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 ISAIAH 14:12-19

The Fall Of Satan


Thankfully, the Bible prophesies the demise of Satan!

While we study these verses, do remember that Jesus Himself both read and studied this Text, Isaiah being one of His favorite Books of Scripture. Our Lord also quoted a part of its opening verse!


"How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms; that made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners? All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house. But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet." Isaiah 14:12-19



I've been thinking about this Bible Text that describes the devil, especially his final downfall!

Satan is the arch-enemy of our Lord Jesus Christ, therefore all Jesus' children too!

Isaiah, in chapter fourteen of his great prophecy, describes the devil in some detail, especially his coming judgment.

And Jesus, part of the time quoting Isaiah, did battle with the devil again and again.

Read this New Testament verse.

"For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil." 1st John 3:8

The verb "was manifested" translates "phaneroo" and means "to reveal, to show, to make plain or evident."

Jesus came to earth, born of a Virgin, to be manifested as the dear Son of God! Then to accomplish salvation for sinners.

"Phaneroo" hints a full revelation! Like a bright and then steady flash of light ... so was the revelation of Jesus when He came to this earth. "Flashbulb bright," I sometimes say!

Jesus came and preached and healed and encouraged again and again during His earthly days two thousand years ago. His Ministry proved His identity! He therein was "manifested."

"Phaneroo" is also a passive verb, passive voice I mean. Jesus did not manifest Himself! The Father manifested the Son!

But, why did Jesus come?

"That he might destroy the works of the devil."

The pronoun "that," in Greek "hina," introduces a "purpose clause." The Holy Spirit will empower Jesus and aid His accomplishing this noble and essential goal.

The verb "destroy" is "luo" in Greek and means "to untie, to set free or to break up" something or someone!

Once Jesus does this, Satan's works will not be "binding" on God's people. The devil will have been rendered ineffective. Judged and cast into eternal fire! The Old Testament Prophet Micah once called the coming Messiah, Jesus, "The Breaker!" Now we know what, really whom, the Lord is going to "break and crush and ruin!"

"Works," the noun spelled "ergon," is the common word for labour. In it you can almost see our word "energy!"

And "devil," in Greek "diabolos," means one who throws ("ballo") through ("dia") all Believers words of scorn and doubt and accusation!

Yes, Jesus came to defeat the devil by means of the old rugged Cross and the precious Blood shed there.

Therefore, I certainly believe that it's proper and fitting and spiritually wise to remind folks occasionally about the devil's soon coming defeat!

Defeat at the Hands of the Lord Jesus Christ, our Saviour! The One Whom Moses in Exodus 15:3 also called "a Man of war!"


                                                                                --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Isaiah was preaching! And what a great Preacher he was!

His Text focused on the King of Babylon, a wicked man indeed!

He had been instructed to take up a "proverb" against the ungodly King, predicting his downfall.

But something strange happened in the middle of Isaiah's sermon!

His subject somehow "shifted" to a higher level, from the literal King of Babylon to the Devil who had motivated that King!

That's when we read verse fourteen of our Text.

"How art thou fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!" Isaiah 14:12

The first section of this address to Babylon's King was framed in the third person ... "How hath the oppressor ceased!"

But now, we shift to the second person ... "How art thou fallen from heaven!"

But, more than that, a greater personality is being hailed now, "Lucifer."

That name means "light-bearer." It's spelled "heylel" in Hebrew.

But this is much more than another name for a human king!

The Devil himself is now in view.

Perhaps we could say, still being "true" to the Word of God, that the King of Babylon is a Type, a Bible emblem, a sort of forerunner of the Devil, the "Anointed Cherub" of Isaiah chapter twenty-eight.

Anyway, based on Jesus' Own interpretation of Isaiah 14:12 here, "Lucifer" is none other than the Accuser of the Brethren. Jesus, in Luke 10:18, exclaimed: "I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven." This is an obvious quote, or at least a clear allusion, to this verse!

This Satanic "fall" is either Lucifer's first expulsion from Heaven, at the time of his original sin ... or his future expulsion when he is evicted permanently from Glory, described in Revelation chapter twelve.

The verb "art fallen" is "naphal" and means "to be overthrown" or "to be cast out!" It's being a "perfect" verb leads me to believe that the exact event in Satan's reign being depicted here is his initial fall, his first dramatic deportation from Heaven! Due to sin!

"Son of the morning" translates "ben shachar." That's literally "a male child of the dawn." Maybe this name is assigned the Devil because of his "brightness," as is his name Lucifer!

There is reasonable evidence that he may have been the most powerful angel in all of Heaven, before his rebellion that is.

"Cut down" is "gada" and means something like "to chop, to hew, to sunder!" Here our passive verb shows that judgment from God has fallen on Satan!

These things being so, it appears that the Devil has been defeated since his very beginning as the enemy of God! Since his original coup attempt against the Almighty!

The noun "ground" is "eretzs" and just means the earth.

The devil's work on the world's nations is interesting! He "weakened" them. "Chalash" means "to disable, to discomfit, to cause to waste away or to make prostrate!"

The word for "nations" indicates Gentiles mostly, "goy." Although it is common Biblical knowledge that the Devil hates Israel with a passion!

This verse, along with its context, is nearly a "taunt" against Satan! It's an example of "holy sarcasm!" By the way, "sarcasm" is derived from a Greek background that means "to strip off someone's flesh!"

The devil, a defeated enemy!

Jesus, The Victor!

Praise the Lord!

                                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




There are five of them!

Often called the five "I wills" of Satan by old fashioned Bible-believing Preachers and Teachers of God's Word.

They are incorporated into Isaiah's great fourteenth chapter.

And they, I believe, come as close to showing us the real heart of the Devil as any Passage in the Bible!

Here is Isaiah 14:13.

It begins the list.

"For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north."

The time sense of the verb "amar," to "say," is "perfect." That means the action is complete, finished. The devil's goal has been stated and, apparently, has not changed!

He has not issued a correction on his life purpose!

He wants to invade Heaven and establish residence there, permanently! "I will ascend" translates "alah" and means "to go up" or "to climb" or "be exalted!" The time sense here is different than that of "amar" earlier. This is "imperfect," suggesting action that is not complete. It's on-going, continual! The Devil still wants to raid Heaven!

Jesus ascended ... legally and with God the Father's approval!

The Devil longs to do so as well ... but his move would be illegal!

Then Satan wishes to "exalt" his throne above God's! This verb is "rum" and means "to raise up high, to set in place, to extol or lift up!" The only other use of this exact verb in the Bible is Isaiah 49:22 where Almighty God "sets up" His standard or banner or flag for His people! However, do understand that in all its forms "rum" appears nearly 200 times in the Old Testament. The first of those is Genesis 7:17 where the Ark of Noah is "lifted up" above the earth by the flood waters.

The Devil has a "throne" too! "Kisse" means just that, a seat or stool or throne, usually one of honor! God has a Throne too, the universal center of Power and Authority!

The noun "stars" is "kokab" in Hebrew and all 37 times it appears in the Word of God it's literally translated "stars" or something very closely associated with them. However it is sometimes applied metaphorically to other things, luminaries of one kind or another. In Numbers 24:17 Balaam prophesies about Jesus the Messiah, calling Him the "Star" that will come out of Jacob! The stars may be emblematic of God's creation too! Here, during Creation week, is the first use of the word Biblically: "He made the stars also." Genesis 1:16

The Name of God here, directly quoted from Satan's lips, is "El." That specifically accents our Father's Power, His great omnipotence! The Mighty One!

It looks like the Devil wants God's Power ... not necessarily His Goodness!

Then, for the third time, another "I will" flows from Lucifer's heart. He now will "sit" on God's Mount! There is progression in his three verbs so far: ascend, exalt and now sit! A rebellion is under way! A coup is in progress!

"Yashab," or "sit" is framed as another case of durative action. The Devil wants to abide in God's House! Permanent residence, you see!

The "mount," in Hebrew "har," means the highest point, the place of superiority or greatest authority!

And "congregation" here does not just mean people or a throng of people. It means a Meeting Place! An appointed place for a convocation! In the King James Bible "moed" is translated as "feast" 23 times, "assembly" 4 times, "appointed" 12 times and even "synagogue" 1 time. That last one is Psalm 74:8. "They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together, they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land."

The Devil wants to be the head of God's synagogues! God's Churches! God's places of assembly and worship!

The "sides" of the north, "yerekah," means the borders or coasts or flanks or recesses of a thing. Sounds like the Devil has "backed up" a bit already! Retreated some! He will settle, if need be, for just "part" of God's Congregation!

In reality he will get not an inch!

Not one soul!

And for some Bible reason the "north," to Isaiah "tzsaphon," indicates a direction of the compass. However twice it is rendered as "north wind" in Scripture! See Song of Solomon 4:16 for a prime example. The north wind often implies the bitterly cold experiences of life, the hard times! Oh, how the Devil would ... and yet to this day tries ... to control these times in a Believer's life! Tragic heart-rending situations can be devastating without the Presence of God the Holy Spirit to guide us!

This exact string of words, "the sides of the north," exists only one other place in the whole Bible. In Psalm 48:2 Jerusalem, Mount Zion, exists "on the sides of the north" and is very beautiful!

Here is the Devils bare intent again! He wants to oversee and dominate the city of God, especially its Sanctuary!

Three "I wills" so far ... two more to study!

Each has represented the Devil's desire to usurp God's very Place!

It will never happen!

                                                                         --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




I believe there is a literal Devil.

Scripture does not present him as merely an influence or a principle of evil, but an actual personality.

An angel, nonetheless!

A fallen angel.

According to Ezekiel 28 he once was a "cherub!"

That's a very "high ranking" angel!

But this Lucifer creature somehow developed thoughts of rebellion, rebellion against almighty God!

Is not all rebellion ultimately against God? 1st Samuel 15:23 precisely says: "For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft."

Today's verse, Isaiah 14:14, tells us two of Satan's "goals" in attempting to overthrow the Lord!

His exact words: "I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High."

This is twice the Devil has wished to ascend to Glory! In Isaiah 14:13, one verse earlier, he longs to "ascend into Heaven and exalt his throne above the stars of God."

"Alah" here, the verb for this ascent, is framed as an "imperfect," indicating that the desire to ascend and be like God was an ever-present one with the Devil. Maybe he still craves for that honor!

If fact, if we read Ezekiel 28 rightly, Lucifer once inhabited Heaven. In another of Scripture's typological sections, the Prophet begins talking about the King of Tyre ... but soon is focusing on someone more than human! Listen to him as he addresses the Devil: "Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. Thou hast been in the Garden of Eden. Thou art the anointed Cherub that covereth (guardeth, overshadoweth, defendeth). Thou was upon the holy mountain of God. Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. Thou hast sinned. Therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee."

Kicked out of Heaven!


This expelled Satan wants readmission to Heaven!

But not just access to Heaven, he wants rulership or authority!

The "heights" Lucifer mentions, spelled "bamah" in Hebrew, depicts a platform or high place where official acts are performed, things like reviewing the troops or judging the people! It is actually the word "bema" that Paul incorporates into his preaching on the Judgment Seat of Christ! Ten times in the New Testament "judgment seat" translates "bema!"

The Devil wants an administrative role in Heaven!

He wants to be a judge, maybe the judge, an overseer!

But those tasks have been given to the darling Son of God, the Lord Jesus Christ! John 5:22 tells us that. "For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son."

The noun for "clouds" is "ab" and suggests darkness and thickness in regard to the clouds, perhaps as places of refuge and protection or even exclusiveness!

We are likely today having some Scriptural insights into the personality of the Deceiver himself!

"I will be like the Most High" he continues.

What resolve!

What audacity!

"I will be like," one word in Hebrew ... "damah," means to resemble or be similar in likeness. It is an intensive verb here, a Piel stem, and reflects the Devil's determination! He's not a quitter.

But watch the Name of God the Wicked One emulates.

"The Most High!"

"Elyon" is an absolute singular masculine adjective! Look what Bible doctrine can be gleaned from a single inspired adjective! God is one of a Kind! God is never changing! God is a man, not a woman! The exact word means something like "the highest of the high!" None like Him! Supreme! Superlative! Unexcelled!

It is this HIGH God the Devil wishes to overthrow!

He is reading God through his own lens too!

The fallen angel who wants exaltation notices the God Who is absolutely exalted!

This too is strange. The Devil does not focus on God as Jehovah, or God as Lord, or even God as Father or Provider! Or again God as Warrior! Just God the most High!

One's desires are perhaps the greatest indicator of one's personality!

Anyway, these obsessions of the devil will all come to naught!

Both of them in today's verse and the three from the previous verse.

All ... denied!

Praise the Lord!

God is still on His Throne!

He is still unequalled!

He is altogether the God of Scripture!


Eternally so!

Praise His Name!

                                                                              --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




I love the boldness of the Bible!

Let me rephrase. I particularly love the boldness of Jesus!

One day the Pharisees told our Lord, "Get Thee out and depart hence: for Herod will kill Thee."

Listen to Jesus' reply, noticing His boldness! "Go ye, and thee that fox, Behold I cast out devils, and I do cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected." Luke 13:32

Jesus had no fear! He was not leaving until He was ready!

In Isaiah 50, while prophesying of Jesus' ordeal on the Cross, our Lord says: "Who will contend with me? Let us stand together. Who is Mine adversary? Let him come near to Me. Behold, the Lord God will help Me. Who is he that shall condemn Me? Lo, they all shall way old as a garment, the moth shall eat them up." This, in Isaiah 50:8-9, is a direct challenge to Satan!

Therefore, going to the Cross, Jesus could say: "I gave My back to the smiters, and My cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. For the Lord God will help Me; therefore I shall not be confounded: therefore I have set My face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed." Jesus did not run from the Cross! He resolutely marched toward the Cross, having set His Face "hard as a rock!" Isaiah 50:6-7

Let us pause and worship!

What a Saviour!

But, Brother Bagwell, how does this link with today's verse, Isaiah 14:15?

The Lord, talking directly to Satan now, to Lucifer, says: "Thou shalt be brought down to Hell, to the sides of the pit."

Again I say, what majestic boldness!

And this is a promise ... from God to the Devil! "Thou shalt be brought down to Hell, to the sides of the pit." 

"Shalt be brought down," all four words being a single verb in Hebrew, is framed in the rather unusual "Hophal" stem. This is the passive voice of a causative stem verb, "yarad." It means this: "to be made to descend, to be made to sink down, to be taken down, to be subdued or even to be sunk!"

A Hophal verb, being the passive of the Hiphil stem, demands that "cause" be read into the meaning also. There exists a cause, a reason, a purpose in the Devil's downfall!



Hatred to God!

God here is the "Bringer-Down" also!

No, I did not just invent a word!

In Psalm 3:3 this same Lord is the "Lifter-up" of our heads, our Encourager and Strengthener! "But Thou O Lord, art a Shield for me; my Glory, and the Lifter up of mine head."

But what is the Satan's destination?

"Hell" translates "sheol." In the King James Bible it 31 timers means "grave," then 31 more times it means "hell," then 3 times yet again it means "pit!"

Thankfully we have help here determining the exact nuance of meaning. A parallel noun is used in the last half of our verse. "Yet thou shalt be brought down to HELL, to the sides of the PIT."


Whatever Hell means here, pit is its synonym!

And "pit" is "bor" in Hebrew, meaning a cistern or a dungeon or a pit. This does not appear to me to be talking about a mere grave! People are not normally buried in dungeons! Or cisterns, big water pots! Or their dead bodies thrown in pits either!

This "hell" then "pit" structure surely points to a place of eternal fire! To a place of endless torment!

It directs out attention to Hell itself, Hell as Jesus taught it, Hell as the Bible so clearly depicts!

A literal Hell!

The Devil is going to some day, by the power of Almighty God, be cast into Hell fire and brimstone!

Technically, here it happens: "And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever." Revelation 20:10

And do notice that the Devil is not even going to reside in the "center" of Hell! He will not even be the main attraction! Perhaps no one much will even notice him any longer! That will so grieve Satan, who longs for attention and adoration and even worship! Neglected, in the "sides" of Hell forevermore!

Not the "center," the "sides!"

"Yerekah," the noun for "sides" here, means the "flanks" of something, its borders or coasts!" Hardly Main Street!

Yes, even the devil will be a "nobody" in Hell!

He will not eternally occupy some Presidential Palace, ruling over the tormented! He will be weeping and wailing and gnashing his teeth too!

This a a bold prognosis!

But a true one!

Thank the Lord!

The Lord Who still "doeth all things well," just like Mark 7:37 says!

                                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




It's hard to tell exactly when Isaiah shifts his attention from the King of Babylon to Lucifer then back to the King again! I am speaking in the context of Isaiah 14 of course.

Verse 4: "Take up this proverb against the King of Babylon."

But by verse 12: "How art thou fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!"

Yet at least by verse 21 or so we are back to the human King, wicked as he is. "Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers."

But we are safe, I believe, in still applying verses 16-19 to Satan.

For example, of what earthly ruler could it be said that he "made the earth to tremble?" Or that he "did shake kingdoms?"

Yet the Devil is said to do such things in Isaiah 14:16. "They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms?"

Some day Satan will become a mere spectacle to the world!

The verb "see" translates "raah" and means to look carefully, even to inspect something or someone. It's a present participle here.

To "narrowly look," one word in Hebrew, "shagach," means to stare or to intently gaze at someone! The time sense here is that of continuous action, something habitual!

To "consider" is "biyn" in Hebrew and is the standard word "to discern, to understand," or to see layers of meaning in a situation! More on-going action!

Now just as Jesus is "the Son of man," so the devil here is termed a "man." In Hebrew "iysh" pictures not only the male as opposed to the female, but also man as a frail mortal! The noun that accents man's dignity is "adam."

But when did Satan make the earth "tremble?" Yes, "ragaz" means to quiver or to quake. God is said to make the earth so tremble, "ragaz" again, in Job 9:6. One translation of "ragaz" in the King James Version is "to be afraid," Exodus 15:14. The Devil thrives on fear. It's one of his main weapons! The action here insinuates years upon years of trembling too!

To "shake" kingdoms or nations or countries is awesome too! This verb, "raash," means "to quake" or "to be moved" or "to undulate." Again we have durative action in this verb also. Haggai 2:6 identifies God as the One Who will some day "shake" the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land and ultimately all the nations!

It still appears that Lucifer is try to mimic God in both person and work!

Of course these two questions are directed at the once illustrious Devil!

Hey, Devil ... "They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms?"

Is this him?

What a surprise!

And the Deceiver here, Lucifer himself, will not enjoy the shame of the multitudes!

Once, in 1st Corinthians 4:13, Paul wrote that we Christians are "the  offscouring" of the world!

But really, it sounds like some day the very opposite will be true. The Devil will become the offscouring! The embarrassed one! The defeated foe!

Praise the Lord!

                                                                             --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Based partly upon Isaiah's use of two distinct verbs, "tremble" and "shake," we believe the Devil is still being described.

Read it with me. "Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms?"

Think how Lucifer "shook" Egypt during the days of the plagues! Pharaoh's Satanically induced greed and blatant hatred for the chosen people of God precipitated all those national calamities! Sin, even national sin, has consequences!

Then remember the prophecies of Jesus, and then later those of John the Disciple on the Isle of Patmos, prophecies about future earth-quakes that will grip this planet, a trembling earth! All because of the rebellion and wickedness of the anti-christ and Satan backing him!

In Isaiah 14:17 three more traits of the Devil are mentioned. A sort of history of his deeds. "That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?"

The noun for "world" here is different. It's not "eretzs," the land or dirt or soil as earth. It's "tebel" and carries the idea of the habitable parts of the earth! Where people live!

That vast area the devil ruined, making it "as a wilderness." The noun "midbar" means a desert, dry and barren! An uninhabitable area of real estate! Had sin not entered the picture, had Adam and Eve never listened to the "Father of Lies," it's quite likely that no deserts would exist today! No frozen continents either! Or violent weather! I often wonder if even the so-called "highs" and "lows" of weather forecasting might not be emblems of right and wrong! "Highs" bringing good weather and "lows" bringing bad, at least in our hemisphere.

Lucifer is also guilty of something else. God, who initially promoted rural life, farming and herding for example, discouraged city life. The Tower of Babel, the center of a teeming metropolis of iniquity, was thwarted by the Lord, the people being scattered everywhere! Yet man continued to congregate! City life he would have! There wickedness could more easily prevail! Even so, Satan "destroyed the cities" of earth! The verb "haras" means "to ruin or to break down or overthrow!" The noun "cities" is spelled "iyr" and means a place "guarded" or walked around" by a sentry, a watchman! And just as one would suspect, this verb is used often of God the Father's wrath against sin! It seems the devil is only interested in copying God, cheap mimicry! See Lamentations 2:2 and 17 for the only other times this exact verb form is used in Scripture. If one suspends the "exact" requirement and is willing to accept the verb stem in any form, Exodus15:7 pops into view! But it's still God "overthrowing" Israel's enemies!

And the Devil, so unlike God here, will not release the captives! No one in all history has, or ever will, escape Hell with its fire and brimstone and eternal suffering! The verb "openeth" is "pathach" and means to "loose" or to "set forth" in liberty!

Jesus came to redeem us, setting us free from the prison house of sin!  The Devil does the very opposite, still on a cosmic level however!

"Prisoners" represents "asiyr" and means captives in this sense, men bound in chains! Here's what the Lord does to the Devil's captives, those who get "saved." Psalm 107:14 tells us that "He brought them out of the darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder."

Yes, I am convinced!

Of the Lord's leading too!

These verse still describe Lucifer!

What an evil uncaring character he is!

Our defeated foe!

                                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Isaiah was a Preacher to the nations!

His "national" list would have included Babylon too!

But in his great fourteenth chapter, the Prophet goes beyond even his own vast range. There his sermon concerns not only the King of Babylon but someone even more powerful, Lucifer himself!

Bold enough to discuss the Devil's final state, Isaiah compares him to the kings of earth.

Look with me.

"All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house. But thou art cast out of thy grave ...." Isaiah 14:18-19

The noun "nations," in Hebrew "goy," usually implies non-Israelite peoples. In fact, 143 times in the King James Bible it is translated "heathen" and 30 more times "Gentiles."

The verb "lie" translates "shakab" and means anything from sleeping to sexual relations to mere relaxation. But here obviously death is in view, "to lie" in one's casket!

The wealthy kings of earth die and are buried in great honor and dignity. "Glory" is the word Isaiah uses. "Kabod" means that which is filled with splendor or reputation or even reverence.

The apparent pronoun "one" really is the word "iysh," the Hebrew noun meaning man or husband, but in the frail mortal sense.

Each King will be buried in his own place, his own "house," with great respect from all future generations being assumed. Just think of the pyramids of Egypt, fancy tombs indeed!

But ... Isaiah quickly adds, speaking to the Devil, to Lucifer ... "But thou art cast out of thy grave." Isaiah 14:19

This is interesting!

"Cast out," the verb, translates "shalak" and means hurled or flung or thrown! This verb is passive, a Hophel in Hebrew, indicating God's Hand in the matter! God has literally kicked the devil out of the grave! He is denied burial! This is one of the greatest insults imaginable to the ancient Hebrew mind.

And the noun "grave" is " qeber" and means a burying place. That's a sepulchre. Using this noun in its very same form God is said to "make the grave" of the wicked Assyrians. See Nahum 1:14.

Therefore, contrasting his supernatural subject, Satan, with the kings of humanity, Isaiah has now considered their latter ends respectively.

Earth's kings ... gravesites!

Lucifer ... none!

Earth's kings ... honor at burial!

Lucifer ... none!

Earth's kings ... a perpetual place in history, one of dignity!

Lucifer ... none!

Earth's kings ... a special resting place!

Lucifer ... none!

Earth's kings ... fame!

Lucifer ... disgust!

I am here reminded of something James said about Job the Patriarch. With Job, the "end" of the Lord proved to be gracious! "Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord,; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy." James 5:11

Well, even the Lord Himself said this in Job 42:12. "So the Lord blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning."

Job's end was full and fruitful! God kept His promise. "Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock corn cometh in in his season." Job 5:26

Even Job ... esteemed in life and death!

Lucifer ... not so!

Balaam, that compromising prophet, could truthfully pray: "Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his." Numbers 23:10

I am saying this. Quite unlike the godly man and woman ... Satan just will not have a good ending!

And just in case there's still any doubt ... come study more with us tomorrow!

This thing gets graphic!

                                                                             --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




We have been studying the fall of Satan.

Initially using the wicked King of Babylon as a "type" or symbol or emblem of the Devil, Isaiah the Prophet eventually begins to teach us about Lucifer himself!

And while admittedly a few places in the Isaiah chapter 14 Text are hard to discern, it's pretty evident that the Devil meets a terrible "end," eternal judgment from the Hand of God.

Satan will be "like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stone of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet." Isaiah 14:19

One reason I believe this is still the Devil; as in verse twelve's "How art thou fallen from Heaven, O Lucifer;" is the use of the name "branch."

"Netzser" just means a sprout or shoot from a tree trunk and is only found a total of four times in Scripture, each being translated as "branch." However the significant thing is that Branch, as a Title of respect, is used of the Messiah, of our Lord Jesus Christ!

For example, "And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots; and the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him ...." Yes, Isaiah 11:1 is clearly talking about a Person!

The Devil always wants to be like Jesus, copying and mimicking Him again and again!

Well, now he gets his way! At the end!

But instead of an honorable Branch as Jesus is, Lucifer is an "abominable" branch! "Taab" means "detested or hated or abhorred."

And the noun "raiment" translates "lebush" and of course means one's clothing or apparel. The verb "slain" is a participle, "harag," and indicates one who was murdered or killed or destroyed. It's a violent term! Looks like the Devil has more than met his Match! He met the Conqueror, the Breaker, the Man of War, all Titles of our Lord!

But now we are told the exact cause of Satan's demise, by "sword!" Not by gunshot or poison or explosion, but by sword! "Thrust through" translates "taan" and is used only here in the Bible. It means "pierced." Ironically it's a participle too, suggesting a process rather than a single event! This "Sword" has worked against the Devil for thousands of years I suspect! "Chereb" in Hebrews not only means sword, but also knife or dagger or even axe or mattock! Any of these could be dangerous when used as a weapon! By the way, that's another way the Devil finally emulates Jesus, being "pierced!" The Bible surely has "holy" sarcasm!

Of course I am thinking of the final battle of the ages; when the Lord Jesus returning from Heaven, dressed in magnificent apparel, has a "sword" protruding from His Mouth! See Revelation 19:15. It's a picture of the powerful overcoming Word of God! That's how the Lord defeats Lucifer! He did so in the wilderness Temptation and will repeat the strategy at His Second Coming!

To "go down" is "yarad" again and means to descend or to fall or to sink! The "pit," in Hebrew "bor," is a synonym for Hell. Otherwise it just means well or cistern or dungeon, none of which adequately describes the Devil's eternal destination!

Only two other times can I locate the words "stone" or "stones" and "pit" in Scripture, Proverbs 26:27 and 2nd Samuel 18:17, where Absalom was buried in a pit with stones laid thereupon to seal its entrance! Hence, the term "stones of the pit" suggests that once Lucifer is cast into this pit, Hell itself, there is no way out!

The noun "carcase" means just what it says. "Peger" pictures a dead body, a corpse. Then "trodden under feet" is just one Hebrew verb, "bus," which basically means trampled. But in the King James Text it is once translated "loathed" and twice "polluted!" See Proverbs 27:7 for the "loatheth" reference.

Truly, the way of transgressors is hard, just like Proverbs 13:15 says. Apparently that includes Lucifer himself!


One more verse.

"Thanks be unto God, Which giveth us the Victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." 1st Corinthians 15:57


                                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




This is our final Lesson on the Prophet Isaiah's view of Lucifer, the Devil. Our Text has been Isaiah 14:12-19.

For at least these eight verses the Man of God has been tracing the Devil's "career." From his proud determination to overthrow Almighty God to his final judgment when God will cast him into the Lake of Fire and Brimstone ... Lucifer is described.

Over much of this inspired Text, the Devil is held in derision it seems!

Let's define that word. From a Latin background, to "deride" someone is to "to laugh," in Latin "ridere," then "down," the prefix "de." God here may actually be taunting Lucifer! Mocking him!

Especially notice again verses 16-19, written to the Devil. "They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms, that made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof, that opened not the house of his prisoners? All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house. But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit, as a carcase trodden under feet."

Pretty strong language!

Occasionally God does make light of the wicked!

Or mock false gods!

Back when Elijah the Prophet challenged the false prophets of Baal, in 1st Kings 18, with no answer from their man-made deity, Elijah mocked them! "Cry louder! Maybe he is busy talking! Or out hunting! Or on vacation! Then again, maybe Baal is just asleep! Wake him now!"

The Psalmist also uses such taunts in words like these: "Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes they have, but they see not: they have ears, but the hear not: noses they have, but they smell not: they have hands, but the handle not: they have feet, but they walk not. They that make them are like unto them; so is every one that trusteth in them." Psalm 115:4-8

Listen to God's promise to the wicked in Proverbs 1:24-27. "Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out My Hand, and no man regarded ... I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh."

Our dear Saviour, in Luke 10:18, thinking of Isaiah's 14th chapter no doubt, said: "I beheld Satan as lightning fall from Heaven."

Then Jesus immediately challenged His Disciples to go forth treading on serpents, symbols of Satan himself you see!

This is holy sarcasm!

Godly celebration over iniquity!

And its grand finale just might be in Heaven too!

John on Patmos writes that when the redeemed are gathered Home, immediately after the complete and final destruction of Babylon and the judgment of all the wicked ... the saved of all the ages say, "Alleluia; Salvation and glory and honour and power unto the Lord our God: for true and righteous are His judgments, for He hath judged the great whore. And again they say Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever." Then comes even more "Amen; Alleluia. Praise our God. Alleluia, for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth."  Revelation 19: 1-6

Victory over the Devil!

Victory for Jesus' sake!

Victory through the Blood of the Lamb!

Praise the Lord!

"And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever." Revelation 20:10


                                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell







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