LESSON 1, "NEVERTHELESS
I TELL YOU THE TRUTH:"
Today we begin a new series of Bible studies.
Our Text will be John 16:7-11. The Passage can be summarized in
three parts: Jesus, the Holy Spirit, and the world. The last
member of that trio is surprising, the world!
"Nevertheless I tell
you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I
go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I
depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will
reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
of sin, because they believe not on me; of righteousness,
because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; of judgment,
because the prince of this world is judged." John 16:7-11
Jesus, obviously, spoke every one of these
enlightening words. He is the "I" and the "Me" and the "My" of
The Holy Spirit is here called the
"Comforter." This word will require some in-depth study. It's
one of the most encouraging terms in the Bible.
And the world is named, well, the "world!"
Once this crowd is addressed as "they," a third person
designation. Lost people are meant.
Therefore, we can expect to be Biblically
taught the Holy Spirit's Mission to lost mankind! Or a major
part of it anyway.
We also shall be given a hint as to the
relationship between Jesus and the Holy Spirit, operationally at
Truthfully, God is One. Yet He in His Unity
exhibits Himself as Triune in Essence, Father and Son and
Spirit. But in God's various works, like creation and redemption
and sanctification, each Member of the Godhead (Paul's majestic
term) has specific duties. Duties perfectly performed in every
So, get ready.
We are indeed about to enter a "doctrinal"
portion of Scripture. It's primary goal is, I believe, to teach
us certain central facts about our dear Saviour, the Holy
Spirit, and even our earthly surroundings. The world that
"lieth in wickedness" according to
1st John 5:19.
Often our Lord does this when He is about to
teach a subject of great importance. He reemphasizes the theme
of veracity. This word has a Latin background, where "veracitas"
Jesus never lied! Not once! In fact,
according to Titus 1:2, "God cannot lie."
Hebrews 6:18 adds: "It is
impossible for God to lie." Everything our Lord ever
spoke was right, and still is!
But sometimes, simply to accent its vast
importance, Jesus ascertains the accuracy of a statement.
He does so here, introducing John 16:7-11.
His very words are: "Nevertheless I tell
you the truth."
The opening conjunction, "nevertheless" in
English and "alla" in Greek, is introducing a contrasting
thought. The Disciples are sorrowful that Jesus is going away,
back to Heaven ... after His death and burial and resurrection!
So, our Lord is about to teach them why His
departure will be a good thing! That's why he begins His Sermon
You men are sad ... BUT ... My going
will make possible the Holy Spirit's coming! And that is
for your benefit!
Here's another antithetical thought. The
world, in the chapter's earlier verses, is persecuting the
Disciples. Therefore the world needs the Holy Spirit to come and
"change" it! Put it under "conviction!" To put it bluntly,
"save" it! His "New Testament" Presence, the Spirit's, will
change everything, at least for some in this dark world of sin.
Next in our Passage comes the first clause.
"I tell you the truth" is spoken to
reinforce the whole Context here, all five Verses. Again, that's
John 16:7-11. Compare this promise to Jesus' words in John 14:2,
"If it were not so, I would
have told you." Luke 4:25 and 9:24 also are both similar,
"But I tell you of a truth ...."
This is an important Text we are about to
study. One that received special Divine authentication. In a
Book that is already seven-fold perfect!
"The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver
tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times." Psalm
The verb "tell" is "lego," meaning "to say,
to speak, to declare, to assert," all words of communication.
Behind this term is the implication that Jesus "chose" His Own
words, He being God! But still, in conjunction with God the
Father. "The words that I speak unto you
I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me."
Part of John 14:10, word for word!
And, as we have learned before, the noun
"truth" is "aletheia," a blend of two other words. The prefix,
"a," means "no," being a negative particle. And the stem is
related to the verb "lanthano," that is, "to be hidden, to be
unaware." Here's the New Testament idea of "truth:" it's
something that, once learned, cannot be forgotten! Cannot be any
longer hidden! Once you "see" it, you've "got" it!
"And ye shall know the truth, and the
truth shall make you free." John 8:32
I can hardly wait!
Wading into this Text should be both
informative and encouraging!
I'll tell you why as the days progress, the
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 2, VERSE 7:
The opening sentence in today's Text is overwhelming!
Jesus, in John 16:7, plainly says,
"It is expedient for you that I go away."
Our Lord has in view His soon-coming Death, Burial, Resurrection
and Ascension back to Heaven! He is "going away."
Literally, "aperchomai" means "to go back, to depart, to come
But the surprising word is "expedient"
really. "Sumphero" means "to carry" something "together" with
someone else! Think of this word picture: "helping someone
travel on down the road by toting their heavy load for them, or
at least with them." In the New Testament "sumphero" is
occasionally translated as "profitable, better," or even "good."
Now put this statement together, Jesus having
said it! "Disciples, the eleven of you who remain, it's really
best for you that I (Jesus) go back to Heaven now! My doing this
will 'help' you far more than you realize!" Truthfully, the
crucified and then resurrected and now ascended Jesus can do far
more for us and to us and with us from His
Father's Right Hand, much more than He ever could have while on
Hard as it is to believe, we today are much
better off than the saints who lived at the very time of Jesus,
back in 30 AD or so! Eye-witnesses they were. But we have an
Intercessor, an Advocate, a great High Priest, an all-seeing
Saviour Who is constantly caring for His Children!
Glory to God!
We live in these days of "expediency," our
Lord, according to Hebrews 7:25, "ever
living to make intercession" for us!
But there's even another reason why it was
best for Jesus to go back to Heaven. He did so forty days after
His Resurrection too.
Again consulting today's Verse.
"It is expedient for you that I go away:
for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but
if I depart, I will send him unto you." John 16:7
The "Comforter" is the precious Holy Spirit
of God! For some reason, only fully known to God, the Holy
Spirit could not be sent to earth in His present capacity ...
until Jesus had been killed, buried, raised, and ascended back
to Heaven. Here's how John explained it:
"For the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was
not yet glorified." John 7:39
We are boldly being told that for now the
Holy Spirit's ministry to us all who are saved is
superior even to what Jesus could have done by Himself if still
on earth, treading the Galilean hillsides.
Jesus could only be one place at a time,
inhabiting a body as He does! The Holy Spirit can be everywhere
at once, omnipresent!
Jesus, limited corporally, could have helped
one saint at a time, or no more than those who were in His
immediate vicinity! Yet the Holy Spirit, Jesus through Him
anyway, can help us all at once! That's omniscience and
The Spirit of God is simply more versatile to
the Church than Jesus, even in His glorified Body, would have
been! I say that reluctantly, but it's exactly what the Verse is
teaching! What Jesus taught!
The key word is "expedient!" To our benefit!
To help bear the load! To accompany us! To strengthen us! To
commune with us!
Now, back to that great Biblical word
"Comforter." He is "paracletos," the One Who is "called" (in
Greek, "kaleo") to be "beside" (Greek, "para") us, helping us
every step of the way Home, our Heavenly-Home! This is
"expedience," remember "sumphero," that is, "bearing someone's
In Greek culture a "paraclete" was one who
encouraged and supported and strengthened others, especially
those facing hard challenges. It was very often used of a
military officer who met with his troops the night before
battle, exhorting them to prevail, urging them to victory! He
would remind them also of his planned presence in the heat of
the war, leading the charge!
Then, closing the Verse, Jesus uses the verb
"depart," in Greek "poreuomai," meaning "to pursue a journey,"
better, "to walk, to go, to traverse from one point to another."
Our Lord was soon, within a few weeks, to "depart" for Heaven!
Paul's trip to Heaven was called a
"departure" also. "The time of my
departure is at hand." But 2nd Timothy 4:6 uses a
different word for "departure," spelled "analusis" and meaning
"the unloosing of a ship on one shore, merely to travel
across to another more distant shore!" It was a nautical term!
All death meant to Paul was a swift sail across the river!
As the Verse today ends, Jesus promises that
when He returns to Glory, He will "send" the Holy Spirit to
earth! That verb, "pempo," does mean "to send," but
energetically so. Literally, "to thrust, to insert, to place one
thing into another." See this? The Holy Spirit is going to come
and live, actually inhabit, the saints of God! He has been
"inserted" into our lives!
Now, faring so much better than any Christian
of any past age, we post-Calvary children of God have two
Advocates! Two Paracletes! Two Encouragers! The Lord Jesus in
Heaven ... and the Holy Spirit on earth!
"We have an Advocate
with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and He is the
propitiation for our sins." 1st John 2:1-2. where
"advocate" is "paracletos."
Then ... "But when the
Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the
Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from
the Father, He shall testify of me." John 15:26, where
"comforter" is also "paracletos."
I must close now.
The total verse we have enjoyed for the past
two days: "Nevertheless I tell you the
truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not
away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I
will send him unto you." John 16:7
Thank you, Lord!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 3, VERSE 8:
The Verse reads, speaking of the Holy Spirit,
"And when he is come, he will reprove the
world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment."
Notice the Holy Spirit here is referred to as
"He," in the masculine gender. The grammatical antecedent of
"He" is the noun "Comforter" in the previous Verse. Where Jesus
said: "If I go not away, the Comforter
will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto
you. And when he is come, he will reprove the
world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment."
The Comforter is Jesus' loving Name
for the Spirit of God, spelled "paracletos" in Greek.
Jesus physically came to earth the day a
Virgin named Mary gave birth, in Bethlehem of Judea over two
thousand years ago.
The Holy Spirit came to earth, in His New
Testament sense of Ministry, on the Day of Pentecost, about
thirty-three years after Jesus' Birth.
"When He is come" is a reference to that
Event. "Kai erchomai" in Greek, more specifically, "kai elthon,"
being an aorist participle, describing now completed action.
There's NOT going to be another literal Day of Pentecost. Not
Once the Holy Spirit arrives, He will reprove
the "world" of certain things, three to be exact. Yes, our Verse
today teaches us about the Spirit's work toward the "world!"
Lost men and women! The vast throngs of the unsaved! The "world"
or "kosmos" as an organized system of evil, resting in the hands
of the evil one, the devil. "Kosmos" even means "that which is
arranged or ordered systematically."
John 16:8 is not describing the Holy Spirit's
Ministry to the saved. This is not His indwelling and infilling
and sanctifying and edifying work! Not at all! This is His work
outside the realm of the born-again!
Of course this, Verse 8, is exactly where the
Spirit began with us, when we were lost. He
"reproved us of our sin" for sure!
He then revealed to us God's perfect Standard of
"righteousness" too, Jesus Christ
the Lord! And He showed us the awful reality of Hell, God's
literal place of "judgment" as
well. By then, we were gladly ready to yield to Christ! That's
when He saved us!
Truthfully speaking, when we were lost we
were part of that world!
"And when he is come,
he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of
judgment." John 16:8
The verb "reprove" is critical to our study
today. "Elegcho" means "to confute by proof, to refute, to
convict!" This is old-fashioned Holy Ghost conviction! That
miserable condition we all experienced when we were first shown
our "lostness" without Christ! Our awareness that we were on our
way to Hell, and deservedly so! Our learning that Jesus was our
only Hope for salvation! That we were living second by second
under the wrath of God Almighty! Already doomed we were, sinners
to the core!
We had been "reproved!"
Legally speaking; we were charged, arrested,
arraigned, already tried and convicted, convicted to die!
Eternally so, in the flames of damnation for evermore!
The Holy Spirit remains in the world today,
lost-people oriented, to "reprove them of
sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment." John 16:8
But why did Jesus choose these three areas?
Of sin and righteousness and
He will more fully answer that question
tomorrow through Wednesday, Lord willing, in Verses 9-11. But
let's at least sketch the outline here today.
He must convict the lost of
"sin" because they often do not
fully realize that they are, indeed, dead in trespasses and
Until a man gets lost, he cannot be found!
Until she realizes she's dead spiritually, she simply cannot be
The Spirit must reprove of
"righteousness" because human
beings are prone to define that term with their own good deeds!
Our best efforts please us immensely! Yet Isaiah says:
"But we are all as an unclean thing,
and all our
righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as
a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away."
By the way, God's perfect Standard of
righteousness is Jesus! He is the "Lord" our
"Righteousness!" Jeremiah 23:6
And the Spirit will convince men of
"judgment" too, because all will be
held accountable, responsible for their sin! No one will be
exempt, not even the devil! In modern minds, sin no longer has
any consequences. This Verse; "The wages
of sin is death," is now considered obsolete by
multitudes! But there is coming a "great white throne" day of
reckoning! "And I saw a great white
throne, and Him that sat on it, from Whose face the earth and
the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And
I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books
were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book
of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which
were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea
gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered
up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man
according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the
lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not
found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of
fire." If you are lost and have just read these words,
Revelation 20:11-15, you ought to be scared nearly out of your
Holy Spirit, do thy work yet again today! So
And He answers: "I shall!"
"And when He is come, He will reprove the world of sin, and of
righteousness, and of judgment."
As always, Jesus was right!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 4, VERSE 9:
Our Verse today completes a thought from a previous verse. Such
literary constructions demand that we study the Bible "in
context." That is, in its proper setting.
Here's what I mean.
John 16, verse 8: "And
when he (the Holy Spirit, the Comforter) is come, He will
reprove the world of sin ...."
Then John 16, verse 9:
"Of sin, because they believe not on me."
Verse 9 further explains verse 8, helping
Scripture interpret Scripture.
But, why does the Holy Spirit
"reprove" or "convict" or "convince" or "bring to the place of
repentance, demanding immediate change" (all meanings of
"reprove," used in verse 8) the world?
At this point in His Sermon Jesus explains
why a lost person must address the "sin" issue before he or she
can be saved.
One simply must recognize his "lostness"
before he or she can be born-again! Probably before he or she
even will have a desire to be born-again!
"As it is written,
There is none righteous, no, not one." Romans 3:10
"For all have sinned,
and come short of the glory of God." Romans 3:23
"Wherefore, as by one
man (Adam) sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so
death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned."
"For the wages of sin
is death; but the gift of God is eternal life
through Jesus Christ our Lord." Romans 6:23
Without an awareness of sin ... one senses no
need of a Saviour!
So, the Holy Spirit specializes in convicting
the lost world of its sin!
But now an example of such sin is needed!
What shall it be?
Jesus goes to the very "top" of the sin list!
Or should I say He goes to its very "bottom?"
Here's the greatest sin a person, anybody,
has ever committed.
""Because they believe
not on me." That's it! Jesus said,
"They believe not on me!"
Because of Jesus' Death on the Cross, such
faith is essential to salvation! "For
God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that
whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have
To believe not on God's "only begotten Son"
is to call God Almighty a liar!
Read here. "He that
believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed
in the name of the only begotten Son of God." Jesus
talking in John 3:18.
To believe not is to be already condemned to
"He that believeth not
the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on
him." John 3:36, still Jesus preaching. Wow, God's very
wrath presently "abides" or "dwells" or "rests"
on non-believers! One heart-beat from Hell!
Yes, precisely, that's the sin that will doom
a person to eternal Fire, rejecting Jesus Christ!
All other sins are merely by-products of that
"And when He (the Holy Spirit, the Comforter) is come, He will
reprove the world of sin .... of
sin, because they believe not on Me."
Not to believe on Jesus is to slap Him in the
Not to love Him is to mock God's plan of
Again, but this time in the exact words of
Scripture: "He that believeth not God hath
made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God
gave of his Son." 1st John 5:10
Here's the heart of the issue.
To believe Jesus as Saviour is to relinquish
control of one's own life! To admit need! To enthrone God the
Son, instead of one's selfish ego!
Man, apart from Holy Ghost conviction is just
not willing to do such a Thing!
It's a power struggle!
Believe on Jesus?
Or believe in oneself?
Needless to say, among lost mankind,
Jesus is inconsequential.
And not until a sinner sees the grave error,
the deadly consequence of his rejection and rebellion against
Jesus, God the Son ... will he or she ever be saved by the Grace
Somewhere on your way to salvation ... you
did, essentially so, acknowledge your sin, the sin of "not
believing on Jesus."
At that moment, rest assured, the Holy Spirit
had you under conviction!
Praise the Lord!
Only sinners, dead in their trespasses and
iniquities, can truly be born from above, born-again!
Thank you, Holy Spirit!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 5, VERSE 10:
When a sinner gets saved, three areas of life must be
understood, clearly understood.
The Holy Spirit always covers these
points when bringing a lost person "home" to Jesus!
Here they are. "And
when He is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of
righteousness, and of judgment." John 16:8,
where the great "He" Who is come is the Holy Ghost of God, the
"Comforter," as Jesus loved to call Him.
But why must an unregenerate man or woman
cross this "righteousness" bridge, on his way to Heaven?
The "sin" issue is easy to understand!
Without the awareness of sin, a person will never seek a
Saviour! In fact, the greatest sin of all involves the
rejection of that Saviour!
But, again, why?
Why the "Righteousness" Factor?
Because of Who He is, Jesus!
He is a sinless Saviour!
He is God the Son as Saviour!
He is holy, harmless, undefiled, perfect!
In a word, RIGHTEOUS!
In God's eyes, in every way, always, Jesus is
"This is my beloved
Son, in whom I am well pleased," said the Father of Him
again and again! See Matthew 3:17 and 17:5 and Mark 1:11 and
Luke 3:22 and 2nd Peter 1:17.
Had Jesus been some "fake" dying for his own
wrongdoings, salvation too would be a sham.
But Jesus is Virgin Born, Heaven Sent, the
antidote to Adam and his failure, Genuine and Real in every way!
Even His enemies had to confess so!
Pilate: "Then said
Pilate to the chief priests and to the people,
I find no fault in this
man." Luke 23:4
Caiaphas: "And one of
them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same
year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, nor consider that
it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people,
and that the whole nation perish not. And this spake he not of
himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied
that Jesus should die
for that nation; and not for that nation only, but that also he
should gather together in one the children of God that were
scattered abroad." John 11:49-52, wow!
The Soldier who was in charge of the
execution squad: "And when the centurion,
which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave
up the ghost, he said,
Truly this man was the Son of God." Mark 15:39
The very thief dying by His side:
"We (the two malefactors) receive the due
reward of our deeds: but
this Man hath done nothing amiss." Luke 23:41,
What more testimony is needed?
Jesus is Righteous!
He is the fulfillment of Jeremiah 23:6.
"In his days Judah shall be saved, and
Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby
he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." Jesus is
Jesus is so pristinely Righteous that God the
Father "approved" of His Life and Ministry and Death and
Sacrifice by doing one astounding thing! By raising Him for the
Paul says so in Romans 1:4. Clearly talking
about Jesus, the Apostle writes: "And
declared to be the Son of God with power, according to
the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead."
Who "declared" Him so? God the Father did!
And if Jesus is this Holy, Righteousness
personified, how can I, an old ex-sinner be saved? How can I
gain access to Heaven, God's eternal Home?
The "sin" issue alone does not save me,
getting that mess cleaned up! Oh, yes. Our sin must be washed
away, by the Blood of Jesus!
But more is necessary!
Negatively the "sin" is gone, when one is
But, positively, and just as importantly,
"righteousness" must be gained, applied, imputed to the sinner's
And since our own righteousness is clearly
inadequate, Whose will suffice? "We are
all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses
are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf."
Jesus' Righteousness will suffice!
God will cover us in Jesus' Goodness, in His
Blood, in His Holiness, in His Righteousness!
Here it is in one Verse:
"For He (God the Father) hath made Him
(God the Son) to be sin for us, Who (God the Son) knew
no sin; that we might be
made the righteousness of God in Him (God the Son)."
2nd Corinthians 5:21
Or as Romans 5:19 explains:
"For as by one man's disobedience (Adam)
many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one (Jesus) shall
many be made righteous."
Jesus, the Righteous One!
That word "righteousness" is "dikaiosune" and
means "straight or correct" in the eyes of God! It's probably
derived from "deiknuo," meaning "to show, to display, to
Jesus is God's perfect Trophy of
Righteousness, for all creation to see, for all eternity!
That's why Heaven is a place of praise! There
now, this chorus rings loudly, "Holy,
holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to
come." Revelation 4:8 is directed to Jesus, the
Righteous! Another Verse: "Worthy is the
Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom,
and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing."
And here, our Verse for today, is the very
epitome, the very heart, of Righteousness, demonstrated
Righteousness! "Of righteousness, because
I go to my Father, and ye see me no more." John 16:10
Better yet, "And when
he, the Holy Spirit, is come, he will reprove the world of sin,
and of righteousness, and of judgment ...
because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more."
The "height" of Righteousness, its very
Proof, is this: Jesus was raised from the Dead! Jesus was taken
to Heaven, ascended, literally and physically! Jesus sits now at
the Right Hand of God the Father! Jesus has remained there, and
shall, until He returns to catch us into His Presence!
Righteousness on Display: ""Of
righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no
Glory to God!
Praise to Jesus!
And gratefulness to the Holy Spirit!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 6, VERSE 11:
The word is nearly archaic!
Especially the judgment of God!
In America today I suspect a challenged
football play, that "instant replay" thing, with a referee
looking at a hooded television screen, might better represent
"judgment" than a Great White Throne with Almighty God issuing
Judgment, the entire concept, is about gone!
But not in the Lord's Eyes!
In fact, one of the Holy Spirit's main
occupations, especially concerning lost mankind, is to emphasize
that neglected word!
Our Verse for today, with its antecedent
verb, teaches us: "And when He (the Holy
Spirit) is come, He will reprove the world ... of judgment,
because the prince of this world is judged." John 16:11
That's after He has "reproved" or "convicted"
or "convinced" them of sin and of righteousness.
Apparently a person cannot be saved, not
really saved, without strongly sensing and acting upon the
issues of his or her "sin" and "righteousness" and, then
To be saved, you must realize you are a
You must realize your bankrupt position in
reference to righteousness.
And you must face the fact of Hell or the
Lake of Fire, God's ultimate judgment.
These are not really things a lost man or
woman must do, but rather are things the Holy Spirit does
to the now-under-conviction and soon-to-be-saved individual.
Today, based on verse eleven, it's time to
talk about "judgment."
The word is "krisis," a Greek noun meaning a
"decision." When set in a legal or forensic context, the word
can get serious in a hurry.
Truth be told, most of today's post-modern
society probably does not believe the Bible's stories of
Adam and Eve expelled from the Garden of
The world-wide Flood in Noah's day.
The Tower of Babel.
The death of Pharaoh, that Red Sea incident.
And we're just getting started, Biblically
Much less do many people now believe the Book
of Revelation, apocalyptic and cataclysmic as it is.
Invasions from the netherworld!
A Battle where blood flows like a river!
"Preposterous," they say.
Well, what if I asked you to name the
greatest of all God's judgments. I mean judgments upon His
Far surpassing the extinction of the
Or the stoning of Achan and his family.
Or the Babylonian Captivity.
Or even Sodom and Gomorrah!
The answer: when God judged
"the prince of this world."
Who is that?
Verse 11 again: "Of
judgment, because the prince of this world is judged."
The expression "is judged" translates "krino,"
a verbal form of "krisis," rendering it "kekritai," an
indicative mood, imperfect tense, passive voice, 3rd person
singular action word.
This "judgment" has already happened, plus,
its results continue to this very day! That's the sense of the
imperfect tense in Greek.
I believe Satan was judged, mortally so, at
the Cross of Calvary over two thousand years ago!
Jesus, speaking of His soon-coming bloody
Ordeal, the Crucifixion, said: "Now is the
judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be
cast out." In John 12:31 here, the devil got "thrown out"
of something! The verb is "ekballo," that is, "kicked out! The
Adversary "lost" the battle that Day!
Still talking about the Cross,
"Hereafter I will not talk much with you:
for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me."
This is Jesus in John 14:30. The devil sought to harm Jesus at
Calvary, but to no avail! The devil got "nothing" on Jesus, even
Now Paul on the Event, on the Cross, where
Jesus ... "Blotted out the handwriting of
ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and
took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; and
principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly,
triumphing over them in it." That verb "spoiled" is again
a description of what Jesus did the the devil and his demons, as
our Lord died! "Apekduomai" blends "apo" and "ek," both
prepositions, and "duo," a verb! Here's what we get: Jesus
"stripped" the devil of all his clothes, all his armour, of all
his glory ... on the old rugged Cross!
Potentially, the devil is already a defeated
But, even with this, the best is yet to come!
Some future day, at the end of the ages, John
on Patmos records: "And
the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and
brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are,
and shall be tormented
day and night for ever and ever." Revelation 20:10
Tormented in fire, forever!
Weeping, wailing, gnashing of teeth!
Yet, still, eternal rebellion and hatred of
Almighty God! "He that is unjust, let him
be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy
still." Wow, Revelation 22:11
If God can bring the devil down ... He can
handle any other enemy too!
Including defiant sinful, unrighteous,
unbroken human beings!
See that list, underlined as it is?
Without acquiescing to the Holy Spirit's
nudges about sin and righteousness and judgment,
there's nothing left for a soul to endure but
"a certain fearful looking for of judgment
and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries."
One more Passage, "And
Jesus said unto them, I
beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven." As a
result, "In that hour Jesus rejoiced in
spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and
earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and
prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for
so it seemed good in thy sight." Luke 10:18 and 21
It made Jesus joyful, happy!
Now, that's judgment!
And if God can handle the greater enemy,
already has, He can certainly take care of the smaller ones too!
Yes! "It is appointed
unto men once to die, but after this the judgment."
And guess who the Judge is?
"For the Father judgeth
no man, but
hath committed all
judgment unto the Son: that all men should honour
the Son, even as they honour the Father." John 5:22-23
Genesis 3:15 was right all the time! The
devil bruised the heel of Jesus, probably on the Cross.
But Jesus crushed the head of Satan, also from Golgotha's
God to Satan in the Garden of Eden, because
of sin: "And I will put enmity between
thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall
bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel."
The people of American will not, but they
should be shaking in their boots this morning! God's judgment is
coming! Actually, it's already started!
If the devil lost, so will all lesser haters
"The wicked shall be
turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God."
Psalm 9:17, the same type punishment the devil faces!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 7, CONCLUSION:
Here's the whole Text again. "Nevertheless
I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away:
for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but
if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he
will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of
judgment: of sin, because they believe not on me; of
righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged."
This Text, so filled with the Holy Spirit as
its Subject, is still very "Christo-centric," as the theologians
say! That is, Christ-centered!
I at first thought that God the Third Person
"dominated" the entire paragraph. But on further reflection, I
see Jesus more and more!
In fact, truth be told, when the True Holy
Spirit is present ... by virtue of His Presence ... JESUS IS
ALWAYS MAGNIFIED! Here's proof for my statement.
when he, the Spirit of
truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth:
for he shall not speak
of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that
shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
He shall glorify me:
for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto
you." John 13-14, watch those underlined words.
The Holy Spirit never uplifts Himself!
He always exalts the Son of God, God the Son,
the Lord Jesus Christ!
Now, watch our Text carefully, John 16:7-11.
And let me show you JESUS as He appears again and again.
First of all, Jesus is the Speaker, the
Preacher, the Teacher. "Nevertheless I
tell you ...." That's Jesus.
Then our Lord mentions His soon-coming Death,
Burial, Resurrection, and forty days later, Ascension.
"I go away." Then,
"I depart." Jesus is in Heaven right now, at the Right
Hand of God!
Then, Jesus is the One Who is to send the
Holy Spirit back to earth, in the Spirit's New Testament
capacity, in His post Day-of-Pentecost Ministry.
"If I go not away, the Comforter will not
come unto you; but if I depart,
I will send him
unto you." What authority! What Power Jesus possesses!
And even when we get to the part of the Verse
that obviously focuses on the Holy Spirit Himself, look!
"And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of
righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believe not
That's Jesus again, the "Me" right there!
The ultimate height of sin is "not believing on Jesus!"
The Holy Spirit convicts people of sin ... to point them to
Jesus, the One in Whom our faith must rest! Even to be saved!
Next the Spirit reproves or convicts sinners
of "righteousness," but even that's because, says Jesus,
"Because I go to my Father, and ye see me
no more." Needing an Example of perfect, spotless
Righteousness, the Holy Spirit of course takes a straight path
to Jesus! Jesus is Righteousness! Salvation is
Jesus-saturated! "Neither is there
salvation in any other: for there is none other name under
heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." Acts
4:12, that's Jesus! Without Jesus' "imputed" or "applied"
Righteousness, we will all miss Heaven!
Lastly, the Holy Spirit convicts the lost
world of judgment. But, why? "Of judgment,
because the prince of this world is judged." Now "the
prince of this world" is the devil, according to Jesus in John
12:31 and 14:30 and certainly here in 16:11. But, Who is going
to judge him, judge the devil? Jesus is!
"For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment
unto the Son: that all men should honour the Son, even as
they honour the Father." John 5:22-23
It's all about Jesus!
Just think! Who wrote this, the "motto" of
the Christian life? "Looking
unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith;
who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross,
despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the
throne of God." The Holy Spirit wrote it, Hebrews 12:2.
I first knew I was a sinner ... because I had
not believed on Jesus. I had rejected the darling Son of
I knew that I lacked any true righteousness
also ... because Jesus is the Real Pattern of
Righteousness! God says so! His first declaration of such is
found in Romans 1:4. "Our Lord ...
declared to be the Son of God with power, according
to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead."
And I knew, as a lost sinner, I faced
judgment, eternal hell forever! Why? Because even the devil will
spend eternity in the lake of fire and brimstone, unendingly!
And Who will put him there? Jesus will, He being the
Judge! The Great White Throne Judge! "And
the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and
brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and
shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. And I saw a
great white throne, and him that sat on it." Revelation
No wonder God calls Him, rightfully so,
"And thou shalt call
his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins."
I call Him That too, the One Who "saves!"
He saved me!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
This five-verse Text is both doctrinal and
devotional! In it we learn ... and worship! It
describes the path through which every sinner is saved! Mercy!
How very much we should thank God for John 16:7-11.