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 PSALM 100








Psalm 100   {A Psalm of praise.}

Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing. Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name. For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations.



LESSON 1 ... PSALM 100:1

There is a verse in Psalm 100 that's unusual.  It is structured as a command as well.

Let me show you what I mean:

"Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands."  Psalm 100:1

The words "make a joyful noise" are translated by one Hebrew term:  "rua."  It originally means "to break!"  Then it comes to means "to break the ears (with sound)!  That's a sound so loud that it actually hurts the ears!  Hence the word means "to shout" (either for alarm or for joy)!

Furthermore the word is expressed here as an imperative.  That means God has issued it as a command!  We are required to make such a noise (of praise) unto the Lord!

This little verb is molded into the "hiphil" stem in Hebrew ... which is their family of "causative" verbs!  There is a cause behind this praise!  (And the rest of Psalm 100 gives us the "causes" why such praise is commanded!)  Let me summarize:  It's all because of our wonderful God in Heaven!

The Name of God used here is Jehovah.  The God Whose Name is I AM THAT I AM! (The God Who always is!)  This command of verse 1 then is a timeless command. Jesus Christ is the Same yesterday, today and for ever!  Hebrews 13:8

"All ye lands" is primarily expressed by the noun "eretzs."  It means lands (or even earth) and its inhabitants.  (The adjective "all" is represented by the Hebrew "kol," the whole, or the totality of something!)

Here is a case where the Psalmist is asking (via divine inspiration) the whole world to praise God!

I just happen to believe it will occur one of these days!

Jesus is coming again, you know!

I have an idea!

Let's get started today.  Let's be "ahead" of the times!  Praise the Lord all day long! That's a good thing to do on a Monday!

Here's something else interesting.  The "superscript," written above the first verse of Psalm 100 just says "A Psalm of Praise."  Of all 150 Psalms in the whole Book this is the ONLY one with this precise title!  (There are many Psalms of praise in the collection ... but not even one of the others is called exactly this!)  That fact alone invites us to study this passage!

One more quick note:  Verse 1 (in Hebrew and nearly in English) is identical to a portion of Psalm 98:4!  See what I mean:  "Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise."

                                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 2 ... PSALM 100:2

The Lord has given us a great day in which to serve Him!

Now why would I begin today's "Home Page" with a comment like that?

Because today's Bible study verse says we are to:

 "Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing."  Psalm 100:2

All of Psalm 100 is set in a context of victory and praise!

The verb "serve" is another "imperative. God here commands us to serve Him with joy!  (Remember Paul admonishes us:  "And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not."  Galatians 6:9)

"Serve" in Hebrew is spelled "abad."  It means "to work" in just about any sense imaginable.  Technically it has the idea of laboring as a slave does for his or her master!  (Paul constantly called himself a "servant" of the Lord Jesus Christ!")  In the King James Bible "abad" is variously translated as:  serve (227 times), work (5 times), worship (5 times) and even dress ... as one dresses a garden or vineyard (2 times)! 

The noun "gladness" translates "simchach" and means joy or glee!  ("Samach," its stem word, means "to brighten up!")  The first time the world is used in Scripture (Genesis 31:27) it's found in a setting of hypocrisy.  (Laban to Jacob!)  The Lord doesn't want that kind of so-called joy!  He wants the real thing!

By the way, if serving Him brings us into His Presence ... and with Psalm 16:11 saying to the Lord:  "In Thy presence is fulness of joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore" ... how can we possibly serve Him without real joy?

Even the verb "come" (in Hebrew ... "bo") is set in the imperative mood!  We are literally commanded to come!  (This verb's first Bible use is in Genesis 2:19 where all the animals are brought to Adam to see what he would call or name them! Hear me today!  Some day we are going to be brought before Almighty God ... to see what He calls us too!  Be ready!)  Now wouldn't that be an interesting Bible study? The NAMES listed in the Bible that God calls His little children!

And the noun "presence" simply translates the Hebrew word for Face!  ("paniym") Think of the barriers Israel of old had to encounter when approaching God!  Now ... as open invitation is given to come right into His Presence ... before His very Face! (Wow!)  And, explain this.  The noun for "Face" here is plural!  Grammatically it says "faces!"  Why?  Perhaps it is a veiled reference to the Trinity!  Or to the idea that our Lord Jesus is represented in glory by beautiful living creatures, each with a different face! Revelation 4  (It takes all 4 to declare Him in all His glory!)

And the verb "singing" translates "rananah," which means a shout for joy!  It is only used 4 times in the whole Bible!  It is in Job 20:5 translated "triumphing."  I do not doubt that singing is occurring in Heaven right now!  That's the joyful response His Presence evokes!

We sure have come to a Psalm of Praise, haven't we?

May today be for you a "joyful" day in the Lord!

                                                                    --- Dr. Mike Bagwell



LESSON 3 ... PSALM 100:3

The Bible doctrine of creation is more important than we usually think.

I sometimes say that if we don't have a Creator ... then we don't need a Redeemer!

If creation did not occur, man just may not have "fallen" into sin!  Those evolutionists say that mankind is not sliding downward (due to sin) ... but upward (due to natural selection)!

If this is true, from what do we need to be saved?  Certainly not sin!



God did create us ... we did "fall" into sin ... and we do need a Saviour!

Here's my Scriptural proof for such a statement.  (It comes from an unusual place). 

 "Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture."  Psalm 100:3

That little verb "know" ("yada," the common Hebrew word for knowing) is in the imperative mood!  God commands us to know that He is God ... and Creator ... and Shepherd!  (In this little short verse:  He is the Sovereign!  He is the Sustainer!  And He is the Shepherd!)

I believe open minded folks can find enough "evidence" in this created earth to validate the existence of God.  There is too much "proof" of intelligent design to believe otherwise!  BUT even more than that ... the Bible declares with great authenticity that God is!  (In fact, Genesis 1:1 says:  "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."  There in Scripture's first statement you have God ... and creation ... and the sheepfold!)

Notice the two basic Names for our Heavenly Father in this verse!  He is the Lord (Jehovah) and He is God (Elohim)!  Isn't this great!  These are the very two Names by which He is know during creation week!  (God sees things and pronounces them "good!"  Jehovah sees things that are "not good," and fixes them!  Glory!)

The verb "hath made" is interesting.  It translates the basic term "asah," meaning to do or to make or to prepare or even to maintain.  The first two Bible uses of this verb are interesting!  Initially God "makes" the earth.  (Genesis 1:7 --- 1st Bible occurrence)  Then of the trees God "made" on this earth ... He expects them to be "yielding" ("asah") fruit!  (Genesis 1:11 --- second Bible occurrence)  Wow! (Now allowing "trees" to picture types of Believers ... as the Bible often does) God made us! And we are to make fruit (to His glory)!

Do you know what evolution is?  It's a man-made theory that allows the possibility of man creating himself.  It says we are ever bettering ourselves!  We are "evolving" into higher creatures!  I believe it is a satanic attempt to ignore God!  Therefore our little Psalm verse today thunders:  We did not make ourselves!

Then we're told that we are His people!  "People" translates "am."  It means people as a "congregated" unit!  It means people as a "tribe."  It is derived from a little word ("amam") meaning "to associate" then meaning "to overshadow!"  This sounds like foreshadowing to me!  Could it be a little "hint" of a coming nation called Israel and a coming body called the Church?

The noun "sheep" comes from a word ("tzson") that means "to migrate!" I guess we are not at home here ... just passing through!  We're on a long migration!  The picture of migration also demands the presence of a Shepherd or Leader to guide that migration!  (Even Canada Geese have a leader as they migrate!)

And the word "pasture" has to do with a flock in its "grazing" status.  (Its root verb:  to tend a flock, to feed a flock!)  Interestingly, it gives us the Hebrew words for both "Shepherd" and Friend!"  He (the Lord) not only leads us and guides us ... He also feeds and provides for us!

What an encouraging verse today!

BUT it all begins with belief that we have a Creator!

Bless His Good Name!

                                                                 --- Dr. Mike Bagwell



LESSON 4 ... PSALM 100:4

How should we Believers approach the Lord?

Once a man or woman has been saved, washed in the Blood of the Lord Jesus, he or she has access to the very Throne of God!

Again, how should we come?

In what heart attitude are we to appear before the Heavenly Father?

Of course if we have sinned, we approach with repentance in our hearts.  (1 John 1:9 still works!)

If we have needs, He encourages us to "ask!"  (Matthew 7:7-11)

BUT, generally speaking, here's the answer to our question.

 "Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name."   Psalm 100:4

What truth is enveloped in this one little sentence!

The very opening word "enter" (in Hebrew it is "bo" and means to come to to go) is framed in the imperative mood!  It is a command!  We are required to come into God's Presence in worship! 

The Jews of the Old Testament HAD (at least every adult male did) to come to Jerusalem and worship God at the Temple 3 times per year.  It was law!

The New Testament saints were told to not miss the assembling of themselves together.  To be there!  Here's the verse:  Hebrews 10:25 --- "Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another."  And those meetings occurred several times a week ... (if not daily) ... according to the book of Acts!

God demands that we present ourselves regularly to worship Him and His dear Name!

Then notice that we are to enter into His "gates" ... then soon thereafter into His "courts."  What's the difference?

The "gates" at the Tabernacle (or even the Temple) were at the very outside border of the precincts.  The "gate" represents the very starting place for our worship.  BUT the Lord does not expect us to stay at the gate!  He understands that we will surely enter into His "courts" too!  (That's going further in!)  Really immerse yourself in the things of God!

The Hebrew word for "gate" ("shaar") means the door!  That's were we enter, isn't it? Jesus said in John 10:1 --- "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber."  Then He added:  "I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture." (John 10:9)

Incidentally, that Hebrew word for door, "shaar," means "to split or to open!"  That's how we got in!  Something (really Someone, Jesus) was pierced and split and opened (on the Cross of Calvary) that we may have entrance into the things of God!  Praise His dear Name!

BUT the word "courts" (in Hebrew, "chatzser") means (of course) courts ... but also villages (47 times in the King James Version) or towns!  The very definition implies "fellowship" with others! 

The root of this Hebrew verb ("chatzser") means to be surrounded!  As a city is encircled by a wall or hedges of protection!  Believer, you are "surrounded" too!

So here we have both individual worship (at the gate) ... and corporate worship (in the courts)!  Both seem to be expected of us!

Now for the noun "thanksgiving," which has an unusual background!  "Todah" properly means "an extension of the hand."  Another dictionary says "to use one's hand!"  You can trace the word all the way back to the little noun "yad," which is Hebrew for the "hand" itself!  (Anybody see any connection between thanking God for His goodness and Grace ... and your very hand?  Listen to Psalm 141:2 --- "Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice."  Or notice the great revival in Nehemiah 8:6 --- "And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with their faces to the ground.")

And the noun used for "praise" is "tahillah" and means to be bright or to shine!  It then goes on to mean to make a show or to boast about Someone!  (It's bragging on Jesus and the Father in Heaven!)  And that kind of true joy WILL make one shine a bit!

One old commentator said the difference between thanksgiving and praise is this: Thanksgiving is offered for THINGS God has done or provided or sent into our lives. And Praise is offered for God's very Being ... Who He is and What He is ... His very Essence, His attributes!  I like that distinction!  (Thanks for what he DOES!  Praise for Who He IS!) Glory!

But then the "imperatives" (commands") continue to flow! 

"Be thankful" unto Him!

The verb translates "yadah" (that "hand" word again) as a Hiphil" stem imperative! What does that mean?  It is a "causative" stem.  There is a cause behind our thankfulness!  There's a reason for our worship!  (In fact, many reasons!)

Because He has saved us!   Because He has given us the Holy Spirit!  Because He has given us assurance and victory! Because He has provided for all our need (spiritually and often physically).  Because He is God!  Because of Heaven!  And the list goes on!

To bless (another command) is "barak" in Hebrew" and means "to kneel" as in adoration!  (If you are not able to kneel physically doe to some physical problem ... kneel in your heart and give Him glory!)  The first use of the word in the Bible (Genesis 1:22) is an occasion when God blessed man!  (We bless Him because He first blessed us!)

The verb here is in the "Piel" stem.  That's the intensive action category of Hebrew verbs!  Bless the Lord vigorously!  With all your heart!  Do so diligently!  He is worthy!

We have surely somehow come into a real praise and worship meeting here in this 100th Psalm!  I believe it's really going to happen ... right here on earth ... some day (in the future millennial age)!  And I want to be right in the middle of it, don't you?

The Lord willing, until tomorrow ...

                                                                                  ... Dr. Mike Bagwell



LESSON 5 ... PSALM 100:5

If I were to ask you to name the three traits of God that evoked the greatest Psalm of praise (Psalm 100) ... what would you say?

The answer is found in the last verse of the ONLY Psalm that is labeled "A Psalm of Praise," again Psalm 100.

 For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations.  Psalm 100:5

There they are!

Three praise producing facts about our God in heaven!

First we are informed that God is GOOD!

The noun is "tob" in Hebrew.  In the King James Bible it is translated:  good (361 times) and better (72 times) and best (8 times)!  That's (with an adjective) the positive, comparative and superlative degrees!  (This is also a point of grammar that will preach!)  This reminds me of Romans 12:2 where God's will is said to be:  good, acceptable, then perfect!

The word for "good" is also translated "fair" and "merry." 

Did you ever think of the Lord God being "merry?"  That's how our word is used in Judges 16:25 and 1 Samuel 25:36 and 2 Samuel 13:28 and 2 Chronicles 7:10 and Esther 1:10 and Proverbs 15:15 and Ecclesiastes 9:7.  In 5 of those 7 occurrences the context is that of drinking wine!  Which in Scripture is a type of joy! God is literally exhilarated with His Own Goodness!  (Exhilarated is a Latin word.  Hilarare is a verb that means "to gladden" or "to be cheerful!"  The prefix "ex" just intensified the term!  It precisely says that God allows His Gladness/Goodness to flow out of Himself towards others!)

And in 2 Chronicles 7:10 the GOODNESS  of the Lord made the people of God MERRY in heart!  (This is another case of us being like Him because He was first perfect in some attribute!  We love Him because He first loved us!  We are being made "good" because He is first GOOD!)  "And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people."

The word for "good" is also rendered precious (4 times) and wealthy (3 times) and beautiful (2 times)!  I say Amen, Amen and Amen! 

Next we are told that the Lord's mercy is everlasting! 

"Everlasting" means literally "to the vanishing point," as far as you can see in any direction!  In other words, unending!  (The extent of God's Mercy is such that it reaches to the horizon where He can see no further!  It isn't based on my poor human eyesight ... but on His perfect vision!)

And the word mercy ('chesed" or "hesed" in Hebrew) means "to bow down" on someone's level!  (That's what God did when He sent Jesus into this world to die for our sin!  John 1:14)  It furthermore is often associated with "covenant love" in the Old Testament.  (The love a husband has for a wife when he vows to stand by here in all circumstances!  Jesus IS our Bridegroom!  And He IS faithful!)  The whole thought is making me want to praise Him right now!

Three times we are specifically told that the mercy of the Lord is everlasting!  Here in our text and also in Psalm 103:17 and in Isaiah 54:8. 

But 41 times we are told "the mercy of the Lord endureth for ever!"

Glory to His Name!

Lastly the noun "truth" must be considered.  It is "emunah" and means established, or firm or trustworthy or faithful!  (The root stem of the word here is "amen!"  One could say that the Lord is the AMEN!  Of course you wouldn't be the first one to say that!  Jesus called Himself That in Revelation 3:14!)

This word for "truth" is translated (in the King James Bible) 49 total times.  They are: faithfulness (18 times) and truth (13 times) and faithfully (5 times) and faithful (3 times) and steady (1 time)!  It is even rendered "office" 5 times! The good Lord is faithful in His OFFICE!  (As Saviour!  More particularly as Prophet and Priest and King!)  Again I say Glory to God!

The word for "generations" means literally "to gyrate, to move in a circle."  It pictures the coming and going (full circle) of family after family as history unfolds!  A cycle of time!

People may come and go ... but the faithfulness of our God remains unmoved!

What a verse!

What a Psalm!

No wonder it is called THE Psalm of Praise!

I surely have enjoyed studying it!

                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




Psalm 100 is the ONLY chapter in the whole Book of Psalms that is specifically labeled "A Psalm of Praise!"

In the past five days we have covered every verse of this precious Psalm.

Today I want to use some concluding thoughts to help give you an overview of the whole text.

Stay with me now.

Psalm 100  {A Psalm of praise.}

Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing. Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name. For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations.

One old writer says that the Psalm should be analyzed as a double cycle of RENDITIONS of Praise and REASONS for Praise! See the Psalmist praising God (rendering his praise) in verses 1-2 and 4.  See his reasons for praise in verses 3 and 5!!

The writer of the Psalm is anonymous!  (No humans are here in the way of seeing straight to God Himself!  It is a Psalm of Praise to our Heavenly Father alone!)

God does not just create and forsake!  He creates then cares for His Own!  He MADE us and He SHEPHERDS us!

Another writer says that the Psalm tells us WHO should worship the Lord:  all ye lands!  Then the Psalm tells us HOW to worship the Lord:  by singing!  and by submitting (to Him as sheep do a Shepherd)!  and then by sacrificing (praise in His gates and courts)! Lastly the Psalm tells us WHY we should worship the Lord: for His goodness, mercy and truth!  (Wow!)

Then a skilled commentator says that the Psalm is an "instruction sheet for praise!" It gives us four word pictures of how we are to submit to our God in Heaven, doing so with an attitude of praise!  (I would suggest that if there's no submission ... there will be no praise!)

We are to submit as subjects to the Ruler (verses 1,2).  We are then to submit as creatures to the Creator (verse 3)! Next as sheep to the Shepherd (verse 3)!  Lastly I believe I see worshippers submitting to their God (verses 4,5)!

Several attributes (traits) of God are clearly seen in the Psalm.  (They are called manifestations of the Essence of God!  This is Who God IS in His Character!) 

He is sovereign (no one rules over or above Him)! See the whole world serving Him! (Verses 1 and 2)

God is also omnipotent!   He created the world! (Verse 3a)

He is love!  (Caring for us as a Shepherd does His sheep)!  Verse 3b

He is good!  (Verse 5a)

He is merciful!   (Verse 5b)

And He is faithful (the trait of veracity)!  Verse 5c

The "offerings" of verse 4 are associated (in Leviticus 7) with the PEACE offering. They were called the Thank-offerings!  Study the Peace Offering and you will clearly see why!  It is placed last by the Holy Spirit in the list of Leviticus' five offerings to God!  Probably indicating that after we have seen Jesus in all His varied beauty ... we will burst into spontaneous sincere praise! (The Hebrew word for "Praise" in the superscript of the Psalm is "todah" and is translated thanksgiving 18 times and thanks 3 times and thank offerings 3 times!  (It is only used 21 times on the whole Bible!)  So ... this is a Psalm of Thanksgiving and Praise!  It is further translated praise (6 times) and confession (2 times).

When this Psalm is sung in the Millennium, think of the many fresh (new) reasons the redeemed will have to praise God!  The antichrist will have been slain as well as the False Prophet.  Satan will have been chained and war abolished and crime eradicated and life elongated and sickness gone and so much more!  King Jesus is on the Throne!

And think of the barriers in Old Testament Jewish life that kept people from coming into God's very Presence!  These are all rendered void by the shed Blood of Jesus on Calvary!  Come!  Come!  Come!  Now all Believers have full access!

This Psalm begins with all and ends with all!  (All nations in verse 1 and all generations in verse 5!)

It contains four "triplets of Truth" too!  Verses 1 and 2 present the first triplet.  Then verses 3, 4 and 5 each add another triplet!  (Amazing!  These Scriptures are not only Spirit inspired they are Spirit built and arranged!)

One writer believes the Psalm has 7 imperatives wrapped within its beautiful verses! I counted ... and it does!  (Make a joyful noise!  Serve Him!  Come before Him! Know Him!  Enter His House!  Be thankful to Him!  Bless Him!)

"As long as we receive His mercy ... we should render Him praise!"

What a Psalm!

Praise the Lord!

Even on Mother's Day, it is the Lord who has blessed us in all things!  (Including our Mothers!)

We are thankful you have visited us today!  And I'm sure you came ... with a Bible in your hand!

                                                                        --- Dr. Mike Bagwell



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