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This is a unique Psalm of praise!  I know of no other single chapter of Scripture that so beautifully connects two strange partners!  What are they?  Praise ... and warfare!  (The Song and the Sword!)

Study it with us!  It will be a profitable experience!

--- Dr. Mike Bagwell

 A Preacher in his Study



"Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints.  Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King.  Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp.  For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.  Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds.  Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand;  To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people;  To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron;  To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD."




LESSON 1 ... VERSE 1: 

I am excited today about what we're beginning.  I just "sense" that our text for this week is going to be great!

It is usually called one of the "Hallelujah" Psalms.  It has only nine verses.

I'm speaking of Psalm 149.

Here's verse one of our text. 

"Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints."

In Hebrew the opening words, "Praise ye the Lord," look like this:  Halal Jah!  Praise Jehovah!  When pronounced in English those Hebrew words sound like Hallel Yah! (It becomes our very word Hallelujah!)

The verb for praise here ("halal") is a Piel imperative!  We are being commanded to praise God and to do so intensively!  (With all your heart!  Fervently!  Diligently!)  Literally "praise" here means to brag or boast on Someone!

The verb "sing" comes from a word that means to travel, to travel about, or to turn as one travels.  It gives us the picture of one who sings everywhere he or she goes! (Singing joyfully all the time!)

But notice we are not singing to each other here.  (That's allowed at times Biblically. See Colossians 3:16 for an example.)  But here the command is to sing unto the Lord Himself!  The preposition "to" means to, toward, in regards to, belonging to, or according to!  (That just about covers every direction!)

The word "new" means "fresh!"  Don't let you song grow stale!  (The word also often carries the idea of renewed or rebuilt! Sometimes even after we've made a wreck of some area of our lives ... God can rebuild it all and give us a refurbished song to sing!)

And the noun for "song" has the same root as the previous verb in our verse ("sing"). It means to have a song as you travel.  (Again, everywhere you go!)  Nine times in Scripture I find this expression "new song."  Here they are in abbreviated form: Ps. 33:3 and Ps. 40:3 and Ps. 96:1 and Ps. 98:1 and Ps. 144:9 and here in Ps. 149:1 plus Isa. 42:10.  Then in the New Testament see Rev. 5:9 and Rev. 14:3.  (Wow!) 

"Praise" ("tahillah") comes from the root word that means "to shine."  (To be clear!) Likely the only way anyone will ever praise the Lord is first to have a clear heart and clear conscience ... cleansed of any sin or sins that might "cloud" the situation!  (The word is used 57 times in Scripture and is translated "praise" every one of those times.)

The word "congregation" means "assembly."  It comes from a verb that means "to convoke!"  (To call together!)  Sounds a lot like ecclesia, a called out assembly.  That's the New Testament word for the "church."

And the word "saints" means holy ones!  It seems to come from a stem word that means "to be kind."  Imagine that!

What a beautiful attitude (really, what a lovely spirit) this Psalm presents to us! 

It's just full of "nuggets" of truth.

I've already gathered a few today and we're just getting started!

                                                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 2 ... VERSE 2:  

In Psalm 149:2 we read these words: "Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King."

We truly have a "joyful" verse today!

Why would Israel rejoice.

First of all, because of her very name!

"Israel" literally means "ruled by God!" (Princed by God!) If God Himself has taken over your life ... saved your lost soul ... you should rejoice! The word combines "sarah" (to prevail) and "el" which is Godís Name and means strength!

The first verb "rejoice" is Hebrew "samach" and means "to brighten up" or to make cheerful! The Lord God will indeed brighten up any life! The "time" sense of the verb here is that of on-going action! (Keep on rejoicing!)

"Made" is ("asah") the verb "to build, to fabricate, to accomplish or to fashion!" The strange thing about the verb is that it represents continuing action! God is here seen as still making us! I guess Heís not finished with us yet!

Then comes another verb: "let be joyful" translates the Hebrew word "giyl." That literally means "to spin around" under the influence of any strong emotion! (Again, habitual action!)

The noun "children" (Hebrew = "ben") is from the verb "banah" and means to build! This is a child as a builder of the family. God saves us for a reason! (To build His family!)

"Zion" means a dry parched place! God took a desert and made a Zion out of it! God made a barren land into an oasis! (Once was lost ... now Iím found! Was blind ... now I see!) Thatís reason to "spin around" a bit!

In this verse God is specifically mentioned as Creator ("made" us) and as King! King = "melek" = from a verb, "to reign!" I might quickly add that He is the Saviour too! Jesus says it best in Luke 10:20 --- "Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven."

Glory to God!

The Lord willing tomorrow we shall look at verse three!

I trust you found a "nugget" in todayís verse. I sure did! Of course I was looking for one! And I know you were too. Thatís why you come so often ... with a Bible in your hand!

                                                                                             --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 3 ... VERSE 3:  

Someone once called the 149th Psalm "The Psalm of the Sword." Another writer called it a lively song of triumph. It is definitely a Psalm of praise as todayís verse illustrates.

"Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp." Psalm 149:3

"Let them praise" is a Hebrew verb that's a Peil imperfect in form. Piel means that the action is intensively active! (Vigorous praise!) Imperfect addresses the "time" sense of the verb ... which here demands that the action is incomplete. The Israelites are to keep on praising God. (Habitual action!) The verb is spelled "halel" and means "to shine!" (Some recent study done indicates that it is derived from the verb "to be clear! The implication is that the clearer and purer oneís heart is ... the more he or she will praise the Lord! Hypocrites canít truly praise well in Godís eyes!)

"Name" is the noun "shem." It means renown (7 times in the King James Version) or fame (4 times). Here it refers to Oneís reputation or glory! Of course it is predominantly rendered "name" in Scripture (832 times). What a NAME God has! Another source adds that it means: honor, authority or character! It comes from a root stem that means "to be lofty!"

"Dance" is the noun "machol" and is related to the verb that means "to turn around, to spin around or to twist or whirl!" Here are a few Bible uses of our little word. Psalm 30:11 --- "Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness." And itís God speaking in Jeremiah 31:4 --- "Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry." However look what sin does in Lamentations 5:15 --- "The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning." Our word becomes prominent in the last two Psalms! See Psalm 150:4 --- "Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs." Thereís going to be some godly excitement when Jesus comes again! (The word "enthusiasm" literally means "God within you!")

The words "sing praises" translate "zamar." (Another intensive ... "Piel" verb with a "time" sense of on-going action!) It means" to make music in praise of God! (To touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument!) It may be identical (says Strongís Concordance) to the verb that means "to trim a vine." If so ... praise is good for a vineyard! (He is the Vine. We are the branches!)

Note that the praises are "unto Him!" Praise God! (This is NOT a man centered Psalm! It is very theo-centric, very God centered.)

Now a couple of instruments are named.

The "timbrel" translates "toph," which is a tambourine like device. It comes from a verb that means "to drum." In the Bible it is always translated either timbrel (9 times) or tabret (8 times). It certainly shows that the Jews of old were a musically inclined and demonstrative people. God can take an old drum like me and use it for His glory!

And the word "harp" is from the Hebrew "kinnor." (42 times in Scripture ... all rendered "harp") Its root meaning is "to twang" according to the concordance. Of course this "twang" becomes a very pleasant sound in the hands of a skilled player.

Now we as Baptists are not very used to this kind of music I agree. (And I am certainly NOT trying to promote any kind of sensual boisterous disorderly sound ... but I do accept my text as it stands!)

I believe God delights in our true praises!

Maybe the dance can imply ecstasy over our salvation! (Or Jesusí Second Coming!) Perhaps the timbrel can represent an old noise maker who used to emit the same boring sound again and again (rather monotonous like a beaten drum) ... until Jesus came along and saved his soul! Let the harp stand for an old "twanger" who got "tuned up" one day by the Grace of God and has been making sweet godly music ever since!

Glory to His Name!

Today ... "nuggets" from the orchestra!

God must have them "hidden" everywhere in Scripture!

This may be life long search! Stay with us ... with a Bible in your hand!

                                                                                             --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 4 ... VERSE 4:      

What delights the Lord? Doesnít it make sense that if we can be so positioned that we enjoy what God enjoys and detest what He detests ... our lives will be more closely aligned to Him?

Todayís "Nugget" verse will help us with our questions.

"For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation."    Psalm 149:4

It is obvious that the Name of God used here is "Jehovah." It refers to His being the eternal "I am." He never changes! This also is the Name of God that emphasizes His Holiness and the need for manís salvation! This is Godís Name that longs to enter into covenant relationship with mankind. (In the Genesis account of creation it is always God ... Elohim ... Who says that things are "good!" The first time something is said to be "not good," it is the LORD ... Jehovah God Who says so!)

Yet in spite of all these facts we are told in our verse today that this Lord "taketh pleasure" in His people! This verb ("ratzsah") means to find favor in, to be pleased with or to delight in! Here is our verb in exact form in Psalm 147:11 --- "The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy." How thrilling that God delights in us! That could only be possible through our Lord Jesus Christ and His shed Blood on the Cross! Paul reminds us that we are "accepted in the Beloved (Jesus)!" Ephesians 1:6 --- "To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved." Our verb here is really a participle ... teaching us that Godís delight in us is constant!

The noun "people" translates the little Hebrew word "am." It pictures an association of people! (A group "huddled" together says one lexicon!) It is a type of Godís "called out" assembly! What an honor to belong to the "people" of God! Hereís the first use of our word in the Bible: Genesis 11:6 --- "And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do." Strongís Concordance says it means a group "overshadowed" by Someone! (Wow!)

Next God "beautifies" somebody! The verb is "paar" and means to adorn! To cause to gleam! (Itís literally what God does to a tree in maturing it! First the root ... then the sprout ... then the little trunk ... then limbs ... leaves ... fruit! Beautiful! Like a tree ... so the Christian!)  Our verb here is an intensive one (Piel stem)! God is really diligently working on beautifying His people!

The "meek" means those who are lowly. The depressed or browbeaten people of society! The humble. (This is the only people who will come to the Lord and fall at His Feet for help anyway!) Only the meek are ever saved! (Proud people donít even need the Lord! Just ask them!) In the King James Version our word is translated humble, poor and lowly as well as meek.

But whatís this word for "salvation?" In Hebrew it is spelled "yeshuah" (pronounced yesh-ooí-ah). It means deliverance to safety! It means the state of being rescued! It also in Hebrew implies victory and even blessing! (Itís semantic background: to be wide or open or free!)

We have sure found a pack of precious promises today! May God make these truths real to our hearts!

Did you get a "nugget" or two?

The Lord gave me some!

                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 5 ... VERSE 5:        

We sure do have a cheerful verse to study today!

Listen to it.

Psalm 149:5 says:  "Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds."

I am astounded at some of these words!  This little noun "saints" comes from a background word that means "to be kind!"  (Unlike the New Testament word for "saints" which means "to be holy!")  Those who know God and walk with God will be kind and gentle (as much as possible).  This sounds like Paul's definition of God's love in 1 Corinthians 13.  "Charity suffereth long and is KIND ...!"  1 Corinthians 13:4

The verb "be joyful" is a Hebrew term "alaz."  It literally means "to jump for joy!"  (to exult, to triumph!)  But it does not have to be a physical thing.  One's very heart can jump for joy apparently!  See Psalm 28:7 --- "The LORD is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him."  Yet it can be physical as in Psalm 68:4 --- "Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him."  The "action" of our verb here is "incomplete."  That means this rejoicing has not stopped yet!

The word for glory here can mean "honour or dignity!"  This is not some kind of self-debasing lewd sensual type of rejoicing.  It is decently done and stays "in order!"  It also may refer to the Glory of God!  Why do we rejoice?  Because of Who God is!  And because of what God does!

To "sing aloud" is "ranan," a verb meaning to shout!  It also means to emit a creaking noise.  (They must have heard about the singing of folks like me!)  Whatever it sounds like ... it is to go on continually!

And the word "beds" translates a term that means couch, bed or even bedchamber.  Its first use in Scripture speaks of an old sinful act (Genesis 49:4).  But our verse here uses it obviously in a godly manner!  (The Holy Spirit reclaims a lot of these words and sanctifies them!)

This short little verse sure does present a joyful picture of the child of God!  Another text that reminds me of singing upon one's bed is  Psalm 63:5-6.  "My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips: When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches."

May God grant us this kind of spirit today!

What a bright and cheerful "nugget" I've found this morning!

                                                                               --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 6 ... VERSE 6:               

Todayís verse is from Psalm 149. It is within itself somewhat of a riddle. I say that because it links two strange things. Let me show you what I mean:

"Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand." Psalm 149:6

See! The verse mentions two things: praises for God and swords for battle! How can the two be explained together?

In the Hebrew Masoretic Text (from which the King James Bible is translated) there are no verbs in this verse at all. It is not even a sentence as it stands! Look at the King James text printed above in larger type. Notice all the words that are italicized. The translators tell us (again, King James) that they have added these words for clarity. Iím so glad they did. It helps us.

This all means that the verb in Hebrew is "understood." It is "implied" to be present! The Psalmist got so excited that he skipped words in his great joy!

I do see something right away however. Two body parts are mentioned! The "mouth" and the "hand."

The noun for "mouth" is a bit unusual too. It is derived from a verb that means "to bring up the cud!" (Like a ruminating animal does!) Thatís a perfect picture of Bible "meditation" as you know! (Chewing the "cud!") The word comes to mean oneís throat.

By the way, where does the Christian get his material for praising God? Why, from the Scriptures on which he has been meditating!

By the word order here (and the ancient teachers say that thereís a great deal of importance in Hebrew word order) it appears that whatís in the mouth must be right before whatís in the hand will be effective! You canít use the sword rightly if you havenít used your mouth rightly!

"High praises" translates the Hebrew "romemah" which means that which is uplifting or arising! Strongís Bible Dictionary says it means exaltation or praise! You can see that the noun is plural! I can only find this one time the word occurs in the whole Bible! That makes it even more special! (And harder to define!)

The Name for God here is just "El!" (Not Elohim as usual!) It is used 213 times for God in Scripture. It means strong one or mighty one! (One of rank or dignity!)

The adjective "twoedged" is "piyphiyah." Itís only used twice in the Bible ... once here and then in Isaiah 41:15 where it is rendered "teeth." It means edge, side or mouth! Here is a many "mouthed" sword! (66 Books in the Bible, the Sword of the Spirit! Written by over 40 men over a period of 1600 years! You can call that a book of many mouths but all directed by One Lord!)

The noun "sword" comes from a line of words that mean "drought" (dry, no water) then "parched" then "to destroy or kill" (hence making "dry" forever)!

Obviously the idea is defeating the enemy!

And even the little word "hand" is not without significance. It is in Hebrew "yad" and that syllable alone gives us the Hebrew word for Judah ("yadah") which means praise! So hereís another link between fighting and praising!

Iím not sure I can properly piece this together for you. I just know that the more we praise him ... the more victorious weíre going to be in battle for Him!

Does anyone happen to remember how little David praised God just before killing Goliath in 1 Samuel 17?

Or how much Jehoshaphatís army praised God before defeating the enemy army in 2 Chronicles 20?

Or how many times Paul just happened to be praising God when the Lord sent some great victory? (Singing in jail in Acts 16 comes to mind!)

Notice even how the Book of Revelation is arranged. Before we get to the fighting where God defeats antichrist and his army ... we have much praising of the Lord Jesus Christ!

Thereís a principle here.

Praise first ... fight next!

It always enhances oneís access to power, here Godís Power!

Lord willing, more about this tomorrow.

I donít know the world record for the size of a "nugget" ... but I think weíve very close here today!

                                                                                           --- Dr. Mike Bagwell





All of a sudden in Psalm 149 we have a "troubling" verse!

We have gone from praising God to desiring vengeance upon His enemies!

"To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people"   Psalm 149:7

I believe I can quote from Charles Spurgeon here.

"This was once literally the duty of Israel: when they came into Canaan they fulfilled the righteous sentence of the Lord upon guilty nations. At this hour, under the gentler dispensation of grace, we wrestle not with flesh and blood; yet is our warfare none the less stern, and our victory none the less sure. All evil shall eventually be overthrown: the Lord shall display his justice against evildoers, and in that warfare his servants shall play their parts. The saints shall judge the world. Both the conflict and the victory at the end of it shall cause glory to God, and honour to his holy ones."

To "execute" translates the verb "asah" and just means to do or to make (to build or fabricate also).  It's a Qal infinitive meaning that God is the One doing the action and that it is a continuous thing.

"Vengeance" is a Hebrew noun that comes from a root verb which means "to avenge, to punish or even to grudge!"  (I am NOT implying that the Lord here does anything wrong.  He is sinlessly perfect in all His doings!) 

Now I am not about to tell you to practice this literally or physically.  That would violate all Jesus taught us in the New Testament.  BUT I am (like many preachers before me) going to remind you that we have many spiritual enemies (like the devil and like the sins that stalk us week by week)!  We CAN by means of the Power of God exercise revenge upon those sins!  Kill that old sin of worry that pesters you!  Destroy that demon of lust that hounds you!  Ask God to help you conquer that old wagging tongue in your mouth!

The word "heathen" is usually used of the Gentile nations and speaks of those who are lost and away from God ... usually vile and filthy in their lives!  Christian, stay away from sin!

The word for "punishments" is "tokechah" and means reproof, rebuke, argument or even chastisement!  (It is only used 28 times in the whole Bible!)  In 2 Kings 19:3 our word is translated "rebuke."  Believer friend, REBUKE the devil.  Rebuke those sins that so easily beset you!  (All in the name of Jesus and through the power of His Blood!)

And the word "people" here is again a bit different.  "Leom" means a community of people or a nation of people.  Once it is translated "folks!"  (Jeremiah 51:58 ... the "folk" in the fire!)  Jeremiah used this phrase when preaching about the destruction of Babylon!  It sounds like a bunch of "good old boys" to me!  But that crowd sure can get you in trouble!

Perhaps our verse today is teaching us that the more we PRAISE the Lord ... the more we shall DEFEAT the enemy!  Let me remind you of the preceding verse too:  Psalm 149:6 --- "Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand."  Therefore ...  "To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people."  Psalm 149:7

This I will guarantee you:  a defeated discouraged Christian (who has lost his "praise") will be much less likely to overcome the enemies of sin that tempt so often!

I say this:  Thank God for the victory!  (Why, that sentence alone says it all.  THANK GOD ... that's praise!  For the VICTORY ... that's warfare!)  God has put it all together and given us a great "secret" of battle!

That's today's "nugget" from Scripture!

                                                            --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




LESSON 8 ... VERSE 8: 

Psalm 149 definitely turns from a Psalm of Praise into a Psalm of War!

Look at today's verse:

"To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron."     Psalm 149:8

This great Psalm is teaching us something of the power of praise!  God willed it that His Old Testament people should defeat their enemies in literal physical battle.  And they did!  Read the lives of Moses and Joshua and David and you will see what I mean!  How did they do such?  (By God's power and presence of course ... but with a "song" and a "sword!"  Those two words summarize Psalm 149 very well!)

What they did literally we can do figuratively, spiritually!  The "kings" of sin and the "nobles" of wickedness can be defeated by us Believers today as we use God's "song" and "sword" in our own lives!

The noun "kings" comes from a little Hebrew verb that means "to reign."  Is there something "reigning" in your life that should not be?  Let God help you kill that besetting sin! (Be it anger or lust or jealousy or whatever!)

The verb to "bind" translates "asar" and means to tie down or to put in prison!  It's the same verb used when Samson was bound by ropes in Judges 15:10. 

And the noun for "chains" originally meant "what leaps forth" from the fire!  It's a picture probably of the blacksmith forging the metal to make those chains!  (Just think of binding something in flames of fire!  That's what hell is!)

The word for "nobles" is the root word for "honour or glory" in the Old Testament.  It means that which is so important that it's HEAVY to your thinking ... or heavy in your estimation!  These nobles are important people it seems!  BUT they fall down before the praises and swords of God's victorious people too!

What "sin" is so heavy in your life that you can't handle it?  God can help you conquer that thing.  (Sin is a hard slave master!)

The word "fetters" is from a verb that means to twine or braid together.  It's another way of picturing one being bound by restraint.

Verses like this one caused Paul to burst forth with praise, "I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me."  Philippians 4:13

"Lord, put the spirit of praise in my heart today and teach me to use the Word of God like a sword to conquer the enemies of faith!  In Jesus' Name I pray, Amen."

We got a sin fighting "nugget" today I believe!

                                                       --- Dr. Mike Bagwell





Today we have arrived at the end of Psalm 149!  It's a Psalm of praise ... but with a strange emphasis!

It's a "song" that talks about a "sword!"

Today's verse is one of several in the Psalm that fuses these two thoughts together.

Let me show you what I mean.

"To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD."  Psalm 149:9

The verb "execute" is "asah" in Hebrew and means "to do, to make, or to fashion."  It's a Qal infinitive which implies active voice and continual (incompleted) action.  It looks like God here has us helping Him in His work!  (The Apostle Paul believed this concept.  1 Corinthians 3:9 --- "For we are labourers together with God."  Again Paul said nearly that to the new Believers in 2 Corinthians 1:11 --- "Ye also helping together by prayer for us!"  And  the Lord Himself invites us to do the same in Isaiah 45:11 --- "Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me."  Again in Ezekiel 36:36-37 God thunders:  "Then the heathen that are left round about you shall know that I the LORD build the ruined places, and plant that that was desolate: I the LORD have spoken it, and I will do it.  Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will yet for this be enquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them."  God literally asks for our help!  He doesn't NEED it ... but asks for it!  Maybe He loves the fellowship!)

The noun "judgment" is literally the word that indicates a sentence given by a court of law.  God has held court, reached a decision and announced it clearly.  We're just asking Him to go ahead and do the right thing He has declared!  He has declared that He's coming back to this earth again!  He has declared that He's going to judge the wicked some day!  He's declared there will be a great White Throne!  He's declared the books will be opened and the wicked will be cast into the Lake of Fire!  To ask God to do what He has promised is not unwise!  It's just following Bible precedent!

Where will one find a record of God's "judgment?"  Our verse plainly tells us that it's "written."  In the Bible!  The verb written translates a Hebrew term ("kathab") that means to inscribe or to engrave!  As a passive participle the verb suggests that the words were still being recorded!  (The Bible had not yet been completed at the time David wrote these words!)  Now today, 3000 years later, God's "Judgments" are finalized in print form!  Listen to these verses about God's Judgments:  Psalm 119:52 says, "I remembered thy judgments of old, O LORD; and have comforted myself." Psalm 119:62 adds, "At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee because of thy righteous judgments." Psalm 119:108 --- "Accept, I beseech thee, the freewill offerings of my mouth, O LORD, and teach me thy judgments."  Psalm 119:120 --- "My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments."   Psalm 119:137 declares,  "Righteous art thou, O LORD, and upright are thy judgments." And in Psalm 119:175 David prays, "Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy judgments help me."

And to do these things is an "honour" for the saints of God!  This noun is "hadar" in Hebrew.  It means splendor, majesty, magnificence or even ornament!  It's background is believed to come from a stem that means "to swell up!"  I guess if God so honors you ... you can (as you praise Him) ENJOY THE BLESSING!  In Leviticus 23:40 (first mention of the word) it is translated "goodly" trees!

And the noun "saints" means God's "kind" ones!  (It is from the root word for "mercy!")  Here are kinds ones helping God execute His judgment!

Many of the older preachers believe that this Psalm will have its fullest and most complete fulfillment in the Millennium where the saints will judge the world!

Notice that the Psalm ends just like it began.  "Praise ye the Lord!"  Let me transliterate the Hebrew letters of the last sentence:  hall - u - jah!   ("Halal" is an intensive imperative verb that means "to be clear, to shine ... then to praise!  "Jah" is God's very Name ... a shortened form of Jehovah.)  That would be pronounced like this:  Hall - u - yah!  This sure sounds like a word I've heard before!  How about you?


In precise Hebrew it means:  Praise the Lord!  Praise Jehovah!

Again, remember, praise is much more compatible to victory than is worry or fear or carelessness!

I thank God today for a good "handful" of Nuggets!

                                                                   --- Dr. Mike Bagwell




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