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"After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."

Matthew 6:9-13


 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
II Timothy 2:15


Usually called "The Lord's Prayer," it is surprisingly a Bible Text often neglected by us fundamental Bible Believers!

But ... Jesus did begin it with these clear instructions: "After this manner therefore pray ye; Our Father ...."  Matthew 6:9

Those opening three words, "after this manner," translate a single adverb in Greek ... "houtos." 

It means, according to a standard lexicon, "in this way" or "thus" or "like this" or even "in the same way."

Now I, like most of you, am a little hesitant when it comes to memorized formal praying.

But here we are dealing with the words of Jesus!  Paul especially called our Lord's words "wholesome" in 1st Timothy 6:3.  The adjective here gives us our English word "hygienic," hence ... healthy and clean words!  Paul then adds that such words will also produce "godliness" in our lives!  That is, proper reverence and respect and holiness toward God!

It looks to me like our Lord is telling us to pray, in this case, His very words!

"After this manner!"

The first time "houtos" is used in Scripture, in Matthew 1:18, we are told:  "Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost."  Note I've capitalized the English expression for "houtos."

Do you think Luke was giving us just about what happened when Jesus was born ... or exactly what happened?

That's the spirit of "houtos," precisely so!

Then Jesus continued, "After this manner therefore pray ye ...."

Even the "therefore" is significant too.

"Therefore" (in Greek ="oun") is a conjunction, a "connecting" word, and links the Disciples' request ("Lord, teach us to pray."  Luke 11:1) to the answer itself ... the Lord's Prayer. 

Technically in Matthew's Gospel Jesus is preaching His most lengthy sermon ever.  He comes to the subject of prayer and, after several practical suggestions says, "therefore ...."

See what I mean.  "And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking. Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him. After this manner therefore pray ye ...."  Matthew 6:7-9a

Now, having examined the words "after this manner" and "therefore," we must study the verb "pray."

"Proseuche," found 87 times in the New Testament, is a main word for praying. It means "to express a wish or desire" ("euchomai") and "to" or "toward" someone ("pros").  This prefix actually carries the idea of being toward someone's face ... that close!

"Prayer" here pictures a man or a woman interceding before God, in His very Presence (!) ... sharing their wishes or needs and desires with our Almighty God Himself!

What a thought!  Is is elsewhere Biblical too?  Yes!  "Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need."  Hebrews 4:16

Essentially face to Face ... with God!   That's what is being implied!

And, get this too!

The verb "pray" is here a command from our Lord!

It's an imperative!

He requires us to pray this prayer!

Have you all memorized it yet?

Probably so ... but let's "brush up" on it anyway.

"Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."

We will never know this side of Heaven all these words contain!

But we can sure try to learn ... with the Holy Spirit's aid!

                                                                              --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Jesus taught us to pray to "Our Father" in heaven!

Often we do not realize what an astounding truth the Lord revealed that day!

In fact, the very idea of God being "Father" to all Believers is quite breathtaking!

Let me try to explain what I mean.

Now it is true that Malachi teaches us about God being our Father, but not in an individual personal way.  Listen:  "Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us?"  Here the Prophet is simply saying that we have a relationship with God, The "Father," due to the fact He created us!  No, I am not teaching some false doctrine here.  I am NOT saying every man is saved due to his very existence!  But he is created by God, his forefather Adam having been directly made out of the dust of the ground by the Hand of the Almighty!  In that "loose" sense ... Malachi does say we are His "children!"  Again, that has nothing to do with salvation, just creation.

Then, later in the Old Testament, we see another way mankind is related to God as Father.  At least some of the human race are!  I mean the nation of Israel. Isaiah the Prophet, speaking for his nation, says:  "O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand." (Isaiah 64:8)  So ... God "fathered" a Nation!  But, again, this relationship is a long way from what we now call personal soul salvation!  The Nation Israel today is NOT a saved body of people!

I hope you see what I am trying to say!

When Jesus taught that little group of Disciples to pray "Our Father" He was revealing to us a new relationship!

A relationship in which ALL who are washed in the Blood, born-again, saved by Grace are placed "in The Family," the very Family of God!

God is our Father!

We are His sons and daughters ... by faith in Jesus Christ!

Listen to John: "Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God."  1st John 3:1

The "Father" in Scripture is the one who provides and protects and, if necessary, chastens ... yet loves and comforts his own children!

God as Father!

Not because of creation, not because of nationality, but because of Jesus and His sacrificial Death on the Cross!


By the way, notice that Jesus said "OUR Father ...!"

This indicates linkage between the children.

We as Christians have much in common, including the Same Father!

Yes, the so-called "Lord's Prayer" is ... in its original setting ... prayed in a group!  Prayed in a small assembly of Believers!  Prayed in a "church!" 

That demands that it be worded "our Father ...."

This teaches united prayer too!

Prayer flowing from a tightly knit fellowship of saints!

Jesus even promised:  "If two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven."  Matthew 18:19

And how would such a prayer begin?

Obviously, "Our Father ...."

What a privilege!

Friend, do NOT use those words lightly!

                                                                             --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Jesus, as He taught us to pray, carefully reminded us that true prayer must be directed to "Our Father" above!

"After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father ...."  Matthew 6:9

Then immediately the Lord mentioned the fact that our Father is in Heaven"Our Father which art in heaven ..." He prayed.

Why did Jesus emphasize this specific truth?

I began thinking about this a few days ago.

Of the Trinity, the Triune Godhead we serve, different aspects or traits are linked to The Father, then to The Son and also to The Holy Spirit.  Don't misunderstand me.  We worship One God ... but with a Triune Nature.

Let me show you one of these distinctions.  It accents the fact that Our Father is in Heaven!

When it comes to mankind's salvation and sanctification and ultimate glorification ... God The Father is said to send the Son to earth to die for sinners! God The Son (Jesus the Christ) obeyed and was miraculously born of a virgin, lived all His years sinlessly, died vicariously, arose bodily and ascended victoriously back to Glory!  God the Holy Spirit convicts the sinner of his sin, births him into the family of God as he believes on Jesus, and indwells him to mold this new believer into the image of Christ.

But, notice this too.  In that Work for mankind's salvation ... God The Son had to leave Heaven and come to earth!  God The Holy Spirit also had to concentrate His Ministry on the inhabitants of this old sinful planet!  He was "poured out" on the Day of Pentecost and has been here ever since!

BUT God The Father DID NOT leave Heaven!  He never came to earth.  He never was "poured out" upon mankind. 

He stayed at Home!

Maybe Jesus had these facts keenly in mind when He prayed to His Father ... IN HEAVEN!

Even in the parable of the prodigal son ... the Father did not leave town!  He never went into the world or down to the hog pen!  He did run down the road to welcome that returning sinner boy ... but he did not leave his community!

Now, I'm so glad Jesus came!

I'm also thankful the Holy Spirit descended!

But I'm equally delighted that God the Father never went anywhere!  I'm glad He stayed in Heaven!

There He awaits us, His children!  And one day, maybe soon, we shall be gathered to "Our Father, Which art in Heaven!"

Think of that the next time you pray!

We're going to Heaven ... where the Father is ... and always has been!  Jesus, Who is now Himself in Heaven, prayed this:  "Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world."  (John 17:24)  And just where is that?  Where is Jesus?

I've  already told you!

In Heaven ... with the Father!

"Our Father, Which art in Heaven ..." one day through the Blood of Jesus and faith in His Sacrifice on Calvary ... we shall be with Thee for evermore!

"In Heaven" too!

Folks, think about that!   And let's worship our Heavenly Father today!  The One Who still is in Heaven!

                                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




The very first request in the "Model Prayer" Jesus taught us to pray is this:  "Hallowed be thy name."

That's right!

"Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name."

Surely this teaches us the first desire of a Believer's heart.

The verb "to hallow" (in Greek = "hagiazo") means "to set apart" as holy!  To regard as sacred!  Here the word is framed as a "passive imperative," revealing the seriousness of Jesus' petition (a necessity, not just a request) and also suggesting that God's Name is to be reverenced by others, not just Himself!

WE are to hallow His Precious Name!

As an aorist imperative passive verb, "hagiazo" only occurs three times in the Bible.  Twice in the giving of "The Lord's Prayer" (Matthew 6:9 and Luke 11:2) ... then again in Revelation 22:11.  "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still."  Amazing!

Of the 29 times the verb occurs in any form, it is translated in the King James Bible "sanctify" 26 times, "be holy" 1 time and "hallowed" the other 2 times.

Lord, may Thy great Name be sanctified ... and reverenced ... and respected ... and treated more highly than any other Name ever spoken!

And according to Scripture, right now the angels of God ... especially the Seraphim ... are saying:  "Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory."  Isaiah 6:3

That's surely hallowing His Name!

And, just this one more thought.  Perhaps the "Hallowed be Thy Name" request is given such a high priority in this Text (this Prayer) because ... having God in the right place (first place) is the "secret" to all the rest of life being in the right order too!

God first ... then daily bread and love for others and victory over sin!

That's Biblical!

Jesus said in Matthew 6:33 ... "But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you."


Today, if you work in public, you will likely somewhere hear the Name of God being disrespected or ignored or even cursed!  When you do, get off to yourself and pray to your Heavenly Father ... "Lord, in my heart, hallowed by The Name!"

Both Isaiah and Peter encourage us to:  "Sanctify the LORD of Hosts Himself; and let Him be your fear, and let Him be your dread."  That's just another way of saying ... reverence the Lord God Almighty!

Again I say, Amen!

                                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Technically speaking, the "Kingdom of Heaven" has not yet arrived!

It is, I believe, a term Jesus used for the coming Millennial days of glory that will exist on earth when Jesus comes again.

Therefore one might say that this part of the "Lord's Prayer" has not yet been answered!

But it WILL BE some day!

"Thy Kingdom come!"

Jesus not only prayed that Himself ... but taught us to do so too.

I have do doubt that Jesus is till praying this prayer yet today!  Even as He is sitting at the Right Hand of God interceding as our Great High Priest!

"Our Father, Which art in Heaven ... Thy Kingdom come."  Matthew 6:9-10

However, there is another "kingdom" term used in Scripture also.  It's the "Kingdom of God."  That seems to be a bit different in scope ... broader than the Kingdom of Heaven. 

As I've told you ... the "Kingdom of Heaven" is a millennial designation.  The "Kingdom of God" is a reference to the saved of all ages ... all who have believed and been born again by the Blood of Jesus!

But the good news is this:  using either term and allowing for those definitions as well ... this prayer will still be answered!

There is coming a Day when Jesus will, having extinguished the rule of anti-christ, will rule and reign on this earth for a thousand glorious years!  Read Revelation 20. 

And there is also coming a Day when all humanity who will ever be saved ... will be "under the Blood" and "written in the Lamb's Book of Life" and the Kingdom of God will be complete also!

To pray this part of the "Model Prayer" is to look forward prophetically to those great days of victory!

Kingdom of Heaven ... Jesus' Millennial Rule!

Kingdom of God ... All the saved of all time gathered under the Father's Authority!

But there still is another Kingdom I'd like to mention.

Is Jesus King today in your life?

In mine too?

Is He making your decisions?

Forming your priorities?

Choosing your friends?

Deciding where you attend Church?

Ruling your life?

If not ... consciously make Him King, Lord, Master, Ruler, Guide this very hour!

"Thy Kingdom come" sure would be a hard pray of the Lord's Prayer to pray ... if one was still "holding out" on the dear Lord!

Paul instructed us ... "And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him."  Colossians 3:17

Follow the King ... in everything you do!

                                                                                       --- Dr. Mike Bagwell

P. S. --- Since we are here studying the Matthew Text of the Lord's Prayer, and since Matthew speaks on the Kingdom of Heaven 32 times, I believe Jesus' prayer "Thy Kingdom come" is in its proper context a reference to the Kingdom of heaven.

That means that in essence we are praying for the Second Coming of our Lord! That's when He will initiate His Millennial Kingdom!

It also means that we are praying for the Rapture of the Church, which must occur before the Kingdom can begin!

And the tribulation must run its course too!

And the antichrist will have been defeated before "Kingdom Days" arrive!

So will Armageddon have been fought and won by Jesus!

And I'm not mentioning the Judgment Seat of Christ and the Marriage Supper of the Lamb, events that will occur in Glory while the Tribulation unfolds on earth!

Yes, the short prayer "Thy Kingdom come" involves a lot!

We are praying for more than we realize!

But we are also praying as Jesus taught us to pray!

And that's good enough for any Believer!

But, lest I fail to be "complete" in our discussion, may I add this thought.  In a real sense too the Lord God is King over all the earth anyway!  There's comeing as day when ... "at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth."  Philippians 2:10

Psalm 47 twice thunders:  "For the LORD most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth."  (Verses 2 and 7)

And Psalm 83 prays:  "That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth."


Look what's been drawn before our very eyes: concentric circles of Kingdom Rule!

God ... King over all earth!

Yet ... King over the Redeemed in a special way!

Yet again ... God the Son as King over a thousand year Reign of Righteousness on this very planet!  King of the Jews too!

Then ... If we're living godly lives, He's King over our individual hearts!

Blessed be His Name!




When the Lord Jesus taught us to pray to our Heavenly Father "Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven," He no doubt revealed the true longing of His Heart!

The "root" of the noun "will" involves one's deepest desire!

May God's desires and God's delights and God's plans be done on earth!

The verb "be done" translates an imperative form of "ginomai" which means "to come to pass" or "to come into existence." 

Jesus by faith reverently insists that this be done!  That's the significance of the imperative mood, folks!

This is bold praying!

God's Will ... completely done ... on earth?


Even "as it is in heaven!"

Think of it!

In Heaven ... there are no false gods!  No unfaithful preachers either!  No irreverence or blasphemy against Almighty God!

Neither is there any hatred or strife!  No robberies or murders!  Not even any unkindness! 

No jails or courts or police! 

And some day ... when Jesus comes again ... these serene qualities will be abundantly present on earth too!

Let me, using the words of John the Apostle in Revelation 21:4 tell you some more things that will be lacking in Heaven.  "And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away."

Could such bliss ever be "in earth, as it is in heaven?"

Oh, yes ... when Jesus rules and reigns!

God's Will does not allow for a number of people either!  They will not be in heaven!  "For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie." 

And on earth ... some golden daybreak ... that crowd just mentioned will be absent too!

I suspect some folks just won't be happy when all the bars are closed and liquor is vanished and narcotics eradicated!  When righteousness is supreme and wickedness is squelched!

Oh, yes ... one more thing!  In heaven right now there is praise ... PRAISE ... LOTS OF PRAISE TO GOD!

And that's also headed to earth some day ... maybe soon!

When Believers pray this portion of Jesus' Model Prayer ... we are identifying with Jesus' longing and yearning!

Heaven on earth!

This is the end result of it all:  "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still."  Revelation 22:11

An eternity of purity!

Oh, dear Lord ... bring it to earth!

Doesn't your very heart "warm" fervently to the idea?

"Our Father, Which art in heaven ... Thy Will be done on earth, as it is in heaven!"

Won't things be different then?

                                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Our Lord taught us to pray about everything!

He even included “our daily bread!”

“Give us this day our daily bread.”  Matthew 6:11

The verb “give” is expressed as an imperative, thus highlighting the urgency involved here!

 Father, without Thy provision … we shall perish!

exactly how Jesus lived too.  During His days of “Temptation” from satan, He fasted for nearly seven weeks.  And, at the end of that time, when He “hungered” … still He would not provide food for Himself!  Jesus waited and trusted His Father to do so, to give Him “daily bread!”  Jesus rebuffed the temptation of the devil to "turn stones into bread" … patiently waiting for heavenly provision.

 Still later, in John 4, Jesus had “meat to eat” that the disciples could not fathom!  He indeed sought sustenance from our Father in Heaven!

 But, Preacher Bagwell, is it necessary … in 2006 … to pray such a dependent prayer?  For “our daily bread?”

 That’s the point, folks!

 This petition teaches us to acknowledge our total dependence on the Lord! Without Him, we could do nothing!  And without Him, we would have nothing either!

 We are to live like servants, possession nothing of our own, but looking to Him to supply every need!  “Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens. Behold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of their masters, and as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon the LORD our God, until that he have mercy upon us.”  Psalm 123:1-2

 Is God able to feed such a number, all the saved on earth at any given time? Well, He fed the millions of Jews in the wilderness for 40 years, didn’t He?  See Psalm 78:19.

 He feeds the birds too … and all the little animals, big ones too!  “Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?” Matthew 6:26

 Furthermore, as we obey Him and delight in His way, He promises … “so shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.” (Proverbs 3:10)  Now, that’s daily bread!

 Yes, the God who fed Elijah by the brook … or by the widow’s hand … can feed us too!

 Every meal we eat should be “blessed” prayerfully, acknowledging our Father’s provision too!  Paul, in First Timothy 4:5, calls this “sanctifying” our food to the glory of God!

 And, by the way, the concept of “daily bread” removes any thoughts of “hoarding” food or accumulating vast supplies for selfish purposes. 

 Of course the Lord Jesus never commends opulent wealth in any way that I can remember!  He taught that riches are like “thorns” that “choke” the seed of God’s Word!  See Matthew 13:22 where we are told:  “He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.”

 One more thing … even though we can and should trust God for “daily bread,” He still expects us to WORK for a living!  Paul had to write the Thessalonians, apparently suffering from a considerable group of non-working Christians, that “if any would not work … neither should he eat!” Here’s 2nd Thessalonians 3:10  “For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.”

 I am so glad God cares about every area of life!

 And that includes … “our daily bread!”

 Reversing the normal order He generally used, here in the “Model Prayer” our dear Saviour placed “daily bread” ahead of “forgiveness” itself!  See:  “Our Father which art in heaven …  Give us this day our daily bread.  And forgive us our debts (sins) ….”   Matthew 6:9,11 and 12

 Maybe Jesus is simply saying that we must be alive (daily bread) in order to pursue further areas of godly living … including forgiveness and mercy and the kindness that flows from them!

 Let us all today pray it!

 “Give us this day our daily bread!”

 Depend on Him for everything!

                                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




It has often been said that the Scripture which is generally called "The Lord's Prayer" has no reference to the Cross of Calvary!

No mention of the Blood Atonement!

No Redemption or Salvation!

But that "criticism" is simply wrong!

The Model Prayer Jesus taught us to use in our devotional lives DOES contain a phrase that makes Jesus' Death on the Cross an absolute necessity!

"Our Father ... forgive us our debts."

What does that mean?

"And forgive us our debts."

The verb "aphiemi" combines two Greek expressions.  "Apo," the prefix, means "away" or "away from."  And ""hiemi" means "to send."  When God forgives our sin He, having devised a righteous Plan of Salvation through the Blood of Jesus, judicially sends our iniquities far far away!  As far as the east is from the west!  He places them into the very depths of the sea!  He "washes" them away!  They are gone forever!

This can only happen as a result of Jesus' substitutionary Death on the old rugged Cross!

The Lord's Prayer, if fully answered, leans fundamentally on the Hill called Calvary and what Jesus did there for you and me!

Otherwise, there is no forgiveness ... at all!

The noun "debts" pictures sin as something we have done that wronged God Himself!  We shortchanged His Glory!  He have fallen short of His Plan for our lives!

The word for "debts" is "opheilema" and means "something owed" to someone. 

And, of course, Jesus paid that debt ... that "sin" debt ... on our behalf!

He ransomed us!

He redeemed us!

What "price" did He pay?

His very Life was sacrificed!

Every drop of His precious Blood was shed!

He "bought" us with such a Death!

Here's the Gospel in one short clause!

"And forgive us our debts."

Then also, even as Christians, when we slip and trespass against His Word, forgiveness is still available!   John the Disciple, writing to Believers, said:  "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."  1st John 1:9

Apparently this is a prayer, "forgive us our debts," we are to pray regularly!

We sure do not want unconfessed sins to be a part of our daily living!

After all, the Psalmist said "If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me."  Psalm 66:18

And then we should add:  "He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy."  Proverbs 28:13

What a God we serve!

He, seeing our hearts, is able to richly forgive ... simply honoring our heartfelt faith in His precious Son Jesus the Christ!

How thankful we should be that, as the Psalmist again said of the Lord:  "There is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared."  Psalm 130:4


                                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




It is just assumed in the Bible that when a man is forgiven of God ... all the "load" of his sin taken away ... purged and forgotten ... that that same individual will be kind and forgiving to any who might "wrong" him as he walks life's pathway!

In other words, since the Lord God has forgiven us so much ... then, surely, we will be willing to forgive our fellow man!

If the Lord by Grace has erased my millions of sins ... can I not forgive my brother his half a dozen sins against me?

This attitude surfaces in such a critical place as The Lord's Prayer!

There Jesus taught us to pray ... "And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors."  Matthew 6:12


In the light of God's great forgiveness shed abroad in our lives ... it is a "given" that we will forgive those who shortchange us along the way!

Here's how Paul put worded it in Ephesians 4:32.  "And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you."

Jesus, in Matthew 18, once told a Parable  to further illustrate this great truth.  "Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants. And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents. But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. And his fellowservant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt."

Now what do you  think of that man?

Here's what happened next.  "So when his fellowservants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done. Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me: shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him."

Then the Lord said:  "So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses."

The Lord places quite a high value on forgiveness it seems!

In essence, this part of "The Model Prayer" requires a forgiving spirit on our part.

Without it, further prayer is useless.

It will not be heard.

At least that's the case according to Psalm 66:18.  "If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me." 

Lord, thou hast so graciously forgiven us ... may we therefore be forgiving of others as well.


                                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




It's perhaps the "strangest" petition in the whole prayer, the "Lord's Prayer."

Father ... "lead us not into temptation."

As a student of Scripture one would quickly remember the words of James here.  "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man."  James 1:13

God never has and never will "allure" a man or woman to sin!  He just does not entice anyone into iniquity.

He is a Holy God Who is ... "of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity."  That's according to Habakkuk 1:13.

Then, what does Jesus mean when He commands us to pray certain "temptations" our of our lives?

"Lead us not into temptation."

Let me try to explain it this way.

When a "test" or a "trial" comes into a Believers' life, he or she must realize the potential for such an event.  The Devil would like that trial to cause the Christian to stumble, to sin, to fail, to dishonor God!  Then the trial would have to be classified as a "temptation" to sin!

But God would desire that same trial to cause the Christian to become stronger and bolder in his faith and purer in his life and closer to the Holy Spirit too! Then that trial would have become a "test" to reveal deepening character and maturing faith in our Lord!

The noun Jesus used for "temptation" here is "peirasmos" and means an opportunity to "prove" oneself strong in the Lord!  Without the "exam" ... you can't make a good grade!  No test ... no approval!  (The root verb here is "peiro" and means "to pierce" through something!  A "test" from God is a spiritual biopsy ... revealing what we're really made of spiritually!)

Therefore such "temptations" are opportunities to either "pass" or "fail" in our Father's most recent training program!

Having said that, we must realize that God is in final and full control of every area of our lives.  He even guides our steps day by day.  And, being Almighty, He can certainly direct us away from spiritually dangerous places and treacherous circumstances!

The verb for "lead" us not into temptation, "eisphero," literally means "to carry someone into" a certain situation!  It's subjunctive in mood too, suggesting that it is Jesus' longing and desire that we should not face sinfully inviting circumstances!

Here I believe one may say:  It's good to face temptation and not yield!  But, it's better not to even have to face it in the first place!

"Lead us not into temptation."

Today we do not have the fear of sin that we so badly need to live holy lives.

I wish David had prayed one day, "Lord keep me off the roof tonight!  Let me not see anything that would lure me to sin." 

In a way the Psalmist catches the essence of Jesus' teaching when he prays to the Lord:  "For Thou art my Rock and my Fortress; therefore for thy name's sake lead me, and guide me."


                                                                         --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Jesus taught us to ask our Heavenly Father to "deliver us from evil."  Matthew 6:13

This is a critical part of what we often call "The Model Prayer."

The verb "deliver" translates "ruomai" in Greek and means "to rescue!" 

Using this same word "root," Paul calls Jesus "the Deliverer" in Romans 11:26.

He knows how to deliver His own from sin!

And Peter, using "Lord's Prayer" language, writes "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations."  Yes!

I am going to go so far as this:  The Lord can restrain a man from sinning!  Look at what He says to the heathen king Abimelech, who was about to sexually "touch" Sarah the wife of Abraham:  "And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her."  I have capitalized the words I want you to notice!  (Genesis 20:6) God here literally just put the brakes on a man's potential lust!

That kind of God can surely "deliver us from evil!"

And the Psalmist, speaking directly to our Lord God, provides another example:  "Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath shalt Thou restrain."  Psalm 76:10

God can restrain sin!

Jesus' heart longs for our victory over evil.  He prayed so in His longest recorded season of intercession, John 17.  "I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil." 

If Jesus prayed that for us ... it is certainly logical that we should pray it for ourselves too!

Every day ... our sincere prayer should rise ... "Lord, today guide me around any evil that might be waiting just ahead!  Rescue me from such ungodliness I pray!"

And then lastly, the word "evil" here is "poneros."  It specifically means "active" wickedness!  Sin that is on the rampage ... spreading wildly and infecting and poisoning the hearts and lives of men and women across the earth.

Christian friend, from such turn away!

Many who have fallen into grievous sin just might have been able to avoid it all ... if ... just if ... they had prayed!

"Our Father Which art in Heaven ... lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil!"

He will!

                                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Have you ever noticed that the two New Testament accounts of "The Lord's Prayer" differ slightly?

Especially is the difference seen in their closing words.

Matthew records Jesus as ending with these words:  "And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."

While Luke only has ... "And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil." 

Of course both accounts give the true essence of the prayer.  Neither omits any petition or request that Jesus taught us to use.

So ... are those closing words that important?


Matthew, in carefully supplying us with the closing benediction, has no doubt followed the Lord's direct Will.  "For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."  Matthew 6:13

The opening word "for" (in Greek = "hoti") is expressed in the King James Version as "because" 173 times!

Lord, Our Father in Heaven ... Thy Kingdom come, Thy Will be done, give us daily bread, forgive us our sins, lead us not into temptation, deliver us from evil ... BECAUSE ... "Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."

These word give further impetus to the whole Prayer!

They explain the power behind it!

Why are we able to sincerely pray "Thy Kingdom come?"

Because His is the Kingdom!  We are just asking the Lord to claim His Own possession, His Own Kingdom!  "Thine is the Kingdom!"

But how can we pray asking Him to feed us (and all the countless other Believers on earth) "our daily bread?"

Because His is the Power too!  "Thine is the Power!"  He is the all-powerful or onmipotent God! 

And how can we possible beg that His Name be hallowed, reverenced and worshipped really?

Because His is the glory!  He is God!  He is worthy!  "Thine is the Glory!"

It looks to me like these final words load us with further ammunition, further promises, further reasons ... to pray the Model Prayer more effectively!

Praise be to God!

When Job, that exceedingly godly man of Old Testament days, prayed to God he used "arguments" to help move the Hand of God!  "Oh that I knew where I might find Him! that I might come even to His Seat!  I would order my cause before Him, and fill my mouth with arguments. I would know the words which He would answer me, and understand what He would say unto me."   Job 23:3-5

Truly Jesus closed His "Model Prayer" by giving us three of the very best "arguments" one could ever employ in the great ministry of intercession!

Use them!

What can't God do?

Since He is the King of Kings, the Owner of the Kingdom!

"For Thine is the Kingdom."

What can't God give?

Since He possesses all power!

"For Thine is the Power!"

Why can't God be worshipped and exalted to the Highest, His Name being hallowed?

Since, after all, He is Possessor of all Glory!

"For Thine is the Glory!"

What a great three-fold closing to this perfect prayer!

"Prefect," Preacher Bagwell?

Yes, we have a Perfect Saviour ... One Who could only teach a perfect Prayer!

A perfect Prayer that ends with its own powerful reasons for every request to be honored!



That's how the Prayer ends too!


The word means Truth!

Let it be so, Almighty God!                                                              

                                                                         --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




"For ever!" 

The Lord's Prayer ends with those words!

"For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."  Matthew 6:13

In Greek that's "eis tous aionas."

It means "into the ages."

Never ending!

God's Kingdom is eternal!

His Power is everlasting!

And His Glory is perpetual!

Eternality is His Nature!

This prayer actually closes pleading the attributes of Almighty God!

God, could you grant these requests ...

          ... because Thou art the King of all the kingdoms!

          ... because Thou hast all power!  Thou art omniscient!

          ... and because thou art the Possessor of all Glory, Glory in the highest!


By pleading God's very essence in prayer, Jesus has taught us to follow the most powerful Old Testament intercessors too!

Abraham pled for Sodom (50 righteous souls ... all the way down to 10 righteous souls) based on God's righteousness!  "That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?"   Genesis 18:25

And in Exodus 32:1-14 Moses prayerfully persuaded God not to smite the rebellious idolatrous nation of Israel due to the Honor of His Great Name!  "And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever."  Wow!  Then ... "The LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people."  Moses pled the faithfulness of God to His precious Word!

And after the defeat at Ai, Joshua in prayer reminded the Lord, "For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear of it, and shall environ us round, and cut off our name from the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy great name?"  See!  He's pleading God's Good Name and His glorious character!  Joshua 7:9

Learn the Traits, the Attributes, the Character of God!

Then plead His Essence in prayer!

That's what Jesus taught us to do right here!

Plead His Royalty!

Plead His Power!

Plead His Glory!

"Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full."  Jesus said this in John 16:24


                                                                                --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




We've been studying "The Lord's Prayer."

I just noticed how it begins ...and ends!

It starts with this request: "Hallowed be thy Name!"  That petition contains a bit of praise to God!

It ends with "Thine is the Kingdom and the Power and the Glory for ever!" And those words are pure praise for sure!

Get it?

It begins and ends with ... praise!

Praise to God!

Praise invites God's Presence!

He inhabits our praises!

The Psalmist said so! 

"But Thou art holy, O Thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel."  Psalm 22:3

It's called "inclusio" when a Passage begins and ends with the same thought!

Well, the Lord's Prayer incorporates "inclusio" then!

Maybe that's how we should pray too!

I'll say it this way.  There's just no doubt about it either!

Praise empowers our prayers!

Remember that folks!

                                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Jesus ended "The Lord's Prayer" with one word!


That's all, "amen!"

It is a Greek word as Jesus spoke it, spelled exactly as it is in English, "amen."

But the Greeks "borrowed" it from the Jews!

It's the Hebrew word for "truth!"

In Hebrew it is spelled "amen" as well!

It signified that which is faithful!

That which is stable!

That which is reliable!

And this very word undergirds the whole Lord's Prayer!

God's precious Name being Hallowed ... His Kingdom coming ... His Will being done ... His "daily bread" being given ... His Sacrifice on Calvary providing forgiveness ... and His power leading us away from evil ... all are viable requests BECAUSE they rest on the Veracity (the Truth) of Almighty God!

After all HIS is the Kingdom and the Power and the Glory ... for ever!


This beautiful "amen" serves as the foundation for the whole Prayer!

It, with all its petitions, rests upon God's unwavering "amen," His very Truth!

Glory to His Name!

                                                                                --- Dr. Mike Bagwell






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