LESSON 1 ... VERSE 1:
The first verse blazes the trail! The road
sign at its entrance ramp reads; "Israeli Parkway, Salvation
"For Zion's sake will I
not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest,
until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the
salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth." Isaiah
Many Biblical thinkers seem to believe this
is the Prophet speaking, Isaiah himself. On the other hand,
others equally as devout, see this as the Lord Himself speaking.
But, really, this chapter being divinely inspired, if One says
it, the other does too!
If it is Isaiah, what a prayer warrior he is!
Much like Paul who wrote, "Brethren, my
heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might
be saved." Then also, "I say the
truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me
witness in the Holy Ghost, that I have great heaviness and
continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were
accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to
the flesh: who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the
adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of
the law, and the service of God, and the promises; whose
are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh
Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever.
Amen." Romans 10:1 and 9:1-5 tell us that Paul was
willing to be eternally damned for the sake of the salvation of
"Zion," in Hebrew "tziyon," means "parched
place" literally. But geographically it refers to Israel
generally and can indicate Jerusalem more specifically, with the
Temple Mount being central to it all.
To "hold one's peace" translates "chashah,"
meaning "to be silent, quiet or inactive."
My computer just told me that "Jerusalem"
means "teaching of peace." It is used 643 times in Scripture.
The writer's lack of "rest," or "shaqat" in
Hebrew, means "to be still, idle or settled. The two verbs here
seem to be synonyms.
Here is true Hunger for Israel to be saved!
Expressing redemption in terms of light,
bright light, maybe even blinding light, he writes,
"until her righteousness thereof go forth
as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that
"Righteousness," really "tzsedeq," means "to
be correct or straight," here in a legal or judicial sense,
forensically. Without stain or fault before God! In New
Testament language, the state of having been "saved!"
"Go forth" translates "yatzsa" and means "to
exit, depart or proceed."
"Brightness" is "nogahh," used only 19 times
in Scripture! It means "shining, light or bright." Its verbal
root means "to shine."
Think of Paul's salvation experience, which
is prototypical, a pattern! "And as he
journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined
round about him a light from heaven: and he fell to the earth,
and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest
thou me? And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I
am Jesus ...." Acts 9:3-5
But the noun "salvation" is the thriller!
It's yesh-oo'-ah, accenting the second syllable. Spelled "yeshuah,"
it's the name of Jesus really! Or Joshua! The latter is a
deliverer and the Former is Our Saviour!
Here is a longing for the very salvation of
the whole Nation of Israel! An intense longing at that!
A "lamp" is a "lappiyd," a "torch." Twice in
the King James Text it's a "firebrand" and once it's
"lightning!" Pretty bright!
This Verse reflects the sentiment of Psalm
122:6. "Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:
they shall prosper that love thee."
How long has it been since YOU prayed for the
salvation of Israel? And what about ME too, have I interceded
for God's chosen people?
That's what our chapter, Isaiah 62, is
discussing; bright days ahead for Israel, ultimately!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 2, VERSE 2:
Either the Lord, or the Prophet Isaiah
himself, is addressing Israel the Nation.
"And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy
glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth
of the LORD shall name." Isaiah 62:2
The ultimate future of Israel is bright, very
The word for "Gentiles" is "goy" and means
"nations or peoples," almost always of non-Israelite background.
It may be derived from "gevah," the "back" of something, that
which is "behind!" One can see a tinge of Jewish supremacy here!
In God's Eyes Israel is His very delight! This term of
endearment is first found in Deuteronomy 32:10,
"He (the Lord) found him (Israel) in a desert land, and in the
waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him,
he kept him as the apple
of his eye." This lovely "string" is repeated four
more times in Scripture.
To "see" or "raah" in Hebrew is "to look at,
perceive, consider." After Israel is "saved," back in verse 1,
the nations of the world behold her in her beauty ... in her
God-given righteousness! The Bible talks about "the beauty of
holiness" four times, mostly in the Psalms.
The earth's "kings," in Hebrew the noun "melek,"
is derived from "malak," a verb meaning "to reign."
Also now justified and purified Israel's
"glory" is "kabod," meaning "honour." Its root idea is from "kabad,"
to be "heavy!" That which is heavy in one's estimate, valuable,
Here we see Gentiles nearly being envious of
Israel, that is, of her newfound good standing with God! Of
course, secular envy and hatred has existed from Gentile to Jew,
for shame, many many centuries now!
God originally intended Israel to be a
"light" to the Gentiles anyway! For example, Isaiah 60:3,
"And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the
brightness of thy rising."
Nowadays, Paul says, God is using Gentiles,
saved ones, to try to "provoke" Israel to believe in Jesus!
"I say then, Have they (Israelites)
stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather
through their fall (Israel) salvation is come unto the
Gentiles, for to provoke them (Israel again) to jealousy."
This "new name," with "chadash" meaning
"fresh" really, new in that sense, is not specifically given,
not yet! But it will be good! Recently a fairly well-known
liberation theology proponent, a liberal ecumenically, said
"Israel" was a "dirty word." God does not agree! Her new name
will be glorious and majestic! Twice in John's Isle-of-Patmos
Revelation the expression "new name" is used, alluding to our
Text no doubt.
But, here now, look at the affinity between
what God is going to do for Israel ... and what He has already
done for the Church! Notice carefully, the Nation of Israel and
the Body of Christ are indeed two different organisms! Be clear
about this fact please!
God has promised to some day save Israel,
giving her "righteousness! He has done the same for us!
"For he (God the Father) hath made him
(Jesus) to be sin for us, who (Jesus) knew no sin;
that we might be
made the righteousness of God in Him (Jesus again)."
2nd Corinthians 5:21
Add to that righteousness "glory!" Then
remember Paul's observation for us Believers in Jesus,
"Christ in you, the hope of glory."
And then comes this wonderful "new name,"
again bestowed both to Israel and to the members of His Church!
To the saints at Pergamos this promise is given, and then to all
overcomers, "To him that overcometh will I
give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white
stone, and in the stone
a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that
receiveth it." Revelation 2:17
Furthermore, Revelation 3:12,
"Him that overcometh will I make a pillar
in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will
write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of
my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of
heaven from my God: and
I will write upon him my new name."
We Christians owe so much to Israel!
It's about time we started saying "thanks."
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 3, VERSE 3:
From the Lord, through the Prophet Isaiah, to
Israel, God's chosen people: "Thou shalt
also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a royal
diadem in the hand of thy God." Isaiah 62:3
The Bible loves to talk about God's Hands!
Especially our being in His Hands! Listen to Jesus,
"My sheep hear my voice, and I know them,
and they follow me: and I give unto them eternal life; and they
shall never perish,
neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. My
Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and
no man is able to pluck
them out of my Father's hand. I and my Father are
one." John 10:27-30 clearly places us, as saved ones,
right in the center of God's Hands!
And Isaiah elsewhere says, still quoting God,
"Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms
of my hands." Isaiah 49:16 here uses the Hebrew
verb "chaqaq," meaning "to cut or inscribe or engrave!"
Talk about security!
The grand Day is coming when Israel herself
will be so established! "Thou shalt also
be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a royal diadem
in the hand of thy God."
The noun "crown" is spelled "atarah," from a
verbal background meaning "to surround" something. A crown
"surrounds" one's head, usually worn in honor and dignity! The
word is only used 26 times in the Bible, each occurrence being
rendered just as here, "crown" or "crowns."
But the word "glory" is a bit different! "Tipharah"
means "beauty or splendor," majestic adornment! In the King
James Bible it is also translated as "brave" and "excellent!"
The word "hand" is "yad," usually indicating
an "open" Hand! In other words, there's room for more names and
souls! God longs to save the wicked!
The adjective "royal" is "melukah." It is
directly borrowed from their word for "king!" That is, "melek."
And "diadem" translates "tzsaniyph," a
head-dress of some kind. Its root word means "to wind around, to
wrap around," obviously what one does to a turban or hood or
mitre worn upon the head. In the New Testament "stephanos"
indicates such a crown, especially one that is earned in
competition, athletically for example. While the Greek "diadema"
is a crown that is given because of what and who one is! Not
earned, but inherently deserved! Almost totally the Greek uses "stephanos"
in Scripture, but in Revelation 19:12 the word "crown" is
diadem! Jesus deserves it solely because of Who He is!
"His eyes were as a flame of fire,
and on his head were many
crowns; and he
had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself."
The names for God used in our verse, two of
them, are "Jehovah" and "Elohiym," collectively used 9,125 times
in the Bible! These obviously are His two main Old Testament
What future glory awaits converted Israel!
Especially in light of the suffering she has
endured through the ages!
But, just a minute dear Christian friends, we
too enjoy such blessings, crowns and such! Being in God's
Again I say it, should we (and we will not)
ignore the dispensational differences here and confuse Israel
and the Church ... it could nearly be said of us what is said of
them here! "Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of
the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God."
We, through Israel, have indeed been blessed!
And is that not exactly what God promised
Abraham long ago?
While familiar to you already, read again
Genesis 12:2-3. "Abram ... I will make of
thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name
great; and thou shalt be a blessing: and I will bless them that
bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee:
and in thee shall all
families of the earth be blessed." Indeed they
Israel, your future, after receiving Jesus
the Messiah, is bright indeed!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 4, VERSE 4:
Today's verse is really the most well-known verse in all of
Isaiah 62. What Christian has not used the term "Beulah" Land,
especially when talking about eternity?
"Thou shalt no more be
termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be termed
Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy land
Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be
married." Isaiah 62:4
Israel, due to her sins, has long been called
"forsaken." And, no, I am not anti-Semitic! I love the Jews! But
God has punished them, as he does all wayward nations. The
adjective "forsaken" is derived from a Hebrew verb, "azab." It
means "to leave, to loose, to depart," that kind of idea. Once
it's "to be destitute" in the King James Bible. Now make those
definitions passive. God has been forced to turn His Back on
Israel. She at times even begs Him "to lift up the Light of His
Countenance upon her" again. She is just not willing to repent!
Here's the over-all picture. "For a small
moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I
gather thee." So says the Lord in Isaiah 54:7
The verb "termed" is simply "amar," that is,
"spoken of" in such language. God and others have noticed and
talked about Israel's abandonment! This is true both times it's
used in our verse.
"Desolate" is "shemamah" in Hebrew, meaning
as a noun, "waste or devastation." Here is God's Leviticus 26
promise to Israel, warning really, if she consistently disobeys
His Commands: "And I will scatter you
among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your
land shall be desolate, and your cities waste."
Here is what was yet to come for Israel,
"Thy holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is
a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation." Isaiah
Yet, keep in mind, God will not fully destroy
His people! "For thus hath the LORD said,
The whole land shall be desolate; yet will I not make a
full end." Jeremiah 4:27
The verb "called" is "qara," meaning "to
loudly utter a sound!" This is a summons! It furthermore is
rendered "invited" 3 times in the King James Bible.
But, what is "Hephzibah?" Spelled "hephtzsiy"
plus "bah." It means "Delight," here God's Delight, is in "her!"
God will again be thrilled with His chosen people! They will be
His special treasure! "And they shall be
mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my
jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that
serveth him." Malachi 3:17
Then comes "Beulah!" It's spelled exactly
like this in the Masoretic Text too, the Hebrew basis for the
King James Bible, "Beulah." It's actually a generalized
derivative of the noun "baal!" It means "married, possessed,
ruled over!" God is their Lord, their Master!
Then again, as if for emphasis, we
immediately discover another "chaphetzs," a loose relative of "hephzibah"
really! God "delights" in Israel! He "takes pleasure" in Her! He
"favors" Her! He literally "desires" Her! Sounds like "Song of
Then that last verb appears, "married." It's
again "baal," just another hint of that "beulah" business!
The Holy Spirit has now re-emphasized,
re-named really, both main words in the verse, "Hephzibah" and
That shows great importance, extreme
And it's one beautiful jewel of Scripture!
And just like God loves Israel, through she
is separate and dispensationally must be kept so, He loves His
Bride the Church too!
We too are going to spend eternity married to
our great Bridegroom, the Lord Jesus Christ!
Israel here "mirrors" our future blessings
for sure! Or do we "mirror" hers?
Either way, God is good!
We have heard of the "end" of Job,
"So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job
more than his beginning," now consider the "end" of God's
gracious dealings with Israel! "Thou shalt
no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be
termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy
land Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee, and thy land shall
Pretty impressive, both Job 42:12 and Isaiah
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 5, VERSE 5:
This fifth Verse is amazing!
It takes a multi-dimensional view of God's
Blessings upon Israel, future blessings though they may be.
"For as a young
man marrieth a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee: and
as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so
shall thy God rejoice over thee."
First, the ideal metaphor for marriage is
here given, God's ideal! A "young man" marries a "virgin!" The
noun "young man" is "bachur," a gentleman of marriageable age.
This term is often aligned with young ladies who too are ready
for family life. Here is its "first mention" scenario:
"The sword without, and terror within,
shall destroy both the
young man and the
virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray
hairs." See the linkage in Deuteronomy 32:25. It's
"Virgin" utilizes the Hebrew noun "bethulah."
Here's a typical usage of the word. It is quite unambiguous too.
Godly Rebekah is here in view. "And the
damsel was very fair to look upon, a
had any man known her: and she went down to the well, and filled
her pitcher, and came up." Genesis 24:16, in using "bethulah,"
is capitalizing on the word's rich heritage. It is derived from
a verbal root that means "to separate!" That's "virginal," for
sure. Untouched! Set apart! Different!
While this is an unusual word picture, the
thought behind it is lovely. Israel's "sons," her children, her
offspring, her progeny, will no longer be ashamed of her. They
will no longer leave home when reaching adulthood. They will be
loyal and supportive and "proud" of their heritage! This
metaphor pictures relationships horizontally, maybe even
Next God promises something vertically! "And
as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so
shall thy God rejoice over thee." Amazing! The noun
"bridegroom" is "chathan," meaning "husband" a few times in
Scripture. Literally, one who marries into the Bride's family!
The verb "rejoiceth," in Hebrew "masos,"
means "to exult," usually with some visible display of emotions!
But get this! "Bride," spelled "kallal" in
Hebrew, means anything from a "spouse" to a "daughter-in-law."
Yet the word is based on a key Hebrew verb, "kalal," meaning "to
complete or make perfect!" Lovely! This gives "help-meet" a new
and fresh sense! "And the LORD God said,
It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make
him an help meet
for him." Genesis 2:18 has Eve in mind, of course.
And while in the same family of words, God's
"rejoicing" over Israel is much more demonstrable that the
earthly bridegroom's! "Sus" means "to greatly exult," visibly
so, maybe even audibly too!
God rejoicing over a Nation!
Zephaniah goes even further, under God's
direction. "The LORD thy God in the midst
of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over
thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee
with singing." Zephaniah 3:17
Israel has gone from being an outcast ... to
being a favorite child!
Now that's Grace!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 6, VERSES 6-7:
Here we have a beautiful "paradigm" of
prayer! It is pronounced pair-e-dime' and means a "pattern." The
Greek "para" means "alongside" and "deiknunai" means "to show or
put on display."
It's as lucid and as viable as "The Lord's
Prayer," only not as vast in scope. One can follow the outline
of these two verses and be, assuredly, praying in God's Will!
"I have set watchmen
upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their
peace day nor night: ye that make mention of the LORD, keep not
silence, and give Him no rest, till He establish, and till He
make Jerusalem a praise in the earth." Isaiah 62:6-7
The "I" is Almighty God.
To "set" is "to appoint, commit, charge,"
using the Hebrew verb "paqad" as its source.
The "watchmen" are "guards or overseers,"
devolving from the word "shamar" that ultimately means "to
preserve or protect."
Even the noun "walls" is interesting. It is
built upon a root word that means "to join" things together.
That's what the walls do! They enclose the city. "Chomah" in
To "never hold one's peace" translates "tamiyd
lo chashah," meaning in order, "constantly not being quiet!"
Perpetually at prayer, for Israel's sake! This is parallel to
Paul's great "Pray without ceasing"
command in 1st Thessalonians 5:17!
"Day or night" means, obviously, all the
Next in out Text God turns to a group of
intercessors, people who pray for others! It's from the Latin,
"inter" meaning "between" and "cedere" meaning "to go." To get
between someone and God, pleading on their behalf!
They are labeled as those who "make mention
of the Lord." The verb here is "zakar," that is, "to remember,
to call to mind," even "to record."
These godly ones are instructed,
"Keep not silence, and give Him no rest,
till He establish, and till He make Jerusalem a praise in the
Two suggestions are here advanced.
This short portion of Scripture uses a lot of
"double" terms, for emphasis no doubt.
"Keep silent" is "demiy" in Hebrew, "not to
cease!" In other words, don't stop! Don't even pause! Don't
"Give" is the standard Hebrew verb "nathan,"
found over two thousand times in Scripture! Anyone you know
named "Nathan," this very word, has a name that means "gift."
Gift from God!
"Rest" is again "demiy," this time a noun
meaning "peace or quiet!" Get this! Keep on bothering God! Don't
let Him alone!
Pray some more!
Pray for Israel!
Sounds just like Jesus' Parable of the
importunate neighbor in Luke 11:5-8. Or the unjust Judge in Luke
The verb "establish" is "kun," to make
something "firm or stable." Fixed! Certain! Both the foregoing
are additional King James translations of "kun."
Firm and stable Israel!
No longer the wandering Jew!
No longer will cries be heard for her
The verb "make" is "sum," another often used
basic Hebrew word. It means "to set, appoint" or even "ordain!"
The verb's sense of timing here is one of on-going constant
action! God will perennially guarantee Israel's future
center-place role in earth's geo-political scheme!
"Praise," a noun, is "tehillah," a word of
adoration or thanksgiving. It is used 57 times in the Old
Testament. It's from "halal," meaning "to shine, to flash forth
Yes, in her future, Israel will be a glorious
A "luminous" Entity whenever the nations of
What a prayer!
A Holy Spirit guided Prayer!
It is much like Psalm 122:6 also.
"Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they
shall prosper that love thee. "
God has not finished with Israel yet! In
fact, He has just begun!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 7, VERSE 8:
Israel had been punished. For her sins she
had suffered grossly. Sin costs! It comes with "wages!"
Leviticus 26 tells of God's "cycles" of
judgment. At least five are evident in that awesome chapter,
Let's count them. God is speaking to Israel.
"But if ye will not hearken unto me, and
will not do all these commandments ... I also will do this unto
you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the
burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of
heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies
shall eat it. And I will set my face against you, and ye shall
be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign
over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you."
Round one, Leviticus 26:16-17
Next, "And if ye will
not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you
seven times more for your sins. And I will break the pride of
your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth
as brass: and your strength shall be spent in vain: for your
land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of
the land yield their fruits." Round two, Leviticus
Each cycle becomes more severe.
"And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will
not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon
you according to your sins. I will also send wild beasts among
you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your
cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways
shall be desolate." Round three, Leviticus 26:21-22
Get ready! "And if ye
will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk
contrary unto me; then will I also walk contrary unto you, and
will punish you yet seven times for your sins. And I will bring
a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my
covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities,
I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered
into the hand of the enemy. And when I have broken the
staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one
oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by
weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied." Round
four, Leviticus 26:23-26
Then number five, "And
if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary
unto me; then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I,
even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins. And ye
shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your
daughters shall ye eat. And I will destroy your high places, and
cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases
of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. And I will make your
cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I
will not smell the savour of your sweet odours."
Really, again, one could almost count a sixth
level of chastisement. God continues, "And
I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which
dwell therein shall be astonished at it. And I will scatter you
among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your
land shall be desolate, and your cities waste." Leviticus
Yes, Leviticus 26 is the foundation for
Isaiah 62:8. The consequences of sin! "The
LORD hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his
strength, Surely I will no more give thy corn to be meat
for thine enemies; and the sons of the stranger shall not drink
thy wine, for the which thou hast laboured."
The Lord has repented!
The days of suffering and rebuke and
chastisement are past!
God "swares" it so! This verb, "shaba" in
Hebrew, literally means "to seven oneself." To say something, to
promise it seven times! That's astounding! God
cannot lie, according to Titus 1:2. God being untrue is an
absolute impossibility, so says Hebrews 6:18. Therefore, for God
to utter a truth one time is sufficient! But for Him to "swear,"
utter confidence and perfect peace must ensue!
God's "right hand" is His Hand of Power! For
example, Exodus 15:6, "Thy right hand, O
LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath
dashed in pieces the enemy." Poetically too,
"Shew thy marvellous lovingkindness, O
thou that savest by thy right hand them which put their trust
in thee from those that rise up against them."
God's "arm," which also includes His
shoulder, "zeroa," implies "stability" also. In fact, Isaiah
53:1 implies that Jesus is The Arm of the Lord!
"Who hath believed our report? and to whom
is the arm of the LORD revealed?" Then the whole chapter
expounds and glorifies our Saviour!
Israel, be sure, the day is coming when your
suffering will all be over!
Your "corn" or "food" will no longer be eaten
by the enemy! "Dagan" here means "wheat and grain." Corn and
One's "enemies," in Hebrew "oyeb," are those
who "hate" you. "Ayab" means "to be hostile."
The "stranger" or "nekar" is a "foreigner."
These fierce people had raided Israel and
plundered their vineyards. And God allowed it to be so!
The works of their hands, their "labors," had
been destroyed right in front of their eyes. "Yaga" means "to
toil until weary, exhausted."
But, better times are coming!
Revival is on the way!
Talk about an optimistic verse of Scripture!
Peter, in Acts 3:19, spoke of
"the times of refreshing
shall come from the presence of the Lord." So has Isaiah!
Here's a similar thought God gave to Israel.
At least when she was living godly. "No
weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every
tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou
shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of
the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the
LORD." Isaiah 54:17
And Church, New Testament Bride of Christ,
Born-again Believer, you too are protected and secure!
"Neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor
principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to
come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be
able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ
Jesus our Lord." Romans 8:38-39
Now the next verse in Isaiah 62, verse 9,
gives the lovely inverse truth. Not only will Israel's food and
drink not be confiscated! She will be allowed to enjoy it ...
and respond appropriately to God's great Blessings!
But that will have to wait until next Lesson!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 8, VERSE 9:
One verse ago, in Isaiah 62:8, the Lord
promised a blessing to Israel, no more famine or dearth!
"The LORD hath sworn by his right hand,
and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy
corn to be meat for thine enemies; and the sons of the
stranger shall not drink thy wine, for the which thou hast
Then, immediately, "But
they that have gathered it shall eat it, and praise the LORD;
and they that have brought it together shall drink it in the
courts of my holiness." Isaiah 62:9
To "gather," in Hebrew "asaph," means "to
collect" something. "To assemble!" Here it's what one does when
the crops are harvested. Grain and grapes are primarily in view,
although any produce would qualify.
Once one picks and gleans his fields, he and
his family "eat" and "drink" the bounty. To "eat" is "to consume
or devour," using the Hebrew verb "akal." And to "drink,"
spelled "shathah," is to sip as at a banquet. It here does not
mean to become intoxicated.
But, and here's the "key" to our verse, look
how and where this eating and drinking are done!
The food is eaten while they "praise the
Lord!" The verb is "halal," the very name of one group of the
Psalms! Psalms 113-118, inclusively! Jesus, as did all Jewish
young men, memorized them. Our Lord knew them by heart! He
quoted them dozens of times every year.
Eating in an attitude of worship, what a
pattern! What an example!
They are obeying Deuteronomy 8:10.
"When thou hast eaten and art full, then
thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he
hath given thee." Here's the "Blessing" at the end
of a meal!
Then the drinking is said to be
"in the courts of God's Holiness."
Likely Priests and Levites are specifically in view here. They
could eat and drink within the confines of the Temple itself,
the Outer Court anyway.
Here we have mealtimes converted into holy
This is called theo-centric living,
God-focused and concentrated!
Today when you eat, try to do something
spiritual. A verse of Scripture or time of prayer or testimony
of praise being included!
After all, Paul did admonish us,
"Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or
whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God." 1st
Several well-known Preachers through the
years taught while "at table!" Jesus is the Primary Example!
Some of these devotionals are published under various titles,
"Table Talk" or "Table Sermons" being among them. I knew one Man
of God who studied everything Jesus said at table! He preached a
Sermon using that material.
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
Again, Israel is both the forerunner and
inheritor of our blessings! She's the vanguard and rearward of
the spiritual life! Israel rejoicing and worshipping at
mealtimes sets the pace for the Church's observance of the
Lord's Supper. Jesus indicated that Believers will some day eat
the "Marriage Supper of the Lamb" in Glory! He will then
participate! "For I say unto you, I will
not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom
of God." Luke 22:16
Yet while the Church worships as the Bride of
Christ, Israel millennially delights in God's Blessings as well!
We owe so much to God's Chosen People!
And they owe so much to us!
But we all owe everything to our great
May His Name be praised!
LESSON 9, VERSE 10:
Now we have all heard the Scripture,
"Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make
straight in the desert a highway for our God." Isaiah
himself first preached that! Then later came John the Baptist,
"The voice of one crying in the
wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths
straight." Prepare a highway! The Lord is coming! This is
yet true today as well! Some day Jesus will return to this
But today's grace-filled verse, such good
news for Israel, says something different!
"Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the
people; cast up, cast up the highway; gather out the stones;
lift up a standard for the people." Isaiah 62:10
Here a way is being prepared for the people,
the Israelites, to come home! A national re-gathering! Like
Beginning with two imperatives;
"Go through, go through," the
Hebrew verb "abar" is utilized. "To cross over, to pass through,
Work crews are being mobilized!
Leave the City!
Begin great road-building projects!
A "gate," by definition, is a "door" or
"port." The noun is "shaar" in Hebrew and is used nearly four
hundred times in the Bible. Historically, Jerusalem had ten
gates. See Nehemiah chapter three for their names.
To "prepare" is "panah," usually meaning "to
turn or guide or direct" something. I suspect highway
engineering is in view here. In mountainous areas perfectly
straight roads are not always possible.
"Way" is represented by the noun "derek" in
Hebrew, a "road or path or trail," whatever the context demands.
Here's it's something like an Interstate Freeway!
Even "people," in Hebrew "am," means a
congregated group of folks, related and sympathetic toward each
other! Not just a crowd or a motley gathering of some kind.
"Compatriots," one source says!
Then two more imperatives;
"Cast up, cast up," with "salal" as
their driving force. It means "to exalt, to elevate, to lift
up!" They are really building a high-way! One easily
seen! Lifted up from the ground! One easily found! This easy to
locate: "And an highway shall be there,
and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the
unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for
those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein."
A "highway" or "mesillah" is a "raised public
roadway!" It also is a derivative of "salal," just discussed in
the previous paragraph.
"To gather out" uses "saqal," the Jewish
expression meaning "to stone someone to death!" Hurl away rocks
and boulders, clear the path! Make smooth the planned route!
"Stones," or "eben" is a standard Hebrew
noun. Rocks, large or small, can be indicated. Anything from
hailstones to cornerstones!
To "lift up" means "to raise, to exalt,"
usually very high. "Rum" is the verb, another command!
A "standard" or "nes" is usually a "flag or
banner or ensign," an identification marker to clarify
directions! Road signs, in other words!
God is calling His people home!
Israel will again be populated, maybe as
never before in history!
Listen to the Lord in Jeremiah 32:37.
"Behold, I will gather them out of all
countries, whither I have driven them in mine anger, and in my
fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them again unto this
place, and I will cause them to dwell safely." Wow!
Now let's have Moses tell it.
"Then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have
compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all
the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee. If
any of thine be driven out unto the outmost parts of
heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from
thence will he fetch thee: and the LORD thy God will bring thee
into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt
possess it; and he will do thee good, and multiply thee above
thy fathers." Deuteronomy 30:3-5
Ezekiel, what did the Lord tell you?
"For I will take you from among the
heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you
into your own land." Ezekiel 36:24
Even Amos! "And I will
bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall
build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall
plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also
make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. And I will plant them
upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of
their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God."
Amos 9:14-15 says this time it's permanent!
It's everywhere in the Bible!
"And I will bring again the captivity of
my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and
inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink
the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the
fruit of them. And I will plant them upon their land, and they
shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given
them, saith the LORD thy God." Zechariah 8:7-8
God's Grace ... to Israel!
Gentiles, enjoy these Scriptures!
They are earmarks of the very same Grace that
saved your lost souls!
Praise the Lord!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 10, VERSE 11:
The verse is great!
"Behold, the LORD hath proclaimed unto the
end of the world, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy
salvation cometh; behold, his reward is with him, and his
work before him." Isaiah 62:11
penultimate sentence in Isaiah 62 is climatic! Not that verse 12
is anti-climatic, just equally awesome!
great announcement, an evangel really, good news in microcosm,
is to be "proclaimed." Even to the end of the earth!
The verb for "proclaim" is "shama," found 1159 times in the Old
Testament! Normally meaning "to hear," when framed as a hiphil,
it means "to cause to hear." To tell! To utter a sound! To
publish! To noise abroad! This is preaching with pre-ordained
power behind it! It cannot fail!
Every square mile of earth's surface, that
which is inhabited at least, is to hear the sound bite!
But, while the news is to be disseminated world-wide, it is
specifically and particularly for one Nation, one little Nation!
A special Nation, the very "Apple of God's Eye," Israel!
"Say" is a rendition of "amar," meaning "to speak, to call, to
promise!" It is an imperative too, a command being here issued
to preachers and evangelists innumerable!
"daughter" of Zion is, again, Israel!
literally means "a dry parched place," but by now it is
blossoming like a rose! That's using Isaiah's own words;
"The desert shall rejoice, and blossom as
the rose." Isaiah 35:1
"Behold," is "hinneh,"
an interjection! Excitedly read it! The essence of "behold" is
precisely what appears on the surface, "Look!" See this! Don't
"Say ye to the
daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, his
reward is with him, and his work before him."
Spelled "yesha," it means "deliverance, safety, victory," and
when applied to a Person, "Saviour!"
His very Name is "Yeshuah" in
Hebrew, the Deliverer, their very Messiah!
is practically named here in Isaiah's great Text!
The verb "cometh" is "bo," usually "to go or come" even "to
enter or bring," its emphasis partially depending on the
Jesus has done both through the years! He
came to earth as a Virgin-Born little Baby, sinless and uniquely
Then, after His vicarious Death, Burial and
Resurrection, He ascended back to Heaven!
He has gone!
some day, speaking to Israel, He is coming back
It is that Second Coming
to this earth, not the Rapture here mind you, that is being
Not in the clouds, not to catch away His
Church, not as a thief in the night, that was seven years
This Coming is visible to all!
John says so in Revelation 1:7. "Behold,
he cometh with clouds; and
every eye shall see him, and they also which
pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of
him. Even so, Amen."
Look, Israel, It's
He was telling the Truth!
He is the Truth!
"I and my Father are one." John 10:30
"He that hath seen me hath seen the
Father." John 14:9
And Israel will
The noun "reward" is "sakar," literally
"wages, hire, price, fare, worth!" Truth be told, He is
The Reward! But yet again there are manifold blessings for
following Him! Crowns and joys and reunions and tokens for good,
John quotes our verse in
Revelation 22:12. There Jesus says, "And,
behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give
every man according as his work shall be."
situation is also captivating! We again have been told to
"behold" it carefully! "Hinneh" is injected a second time! Look!
Glorious Surprise! Good News of Good News! In Israel's future!
Then, in an ironic turn, our verse adds;
"And His work (is) before Him." I believe "peullah" here
not only means "work or labour," which indeed it does, but also
"reward" (one time in the King James Text) and "wages" (one more
Jesus, when He arrives on earth, will be
"rewarded" for His Labour on Calvary! Not only by now has He
been blessed with a Bride, the New Testament Church,
glorious and spotless and unwrinkled and without blemish, but
also a redeemed Israel! A Nation for whom He died too!
Isaiah 53, that great crucifixion prophecy,
promised the Lord, "When thou shalt make
his soul an offering for sin,
he shall see his seed,
he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD
shall prosper in his hand." Well, Isaiah 53:10, the
moment Israel believed, the Lord Jesus saw His seed! Not just
the Church! They have been ingathered by this time! But Israel
Israel is among the "many!" Isaiah 53:11
foresaw. "He shall see of the travail of
his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall
my righteous servant justify
many; for he
shall bear their iniquities."
part of the "spoil!" The victories of Calvary! The Bounty of His
Death! These kinds of things constitute part of the "joy that
was before Him" as He suffered on the cruel Cross!
"Therefore will I divide him a
the great, and he shall divide the
spoil with the
strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he
was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of
many, and made intercession for the transgressors."
Author and Finisher of our faith; who
for the joy that was set
before him endured the cross, despising the shame ..."
verse summarized, "here
Elsewhere the Event described:
"Then shall the LORD go forth ... and his
feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which
is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives
shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the
west ...." Zechariah 14:1-2, the Lord's Return to earth!
"And I saw heaven opened, and behold a
white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful
and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. His
eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were
many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he
himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in
blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies
which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed
in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a
sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he
shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the
winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he
hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING
OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS." Revelation 19:11-16, again!
It's Jesus, white horse and all! Coming back to earth!
He is coming to save Israel, but judge the wicked nations of the
world! "Who is this that cometh
from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is
glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his
strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments
like him that treadeth in the winefat? I have trodden the
winepress alone; and of the people there was none with
me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my
fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I
will stain all my raiment." These are Isaiah's very next
words after this glorious chapter, Isaiah 62, ends!
I must close this Lesson!
It's difficult to stop!
Jesus is coming again!
The Church is named beneficiary!
too, primarily so in Isaiah!
The whole planet for that matter will be
delivered from the curse!
Eventually, a new heaven and new earth!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 11, VERSE 12:
Here's the peak!
God's blessing just can't get any better than this!
"And they shall call them, The holy
people, The redeemed of the LORD: and thou shalt be called,
Sought out, A city not forsaken." Isaiah 62:12
The Nation of Israel will gain a new reputation. After Jesus
returns to earth! After the Jewish people believe in Him as
their Messiah! After the enemies are defeated! After their sins
are "washed" away! "In that day there
shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the
inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness."
She will be known as "holy!" This lovely little word, spelled "qodesh"
in Hebrew means "separate, apart, consecrated, dedicated,
hallowed!" Living for Jesus!
Even the noun "people," just two letters in Hebrew, "am," means
a unified congregation! Kinsmen! Compatriots! God has brought
He has "redeemed" them! "Gaal" is the Old Testament term for the
"kinsman redeemer" motif. Here's the scenario. A person is in
debt, bankrupt! He or she has lost all money, property, maybe
even his or her freedom! Locked up!
But, blessed be the Lord, an interested party has taken notice!
He can set you free, upon meeting certain conditions of Jewish
Law, Mosaic Law, Biblical Law. Here they are:
1. He must be be related to you, kin!
2. He must be wealthy enough to "pay" all your indebtedness!
3. He must be willing to do these required things, plus allow
you to freely reclaim your former possessions! Those that had
been confiscated! Those that he had just liberated!
4. This well might include your very release from prison too!
Now I've taken the time to list these points in order to say
JESUS IS OUR KINSMAN REDEEMER! HE, VIA THE VIRGIN BIRTH, IS
RELATED TO US HUMAN BEINGS! HE IS WEALTHY ENOUGH TO PRAY THE
PRICE FOR OUR LIBERTY, HIS VERY OWN PRECIOUS BLOOD BEING THE
CURRENCY! HE WAS WILLING TO DO THESE THINGS, RESTORING TO ME ALL
THAT I HAD LOST IN THE FALL OF ADAM AND EVEN, OUR FEDERAL HEADS!
IN FACT, JESUS HAS EVEN RESTORED TO US MORE THAN WE LOST! AND
LASTLY, HE SECURED MY RELEASE FROM THE PRISON-HOUSE OF SIN!
I HAVE BEEN REDEEMED!
And that's exactly what has just been said (prophetically) of
She too will some day be set free!
"The redeemed of the Lord!" That's
what they'll call her!
But, there's even more!
"And they shall call them, The holy
people, The redeemed of the LORD: and thou shalt be called,
Sought out, A city not forsaken."
"Darash" is the verb. Consulted! Needed! Valued highly!
Considered Wise! Blessed of God! No longer shamed! Not hated!
"Darash," that is, "to seek with care!"
"To study! To follow! To observe!"
No longer will she be a rejected Nation!
No longer "forsaken!"
In Hebrew, "lo azab," not abandoned! Not ignored! Not neglected!
Once, for centuries, Israel had "forsaken" God, "azab" here.
"And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold,
thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up,
and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land,
whither they go to be among them, and
will forsake me,
and break my covenant which I have made with them."
Consequently, due to the wages of sin, God will "forsake" them,
still using "azab" as the verb. "Then my
anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I
them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be
devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that
they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us,
because our God is not among us?" Deuteronomy
But, in their bright future, all will be made well! Israel will
repent! Believe on Jesus! Be cleansed through the Power of the
Blood of the Lamb! And then, "Thou shalt
be called, a city not forsaken."
The word "city," referencing Jerusalem, means a place where
people stay "awake!" That's right! "Iyr" or "city" is derived
from the verb "ur," to be aroused, to be awakened!" Vibrant! Not
stagnant! No inner-city problems! No slums! A City not forsaken!
A city, apparently, that will then be The Capital of the
Ezekiel expresses it this way: "And the
name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD
is there." Ezekiel 48:35
I'd call that "not forsaken!"
The Lord is there!
Come to think of it, every saint of God reading these lines
today can point inward to his or her own heart and also say ...
"The Lord is there!"
Glory to God!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
LESSON 12, CONCLUSION:
When I was but a lad our Pastor emphasized this verse
repeatedly! "Give none offence, neither to
the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God."
1st Corinthians 10:32 would be quoted several times a year, with
the added caveat that to "mix" these three entities of God would
be to "wrongly divide" the Word of Truth!
This is a teaching that's often associated with various forms of
Dispensationalism. Yet, truthfully, our Pastor was right!
To confuse Israel and the Church is a tragic error! Such poor
hermeneutics will often lead to some dangerous and erroneous
conclusions. Things like anti-Semitism, a- millennialism,
misreading all the Old Testament Prophets, and ultimately,
failure to properly honor our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ! It
even shatters a Biblical view of the Rapture and Second Coming
Having said that, Isaiah 62 deals with Israel!
Not the Church!
Yet, would you not agree that so many of the precious terms and
expressions in this great Chapter have been "all our lives"
applied to this day and age of Grace? To us as Believers right
Certainly, they have!
For example, "Salvation as a lamp,"
in verse 1.
The "new name" of verse 2.
Both the "crown of glory" and
"diadem" in verse 3.
"Beulah land" in verse 4!
And so forth, also including:
"Behold, thy salvation cometh," in
And a "redeemed" people in verse
We use these expressions, these "blessings," every week ... and
think of them as ours! If fact, through the Blood of Jesus they
But, and here's the point, they are ours because they were
Israel's first of all!
So many of our blessings have come to us because God saved and
called and commissioned Abraham! "Now the
LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from
thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I
will shew thee: and I will make of thee a great nation, and I
will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a
blessing: and I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him
that curseth thee: and
in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed."
Jesus, our very Saviour, came through that godly line! We saints
are among those of the earth that have been blessed because of
They also gave us the Scriptures, being authored by Israelites
all! Inspired of God, yes! But the pens were held in Jewish
hands! So says Paul! Read it for yourself:
"What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there
of circumcision? Much every way: chiefly, because that unto
them were committed the oracles of God." The oracles of
God? That's the Bible!
How very thankful we Gentiles should be for Israel!
Israel sinned! Israel fell! But through her apostasy, the
heathen of the world (you and me) were allowed to be saved!
Here's how Paul again in Romans 11 describes what I'm trying to
say. "I say then, Have they stumbled that
they should fall? God forbid: but rather
through their fall
salvation is come unto the Gentiles." Romans 11:11
Paul says that through "The casting away
of them (Israel) be the reconciling of the world (us
Gentiles)." Romans 11:15 is amazing!
Isaiah 62, strictly an inerrantly inspired commentary on Israel,
her ultimately bright future, also "hints" at the manifold grace
of God we enjoy every day as saints of the Lord.
We do not share Israel's identity or precise future or usurp her
specific place in God's great plan ... No!
But we do enjoy blessings innumerable because of her very
existence as a Nation, the Nation who bore our Saviour and gave
us our Book and so much more!
But, I quickly and eagerly say, these same blessings, the ones
that came from Israel to the Church, are going (after the
Rapture) to revert to that struggling little Nation!
Again, Paul the anointed illustrator, pictures an "olive tree"
this time. "And if some of the branches
(Israelites) be broken off, and thou (wicked Gentiles), being a
wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them
partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; boast not
against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the
root, but the root thee. Thou wilt say then,
The branches were broken
off, that I might be graffed in. Well; because of
unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be
not highminded, but fear: for if God spared not the natural
branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee."
But, guess what?
Once us "wild branches," having been so miraculously "grafted"
in, are raptured to Heaven, God plans to work with Israel again!
Read further, "And they also, if they
abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in:
for God is able to graff
them in again. For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree
which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature
into a good olive tree: how
much more shall these,
which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive
tree?" Yes, Romans 11:23-24
So, just as we have enjoyed the blessings of God through Israel
for so many generations ... some day Israel shall again enjoy
those very blessings as a redeemed and born-again people!
God is going to "save" Israel ... in her very bright future!
"Blindness in part is happened to Israel,
until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.
And so all Israel shall
be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the
Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
for this is my covenant unto them,
when I shall take away their sins." Romans
God says it better than I can.
"For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now
obtained mercy through their unbelief: Even so have these also
now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain
mercy." Romans 11:30-31
Tit for tat Glory!
Quid pro quo Mercy!
All of which flows freely from the Heart of God!
Yes, Isaiah 62 can be preached and all the constituents of 1st
Corinthians 10:32 can rejoice!
The Church of God!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
AND, THE LORD WILLING, THE PREACHING OF "ISAIAH 62"
VERSE-BY-VERSE IS EXACTLY WHAT I AM GOING TO ATTEMPT! QUITE SOON
TOO! HELP ME CLAIM GOD'S BLESSINGS IN THE PROCESS!