ the Son of God and the eternal nature of His Being!

Glory to God!

"The Word WAS God!"

The verb here is again an imperfect "tense."

As far back as John can go in thought or imagination ... Jesus existed as the Word of God, the Son of God!  And our Lord has continued to exist in that Capacity ever since!

What amazing theology a verb's simple "sense of time" can deliver!

Proof:  God the Son is eternal.

                                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




If there's any one verse of Scripture that dogmatically helps to prove the Doctrine of the eternal Sonship of Christ, it's John 17:5, spoken during the Lord's longest recorded prayer of all!

There Jesus said:  "And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was."

What a request!

"Father," prays Jesus, please display upon Me Thy Son that Glory which I enjoyed "before the world was!"

Now if God the Son possessed the very Glory, the very Essence, the very Character, the very Nature of God the Father ... before the world was ever created, one may safety deduct that He possesses eternal Glory!

And everlasting Glory, that is ... the perpetual Glory of God the Father, being inherent in God the Son also ... proves His eternality!

If Jesus was enveloped in God's Glory prior to the creation of earth ... He is consequently the eternal Son of God!

If He had God's Glory eternally ... and that Glory is in reality the sum of God's Essence ... then Jesus forever has the Love and Righteousness and Justice and Omniscience and Omni-presence and Omnipotence and Immutability and Veracity of God also!

Jesus, then ... of necessity ... is the Son of God for all eternity!

Be sure of this.  His prayer has now been answered!

"And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was."


                                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




The verse for today is found in Psalm 45.  It is a "Messianic" Psalm, meaning that it prophesies certain truths about the coming Lord Jesus Christ.

In it the Father and the Son are actually talking to One Another!

It is written about the King!  "My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer."  Psalm 45: 1

Now truthfully no earthly human King can fulfill all these conditions!  Christ the King is in view.

Listen to verse 2 where the Father says to the Son:  "Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever." 

I say, "Amen."

And in what appears to be an exhortation spoken to our Lord just before His return to earth, the Father says:  "Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty. And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee."  Psalm 45:3-5

Then comes verse 6!

"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre."  Psalm 45:6

The Throne of God the Son is declared (by God the Father) to be "for ever!"

Never ending!

And just in case you doubt these words are spoken directly to Jesus, read how the Holy Spirit interprets them in Hebrews 1:8.  "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom."

Here's proof!

But, there's more!

Read with me Psalm 45:7.  The Father says to Jesus:  "Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows."

Then again go with me to Hebrews 1.  "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows."   Hebrews 1:8-9

Christ Jesus ... undoubtedly ... Thy Throne is for ever and ever!  Thou shalt reign in righteousness!

How can anyone doubt the Eternal Sonship of Jesus the Christ?

Then ... Psalm 45 continues with a view of a Wedding!  It even describes the Bride for a while!

Well, what's that got to do with Jesus?

He is the Bridegroom!

There is going to be a Wedding!

Even a Marriage Supper too!

And the Bride?

Well, she is the New Testament Church! 

Born-again Blood-washed Believers in Christ Jesus the Lord, the eternal Son!


                                                                       --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Colossians is perhaps in some ways Paul's most Christ-centered Epistle.

It is a lovely body of literature.

In Colossians 1:17, speaking of our Lord, Paul writes:  "And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist."

Did you see that?

By Jesus "all things consist."

That verb, "sunistao," means "to stand" ... "together!"

Jesus is the Glue that holds all creation in place!

He is the Reason the planets circle the sun!

He is the Reason electrons rotate around their nucleus.

He is the Reason one's blood circulates around and through his or her heart!

He is the Sustainer of life!

"By Him ... all things consist!"

But this little verse had more power yet!

Jesus is also "before all things!"

The preposition here, "pro" in Greek, means "in the front of" or "prior to" something!

Is this not saying that the Son of God is eternal?

He is antecedent to all things!

Before anything was ... He is!

Now if "all things" means "all things," then Jesus exists for ever ... and is NOT a product of creation!

He is God!

He is eternal God!

He is forever!

                                                                              --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




The little Book of Micah contains a verse about the Eternal Sonship of Christ Jesus our Lord.

"But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall He come forth unto me that is to be Ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting."   Micah 5:2

Literally 500 years before Jesus was born, humanity was told the very city from which our Lord would come!


"Bethlehem" means house of bread!

And "Ephratah" is thought to mean "fruitful!"

Both terms beautifully describe Jesus, God's Son.

He IS the Bread of Life!  He said:  "I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world."  John 6:51

And He is fruitful!  "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand."  (Isaiah 53:10)  What seed or fruit He has borne because of Calvary!

Bethlehem is so little among the villages and cities of Israel that she often went unnoticed.

But, because of Him, all that will change!

"O little town of Bethlehem," we now sing! 

Then, see this.

Micah did not write that in Bethlehem Jesus would simply be "born!"


Out of that little hamlet will HE "come forth!"

Infants are not generally said to "come forth!"

They are born ... or delivered!

The verb here is suggestive of existence prior to birth!

And the expression "to be ruler, "mashal" in Hebrew, means "one who governs" or "one who reigns" or "one with dominion!"

And even "goings forth"  is startling as a grammatical entity!   It's "motzsah" in Hebrew and is only found twice in Scripture.  Here it just means "the place or places where one goes"  But in its other location, 2nd Kings 10:27, it has quite a different connotation.  "And they brake down the image of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, and made it a draught house unto this day."  A "draught house" is an outside bathroom!  An "out-house" the old timers used to say.

The implication here may be that when Jesus left heaven and come to earth, to this sin cursed world, it was like He had left a spotless and pure Heaven to come to a filthy vile "out-house" of a planet ... to die for sin!

Think of the "stench" of sin in the nostrils of the Lord God Almighty!

Talk about the Love of God!

And the word "old" is "qedem" and suggests "east" or "eastern" in direction!  That area from which the sun rises!  It was one of the Hebrew ways to express that which was ancient or everlasting!  That which is before!  Once in the King James Bible "qedem" is translated "eternal!"  Here's that one time:  "The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them."  Deuteronomy 33:27


Then ... Micah 5:2 hits the target!  It absolutely declares the eternal Sonship of Jesus the Son of God!

"... Whose goings forth have been ... from everlasting!"

Here's the whole verse again.  Just to be sure I have not missed something.  "But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting."  Micah 5:2

From "everlasting" expresses the sense of the Hebrew noun "yom" (pronounced "yome") which means "day" or "continually" or "always!"

Jesus the Christ is Son of God ... always ... continually ... eternally!

That's proof enough for me!

                                                                              --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Isaiah 9:6, no doubt speaking of Jesus, prophesies:  "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."

What a precious verse this is!

We focus only one two of its great clauses.

Why did the Holy Spirit here designate Jesus as both "Child" and Son?"

Perhaps it is to emphasize His twofold Being, both God and Man!  Both "Son" and "Child" of Mary!

If so ... the wording here would be crucial.

"A child is born!"

"Yeled," the noun for "child" is masculine in gender.  Several times in the King James Bible it is even translated "boy."  For an example, see Joel 3:3.

And this baby boy is "born."  The "time" sense of this verb is "perfect."  The action is complete!  Jesus will never be "born" of a Virgin into an old sin-cursed world again! 

His first coming was a success!

He accomplished what God sent Him to do!

"It is finished" He said from Calvary!

BUT when it comes to the noun "son" in Isaiah 9:6, he is "given," not born!


God the Son is eternal.

He could NOT be born!

He had to be "given!"

Also here we have a "perfect" verb ... never again will God "give" His eternal Son to die for lost mankind!

Once was sufficient!

Do you see the difference?

A child ... was born!

The Son ... was given!

He, Christ the Second Person of The Trinity ... The Very Son of God,  is eternal!

                                                                                     --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




While today's verse may not offer positive proof of the Eternal Sonship of Christ Jesus, it well may help document this great doctrine of Scripture.

In John 3:13 Jesus says to Nicodemus:  "And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven."

That's right!

No man ever has ascended to Heaven ... except Jesus!

What about Enoch?

Or Elijah?

And what about the coming Rapture of the Church?

Well, let's get specific:

Enoch was "taken!"  He did not properly "ascend!"

"And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him."  Genesis 5:24

And Elijah "went up," but again ... that's technically not an ascension!  He had a vehicle that lifted him away from earth to Glory!

"And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven."  2nd Kings 2:11

And at the Rapture, we will not "ascend" as did Jesus, but will be "caught up" (a quick seizure, a snatching away) into the air to meet Jesus!

"For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:  Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."  1st Thessalonians 4:16-17

Only Jesus had the honor of a glorious ascension to His Father's Throne!

Only He deserved such!

BUT ... it's what Jesus next taught Nicodemus that is germane to our discussion on Eternal Sonship.

Our Lord identifies Himself as "the Son of Man Which is in heaven!"

Here he sits on earth, in Jerusalem, talking to a Pharisee ... and is at the same time claiming that He is "in heaven!"

How can that be?

Unless ... Jesus as God can be in two places at the same time!

What if I told you He could be in all places at the same time!

If He is God ... He is omnipresent!

He just announced Himself to be on earth ... and in heaven!

Hence, my conclusion:

Jesus, as the very Essence of God, as God Himself, as God the Son ... shares in all the attributes of the Father ... including omnipresence and omnipotence and yes, eternality!

Therefore, of necessity, He IS the Eternal Son of God!


                                                                            --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




When the Angel Gabriel announced to Mary the Virgin that she would be the Mother of Jesus, he worded part of his news in a strange way!

"And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshdow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. For with God nothing shall be impossible. And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her."  (Luke 1)

The angel here has called the Lord by several names and titles.  He is Jesus.  He is great.  He is a boy, a son.  These terms emphasize His humanity.

BUT also He is "the Son of the Highest."  He is the very "Son of God!"  He is the King, sent to occupy "the throne of his father David."  Of His Kingdom there shall be "no end."  These focus on His Deity!  He is God the Son!

Yet there is one more Synonym used for Jesus here.  It is so unique it bears comment.  He is called "THAT HOLY THING!"

In Greek this name is simply spelled "hagios!"  Actually as a masculine nominative singular noun, it's precisely "hagion."

It's called a substantive.

It is an adjective acting like a noun.

It declares that Jesus God's Son is HOLINESS itself!

He is Holiness come to earth!

He is Holiness personified!

Now, let me ask you a question.  Who is most Holy?  Who is all Holy?

Only One is, the Lord God Almighty!

Who is "thrice" Holy as the old Puritans used to say?

Angels right now are beside the Throne of God ... "crying unto another, and saying, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory."


If Jesus is 100% perfect Holiness ... and God is 100% perfect Holiness .... then Jesus is God!

He did say:  "I and my Father are one."  John 10:30

Therefore, Jesus being purely God ... He shares all the attributes of His Father.

Including the fact of being eternal!

Moses prayed to God in Psalm 90, saying "Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God."

I am about to rest my "case."

Jesus IS the eternal Son of God.

He is eternally God the Son!

He is God!

                                                                                --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




The last verse we will survey this month is found in the opening paragraph of Hebrews.  There Paul says of Jesus:  "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds."  Hebrews 1:1-2

Notice with me the words "by Whom (Jesus) He (God) made the worlds!"

Jesus is The Creator!

We know that from several Passages.

"He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not." John 1:10

"All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."  John 1:3

"For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:  and he is before all things, and by him all things consist."  Colossians 1:16-17

What proof!

Here's my point today ... concerning the Eternal Sonship of Christ ... if God created all things by Jesus, then Jesus as God's Son could not possibly have been generated at Bethlehem of Judea 2,000 years ago!

The Deity of Jesus ... as God's Son, as the Second Person of The Trinity ... is eternal!

He was even here ... and doing the "work" ... during creation week!

To believe otherwise is to disbelieve Hebrews 1:2!

"God ... hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds."


Jesus, eternally the Son of God!

                                                                         --- Dr. Mike Bagwell






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