To e-mail, call or write the Bagwells, just visit our "Contact" Page.



They were certainly interested in the Lord!  But "interest" does not save!  They "followed" Him.  But following Him alone does not save!

Let's study together the "marks" of these masses who sought Jesus ... yet never really found Him!


 A Preacher in his Study


They were truly "religious" ... but "lost!"

They remind one of multitudes today who go to church ... but have NOT been to The Saviour for the free pardon of sin!


JOHN 6 ... LESSON 1:

John 6 is an amazing chapter of Scripture. It records what we usually call the "Feeding of the 5,000." Then comes the storm on the Sea of Galilee with Jesus walking on the water and calming the winds and waves. Thatís all followed by His great Sermon on the Bread that came down from Heaven! BUT ... skillfully woven through all those events is the Holy Spiritís teaching about how the crowds reacted to Jesusí Ministry.

Thatís what I want to notice for the next few days.

These people are lost ... yet they seem to want to be near Jesus. One might even say they are "religious" ... but "lost!" And for the most part ... they stay that way!

Here I believe there is a "sub-plot" inserted by Godís Inspiration that shows us the marks of the "religious but lost" crowd! What do they think? How do they behave? What interests them?

Well, letís study the text and see.

"After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased." John 6:1-2

The multitudes are characterized by a Greek word "ochlos" which just means crowd! Thatís all the Spirit calls them ... just the crowd! (Not a congregation and certainly not an assembly ... just a throng!)

They are visually exercised here. They SAW something that peaked their curiosity! The verb "saw" is "horao" in Greek and means to stare at! (A "gawking" crowd!) Itís not JESUS Who interest them ... but something else!

They saw some "miracles!" The noun is "semeion" and means "signs!"  (Marks, tokens!) The miracles (by Johnís specific word here) are designed NOT as ends in themselves! They are "signs" to point men to Jesus! But the crowd never get the message! They got "stuck" on the signs, the miracles! They missed Jesus because of the glory of the miracles!

These folks were excitement seekers. They only wanted to see something "new" and different. They would have followed any miracle worker! They had no attachment to the Lord at all!

This so reminds me of people today. (And whether youíll agree or not ... I donít know, but some of this crowd is in your church right now!)

They are still lost but curious. (Iíve heard preachers say that they "draw" people with music or with stunts or even with miracles!)

People seeking wonders instead of the Saviour!

I am telling you today that the devil is a deceiver!

If he can get your eyes on the circumstances (the miracles or whatever) rather than the Christ ... you may end up in hell!

Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."   John 14:6

Thatís todayís lesson ... but more truths are coming tomorrow, Lord willing.

This chapter (John 6) builds a whole composite picture of how the lost crowds respond to Jesus. And ... it is a frightening picture. It looks like a lot of churches today Iím afraid.

Today's church atmosphere in America has developed a "cafeteria style" mentality! What here interests me?  If this place is slightly "deficient" the church down the road offers "more!"  I'm looking for the "amenities" anyway.  The Person of Jesus and the preaching of Jesus no longer seem to matter in many places!

This is exactly how the crowd in Jesus' day felt!

But donít take my word for that.  Letís just study the text and see.

                                                                          --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 2:

We are for a few days studying the 6th chapter of John's Gospel.  Our focus is particularly on the response of the crowds to Jesus.  They followed Him for a while ... but they never were saved!

We saw yesterday that they were only interested in the outward things of Christ ... such as His miracle working power.  Verse 14 of our chapter further illustrates the point.  John 6:14 --- "Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world."  Notice that it is only the visible things of Jesus that impressed them.  (If you today are wanting visible proof that Jesus is the Son of God ... you just may die in your sins and go to hell!  The truth of Jesus' Deity will not be demonstrated visibly in these days ... one must accept it by faith!)  I fear that today's churches are still full of people looking for signs!

A selfish crowd like this will do almost anything that they feel will benefit themselves!  (More comfortable buildings, a more acceptable Pastor, less offensive preaching, more "people" centered, more democratic church government!)

John 6:15 further proves my point.  In it we see this crowd seeking to do something by sheer political power!  "When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone."  This is the old "majority rules" concept.  (Yet in Scripture the "majority" is nearly always wrong!)  Our churches today are consumed with this philosophy!  The little verb here for "perceived" is "ginosko" and means to know for sure!  (Jesus in John's Gospel knows everything!) The verb "take" Him translates the Greek word "harpazo" and means to seize someone! The crowd rules!  (Kick the Pastor out!  He's no longer popular with the youth!)

You know WHY they wanted to make Him King?  They thought it would benefit them!  More free food  (feeding of 5,000)!  It's the old "What can God do or me today" syndrome!  Listen to most of today's sermons!  They are filled with this "God is my slave" mentaility!

But please notice that when this kind of mob rule develops ... Jesus just leaves!  I'm personally about sick and tired of church leadership that's selected from rich men and socially acceptable men and influential men rather than Spirit filled men who love God!  That crowd has just driven Jesus away from the churches of our land!

Most churches today are so "committee" loaded (the old "We have to use everybody!" philosophy) that you just never know what will happen on any given Sunday.  We are at the mercy  and whim of some backslidden woman who has gossiped all week or some lust hound of a man who wouldn't know the Holy Spirit on sight!

That might be religion ... but its a thousand miles from salvation!

Isn't it strange that things that happened in Jesus' day are still prevalent in 2004?

Talk about the Bible being up-to-date!

More tomorrow, Lord willing.

(Keep your eye on this crowd.  You just can't trust them.)

                                                                --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 3:

John chapter six is an outstanding portion of Scripture for many reasons.  One of which is the picture it presents to us of the "crowd" that followed Jesus from place to place (at least for a while).

Today we get another view of them. 

"When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.  And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither? Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled."    John 6:24-26

This Passage pictures the masses who followed Jesus in a bad light!  They go where He goes ... just for what they can get out of Him (like free food)!  If I am reading it right ... that's exactly what Jesus told them here.

The word for people here is "ochlos" which means crowd or "a casual collection of people!"  (Right out of a lexicon!)  Isn't that a pretty good description of the throngs at many churches today!  (Rather casual, I'd say!)

The expression "took shipping" means they walked into a ship!  They are chasing Jesus (which sounds good at first) ... but only for what they can selfishly get out of Him. 

By the way, notice that they did find Him!  (You may find Him as a solace ... without finding Him as the Saviour!)  Even lost Judas did this!  These sad words are from the lips of Jesus Himself:  "Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity."  Matthew 7:22-23 

I fear a spiritual mentality is developing in America that is akin to the spirit of this lost crowd!  I call it a "cafeteria" approach to church and the Lord.  What does this church offer me?  How about this one?  I'll "shop around" for a while I think! 

If you're genuinely saved I believe you will seek God's will in these kinds of matters ... and obey Him.  (Not look for the best "deal" in a church home!) 

Have you folks ever thought about asking this question?  What can I do for a church?  (Not just what can this church do for me!)

Notice what they called Jesus.  "Rabbi!"  (A teacher of religious things) It means "My Master!"  Jesus can be one's teacher without being one's Saviour!  Be sure you've been washed in the Blood of the Lamb of God.  These people were lost!

Even the verb Jesus used with them was significant.  He told them they were pursuing Him not because they SAW the miracles ... but for other (selfish) reasons! "Saw" here translates "eido" which means to perceive or to discern with one's eyes and mind!  (This is a much deeper word than just the one for superficial sight.) The crowd viewed the miracles as exciting emotional things ... but not as carriers of spiritual truth!  They were just being entertained by Jesus' Power!

Again ... I fear that today much of what's done at church is just that ... entertainment!  (Not worship any longer!)  God help us!

The food "filled" them too.  The verb means to satisfy a desire. That's all they wanted it seems!  To get their stomachs filled and their eyes pacified.  (A holiday with Jesus!)  They would have loved to be on a cruise with Him, I'm sure!  (But Jesus' cruises often involve storms, it seems!)

It all can be summarized with two words:  "Christo-centric" (Christ centered) or "man-centered!"  I'll guarantee you this.  The Bible is God-centered before it deals with the issues of lost mankind!  We exist for HIS Glory!

Also dear friends, two groups are seen all the way through this chapter.  The "crowd" and the "disciples."  To which do you belong?  Your eternal destiny depends upon the answer to that question!

                                                                         --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 4:

Weíve been studying the crowdís response to Jesus in John chapter six. Bear in mind that this is a religious crowd! And itís a pro-Jesus crowd! Theyíve heard some of the greatest preaching ever done and seen some of the greatest miracles ever performed! Yet they are lost in their sins! They are unsaved. (Religious but lost!)

Now in todayís verse, letís see some other things about this throng of followers. In John 6:28 they ask Jesus:

"Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?"

This is so interesting!

They did not ask Him about His identity! (No "Are You the Son of God? Were You Virgin Born? Are You the Saviour of the world?)

They just wanted to know how to have His Power to do the works of God!

Maybe they wanted power as He had ... to draw more and more people. That would show a desire for popularity! (I personally believe a lot of whatís being done in churches today is to feed that old "popularity" hunger of lost men and women!)

Maybe they wanted His power to feed the hungry! Thatís a great social goal, isnít it? How very humanitarian of them! (I know much of church life today is purely social in nature ... not spiritual, but social!)

Maybe they wanted His power to persuade the masses to rebel against Rome! (They had hoped Jesus would lead such a revolt!) That would be using religion for political purposes. (Do you think thatís ever happened?)

Or maybe some of them wanted to do His works ... just to feed their own egos! (The very thing Jesus refused to do!) I suspect many in religion and perhaps even in some good fundamental churches now are doing just that. Feeding their egos. (And some of them have pretty big egos, too!)

Or maybe they just wanted Godís power (which Moses had and Elijah and Elisha and Jonah) so they could continue the old Jewish tradition of mighty words and deeds! Believe me ... a lot of folks yet today attend church just our of tradition.

But whatever the reasons ... they were still lost and without Jesus!

They wanted His Power ... but were not interested in His Person!

They wanted to do His deeds ... but cared not a whim about His deity!

They wanted His charisma ... but not His Cross!

They wanted something to DO ... not something to believe! (Thatís a religion of works ...not grace!)

That little verb for "do" (Greek = poieo) means to do or cause or bring into effect and is an indicative present active. This just means that they were willing to work at this for constant hours and putting their "all" into it! The labor was not an issue ... just so they could get the power! (Some have crawled up steps until knees bled to appease their gods!) That very mentality has seeped into some of our churches yet today.

The verb "work" adds to their intense efforts as well. It is our word "energized!" (And is in the middle voice!) No matter how much it hurts them ... they will do whatever it takes to get the ability to do His works!

How appropriate are these verses to our age in America!

BUT Jesus handles their question very well. (He doeth all things well! Mark 7:37)

He told them the truth in verse 29. "Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent." (John 6:29)

Jesus told them that the Christian life begins with BELIEF. The verb is a subjunctive aorist. It expresses a wish or longing or desire Jesus had! He wanted them to be saved! It also expresses "point" action in time past. When one does get saved, itís because he or she BELIEVED at a moment in time ... trusting Jesus as Saviour of his or her life! Salvation (if youíve got it) is something that happened to you in a given moment. Your very testimony relates the experience. (You may not know the exact second ... but you will likely know it happened!)

Are you saved?

If the Lord "deals" with you about this matter ... listen intently!

He still longs for sinners to be converted!

                                                                      --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 5:

In John 6 one can study how the crowds (religious but lost crowds) responded to Jesus!  That's what we've been doing the past few days.

Look at John 6:30:  "They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?"

Here the masses want Jesus to show them a "sign."

The noun for "sign" is "semeion" and means a token or a mark or a pointer.  It's one of John's key words for a "miracle!" 

The crowd want to see a miracle or something "showy" or something fabulous from Jesus!  (They wanted to see lightning or hear thunder or feel goosebumps!)

I fear that's what's happening in our churches today!  If something "dramatic" doesn't occur ... the service is pronounced dull or dead. 

The verb "shewest" translates "poieo" and means to do or to make.  They clearly were telling Jesus to do something great!  (Dictating to Him how He should work!) Again, that's a trait of the age in which we live. 

You notice that this crowd wanted to "see" before they could "believe!"

This particular verb "to see" means to gaze upon!  They had to have visual evidence before they could place faith in Jesus it seems!  You know, the old "seeing is believing" thing!  The whole culture of today is one that's addicted to visual stimuli.  Television, videos and print media have ruined us.  Yet Scripture still says such things as:  Hebrews 11:6 --- "But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him."  Or 2 Corinthians 5:7 --- "For we walk by faith, not by sight."  Or John 20:29 --- "Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed."

The little question, "What dost Thou work?" is quite similar to our asking someone for a resume!  Let me see what you can do!  I'll tell you right now ... that's NOT faith!

The crowd even gives Jesus an example of what they mean!  Verse 31:  "Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat."  Jesus, do something like the "Manna" miracle please.  Then we just may believe on You!

Someone today quips, "If I could just see someone raised from the dead (etc.) I would believe!"  NO YOU WOULD NOT!  Saving faith is not an empirical thing ... it's a Holy Spirit thing!

By the way, look at how very blind that crowd was!  They were talking to the very BREAD OF LIFE and didn't even know it!

Now look at Jesus' response to the crowd.

"All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out."   John 6:37

That just about says it all.

Until one experiences Holy Spirit conviction ... all the reasoning in the world won't do the job!

Lord willing, more tomorrow!

                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 6:

In John 6:41-42 the "crowd" following Jesus made a common mistake.  Let me show you what I mean.

"The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.  And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven?"

First of all they here questioned something He had preached!

Now it's all right to check out any purely human preacher you hear!  (In fact, it's a good idea!)  A preacher who discourages his people from bringing their Bibles and feels insecure when they ask him questions ... might be in the wrong work for the Lord!

HOWEVER the masses here are questioning the preaching of the darling Son of God, the Lord Jesus. 

Jesus has told them that HE IS THE MANNA, the Bread of Life, That came down from heaven! 

"Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.  For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.  And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst."   John 6:32-35

The have questioned Jesus' statement about His "coming down from Heaven!"  One of my preacher Uncles used to say ... "Don't put a question mark where God put a period!"  Accept the preaching of the Word of God if it is accurately and sufficiently backed up by Scripture!

Also notice that they "murmured" at Jesus!  The verb ("gogguzo") means to grumble or to mutter!  This is an imperfect verb ... suggesting that the action of grumbling once started ... continues!  (Amen to that!)  Could it be that the "grumbling" crowd down at the church really are unbelievers who have been deceived by the devil?  It just may be so!

Then also see that they just knew Jesus on a human (humanistic) level.  He's the son of Joseph they declared!  (The Bible no where says that.  Jesus is the Virgin-born Son of God!)  All this stuff today about meeting the "historical" Jesus is just a front for unbelief.  One must meet the true historical Jesus in the pages of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (not from some Gnostic text or some liberal scholar)!  And one must understand Jesus' Doctrine through the Holy Spirit's revelation to Paul, the very best interpreter of Christ we have!  We must accept by faith the fact that Jesus is all He said Himself to be!

These human (only) views of Jesus are delivered to man from the devil himself! Jesus is GOD come in human flesh!  Anyone who won't acknowledge the deity of Christ ... is just as lost as this poor crowd was!

What lessons our verses today bring!

This little Georgia preacher is developing a whole "(lost) crowd psychology" from this text!  I see more and more of these kinds of folks (in churches) as the years pass!  I've pastored a fair share of them too!  Their "marks" are quite evident.  Jesus said, "Ye shall know them by their fruits."  Matthew 7:16

More tomorrow on these crowds and how they responded to Jesus.  (Lord willing!)

In some real ways, this is a fearful text we're studying!

                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 7:

Our John 6 study will only last a few more days.  I have found it tremendously interesting and helpful to my own heart.

These religious crowds around Jesus remind me so much of what's seen in the churches of our land today!  (They are religious ... but lost.  They will not believe on the Lord Jesus Christ.)

Notice now today's verse:

"The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?"   John 6:52

Again, they have misunderstood Jesus' preaching!  Apart from the ministry of the Holy Spirit (either in convicting power on the sinner or enlightening, illuminating power on the saint) no one ever understands a sermon!

He had preached about literal bread ... then transferred that concept to Himself as being the One Who was the spiritual Bread of Life!  They didn't get the connection.

I guess the natural man receiveth not the things of God!

BUT primarily today notice something else about our verse.

It says that they "strove" among themselves!

The verb here is "machomai."  It means to fight.  (Hand to hand combat!)  Another lexicon says it means: to war ... then to quarrel or dispute!  The verb is an indicative perfect middle.  The "time action" suggests something that once started ... goes on and on!  (Constantly fighting!)  The voice (middle) means that the this arguing impacted their own lives!  (It always does ... and always in the worst way!)

By the way, the Greek sentence here opens with this word.  The Holy Spirit is putting His main emphasis on these disputes between these people.  (Whereas with the real people of God ... peace is the rule of the day ... and night!) 

Does this verse remind you of anything today?

In my years as a Pastor I saw again and again divisions and schisms and cliques and in-fighting of all kinds!  (All inside the church of God!)

That's NOT a trait of born again folks!

It is a characteristic of the lost crowds!

You draw the necessary conclusions.  After all, the Holy Spirit indwells you if you're saved.  He is the One Who gives us godly discernment anyway!

Thank God for verses such as:

Psalm 119:165 --- "Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them."

John 14:27 --- "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid."

Galatians 5:22 --- "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace ...."

Philippians 4:7 --- "And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus."


                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 8:

Jesus has just preached a sermon.  It was one of those that's a bit hard to understand!  He had told the people that HE was the real Manna that had come down from heaven!  (The Bread of Life!)  He then told them that in order to be "saved" they must eat His flesh and drink His blood" (as the Jews in the wilderness many years before would have eaten the manna)!  Jesus of course is speaking in a spiritual sense.  He is not teaching some form of cannibalism. 

But nonetheless this spiritually blind group of followers did not "get" it. 

Let's read verses 60 and 61 of John 6:  "Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it? When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?"

The adjective "hard" ("skeleros" in Greek) means violent, rough or fierce! It comes from a word that means "parched or dry."  (They said Jesus' preaching was dry!)

The verb Jesus used ... "offend" means to trap (as when catching an animal).  Also it carries the word picture of placing a long stick between a man's legs as he's walking by ... so as to make him trip or fall. 

Then watch what Jesus said to them.  It is exciting to follow Jesus' reasoning here.

"What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?  It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.  But there are some of you that believe not."  John 6:62-64

Jesus asked them:  "If you are offended at my preaching about the Manna (eating My flesh and drinking My blood) ... what will you do when I ascend back to My Father in heaven?

Then Jesus commented I believe on their charge that His words were "hard, rough or dry."  He said that if they are considered just in the "fleshly" way, they will lead to death.  BUT if they are seen in a spiritual light, they will led to life!

Then Jesus plainly told them that they did not believe!

And the result of this little discussion?

"From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him." John 6:66

The true condition of their hearts is now appearing.

I have seen people through the years stumble at the plain preaching of God's Word too.

In all likelihood they were lost.

The same thing may be said about a lot of those who are so easily "offended" too, according to this text!  (Psalm 119:165 --- "Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them.")

What a study this has been of the crowds who followed Jesus.

Folks, be sure you're not just a member of the crowd ... but a believer in the Saviour!

                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




JOHN 6 ... LESSON 9:

This is our last study from John 6.  We have seen (in the articles still preserved on this Page) some major characteristics of the "crowds" who followed Jesus.  They were interested in Him ... but refused to completely believe in Him for salvation! (Religious but lost!)

Here is how Jesus ends His discussion with the true disciples:

"Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?  He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve."   John 6:70-71

When it comes to Jesus ... we belong in one of two groups.  Either we are followers of Christ our Lord in Whom we have believed unto salvation ... or we are followers of the devil. 

Of course Judas was filled with the devil in a way that is prophetic of the anti-christ I believe.

Yet the principle holds true.  We are either children of the Lord ... or children of the devil.

We are either part of the crowd or a part of the Christ!

Jesus wants to know to whom we belong.

In fact, He asked Peter that very question.

When the multitudes turned and walked away from the living and darling Son of God ... John tells us:  "From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.  Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?  Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.  And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God."   John 6:66-69

The verbs "believe" and "are sure" and both indicative perfect verbs!  The sense of "time" they demand is that of action completed in the past ... but continuing on (powerfully) to this very minute!

Peter had believed ("pisteuo") on Jesus at some time in the past and was so changed that he still believed up to the very second he made that statement!  (He is in heaven now and is STILL believing too!)

Also he was "sure" ("ginosko") in the past and kept on being sure that Jesus was the Son of God!

That's where this great chapter ends.

What do YOU believe about Jesus?

That (and that alone) determines whether you're a member of the crowd ... or of the Christ!

Remember John 5:24 where Jesus says:  "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life."

                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell


In some ways this brief review of one aspect of John 6 is frightening.  I fear for the masses who attend church today for every reason under the sun other than worshipping the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer of lost souls!  They too may well be "religious" ... but "lost."



Thank YOU for visiting our Website!

You are visitor number ...

Hit Counter


Copyright ©2003 DrMikeBagwell.org  All Rights Reserved.

The Fundamental Top 500