PSALM 93 ... LESSON 1:
begin a short little journey through another Psalm. This
time we shall study Psalm 93.
reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with
strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world
also is stablished, that it cannot be moved. 2 Thy
throne is established of old: thou art from
everlasting. 3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the
floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their
waves. 4 The LORD on high is mightier than the
noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the
sea. 5 Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness
becometh thine house, O LORD, for ever."
Let's look at
the opening words of verse 1.
The theme of
the whole Psalm is stated in its first three words!
The Name of
God used is Jehovah. Based upon its verbal "root," the
Name means the God Who IS! (He is the eternally existent
One!) This is exactly the idea behind God's Name: "I
am That I am." (Exodus 3:14 --- "And
God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt
thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto
The verb "reigneth"
means "to be King" or "to rule." Five times in the Psalms we are
told that God reigns!
text here they are:
Psalm 47:8 --- "God reigneth over
the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness."
Psalm 93:1 ---
"The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with
majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he
hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it
cannot be moved."
96:10 --- "Say among the heathen that
the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established that
it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously."
97:1 --- "The LORD reigneth; let the earth
rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof."
Psalm 99:1 ---
"The LORD reigneth; let the people
tremble: he sitteth between the cherubims; let the earth
Notice the CHARACTER of His reign!
Here we see
the clothing of
His reign! (Psalm 93)
Then we see
of His reign! (Psalm 96)
of His reign! (Psalm 97)
with the cherubim
of His reign! (Psalm 99)
The Psalm has no title (no superscript) or
stated author! It is anonymous. (The Holy Spirit
Spurgeon says, "Whatever may happen, His
Throne is unmoved!"
I can hear His people singing this during the
These three words of our text ("The
Lord reigneth!") are appropriate to say anywhere anytime!
Paraphrased: God is in control! God is on the
It seems that these words have a very
interesting Bible history. (The Holy Spirit is a
Every time I can fine the verb "reigneth" in
English in the King James Bible it either refers to God's reign
... or the reign of some false king or leader! For
2 Samuel 15:10 --- "But
Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying,
As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say,
in Hebron." But Absalom was a false and ungodly
1 Kings 1:18 --- "And now,
reigneth; and now, my lord the king, thou knowest it
not." But Adonijah was also a false King!
Proverbs 30:22 --- "For
a servant when he
reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat."
Proverbs says this is a bad thing! A servant is not
supposed to be a king!
This rule even holds true in the New Testament, where the
verb "reigneth" occurs only twice.
Revelation 17:18 --- "And
the woman which
thou sawest is that great city,
over the kings of the earth." This is the filthy
woman of Revelation 17 and she reigns through the wicked system
called Babylon! She is wrongly ruling.
And Revelation 19:6 --- "And I heard as
it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many
waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying,
Alleluia: for the Lord
God omnipotent reigneth." Now this sounds
Thank God ...
"the Lord reigneth!"
These words are usually used when a new King takes over the
Notice. 2 Kings 9:13 --- "Then
they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it
under him on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets,
saying, Jehu is king." When translated: Jehu
reigneth! The new King was on the throne!
One day a New Ruler will take over this whole earth!
His Name is Jesus. When He assumes the Throne of David ...
the whole earth will proclaim loudly and joyfully:
THE LORD REIGNETH! In fact, here again are their
precise words: "Alleluia: for the Lord God
What a "nugget!"
(I believe we're going to LOVE this Psalm!)
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
PSALM 93 ... LESSON 2:
look at a verse that actually tells us how the Lord dresses!
told us what God wears. He framed it in a battle motif.
Isaiah 59:17 --- "For he (the Lord God)
put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of
salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance
for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke."
Now in today's
verse the Psalmist (whoever he is) tells us in a different way
about God's very clothing!
I guess you
might say that God dresses for the occasion. (Whether He's
going to war or whether He's going to reign!)
Look at what I mean:
"The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with
majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath
girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be
moved." Psalm 93:1
The verb "is clothed" translates Hebrew "labash" which
technically means "to wrap around." It gives a "perfect"
sense of time ... the action is complete. God does not
have to dress every day as we do. He is clothed and
remains so. The action here is completed ... not still
occurring. (God is not half dressed. He is fully
clothed! And He expects us to be also!) See
Revelation 16:15 --- "Behold, I come as a
thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his
garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame."
"Majesty" is "geuth" in Hebrew and means that which mounts up
or rises up. This reminds me of the cloud of Glory in the
wilderness during the days of Moses! In the King James
Bible this word is translated "proudly" (Psalm 17:10) and
"raging" (Psalm 89:9 used of the waves of the sea as they mount
up) and "lifting up" (of smoke in Isaiah 9:18) and "excellent
things" in Isaiah 12:5 and "majesty" in Isaiah 26:10 and "pride"
in Isaiah 28:1 and 28:3. (It is only used a total of 8
times in the whole Bible.)
Our verse further adds that God wears "strength!" This
word translates Hebrew "oz." This comes from the verb that means
"to be stout." It means also "might, power, boldness or
even loudness!" It is translated each of those four ways
in the King James Version. (It is "boldness" in
God dresses Himself! "He girdeth
Himself!" The verb is "azar" in Hebrew and means to
encompass, to equip or to "belt" oneself. (I know of a
preacher who each morning as he gets up "dresses" himself
mentally in "truth, peace, love, righteousness, etc.! Sounds
like a good idea!)
We too as Christians are to "gird" ourselves! We are to
be "endued" with the Holy Spirit! Greek "duo" and Hebrew "azar"
have the same word picture behind them! To wrap! In
Luke 24:49 Jesus told the disciples:
"And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but
tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye
be endued with
power from on high." He was speaking of the Holy
Spirit for sure! Peter added:
"Wherefore gird up
the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the
grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus
Christ." 1 Peter 1:13 Even Paul tells us to:
"Stand therefore, having your loins
girt about with
truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness."
They say that in this old world people get drawn into dress
"fads." They want to dress like some famous person or
follow some latest trend! (These are bad ideas in a
worldly sense of course.)
BUT there is One like Whom we Christians are to dress!
It is our dear Lord.
Oh! To be like Him more and more!
Let me give you a nine word description of what Jesus wore:
"But the fruit of the Spirit is
love, joy, peace,
longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance
...." Galatians 5:22-23
Paul's famous "put off" then "put on" passages teach us the
same thing. "But now ye also
put off all
these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out
of your mouth. Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have
put off the old man with his deeds; And have
put on the new
man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him
that created him." Colossians 3:8-10
Obviously it DOES MATTER what we wear!
I think I got a few "wardrobe" nuggets today!
How about you?
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
PSALM 93 ... LESSON 3:
need to finish a little part of verse 1 and continue into verse
2 of Psalm 93.
linking them this way because they all deal with the same theme.
"... The world also is
established, that it cannot be moved. Thy throne is
established of old: thou art from everlasting."
When God reigns ... stability is assured!
Now you might think these words about the
world being established are strange in this particular context.
But I believe we have a "cause and effect" sequence occurring
here. BECAUSE our Lord reigns ... the world is established
(according to His will and His Word). Listen to what Paul
says about Jesus in Colossians 1:17 ---
"And He is before all things, and
by Him all things
consist." (The verb "consist" means to stand
together or stick together!) Truly the earth functions
properly because our God rules omnipotently!
The verb "stablished" means made firm, stable
or fixed! The "action" here is incomplete! The earth
continues day by day to be established because God continues to
reign day by day as well.
"Moved" is the verb "to totter, shake or
The little noun for world is "tebel" in
Hebrew and implies the habitable parts of the earth. (Not
just the beautiful mountains and valleys and plains ... but the
people who live therein are upon God's Heart!) In Proverbs 8:31
our word "tebel" is translated (in the King James Version) as
"habitable part. "Rejoicing in the
habitable part of
his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men."
Now we are headed to a day of world-wide
planetary convulsions and even a creation of a "new earth," but
not until God says so! He is in control! (That's why
they can tell you exactly when the sun is going to "rise" in the
morning, Lord willing!)
But not only is the earth established.
So is God's throne! (Same verb for "established" here as
earlier in verse 1 ... in Hebrew = "kun"). The first use
of our verb is in Genesis 41:32 where God has "established"
future coming events!
"Throne" means the seat of authority or the
seat of power. Where the King presides! I am so thankful
that for us believers it is a Throne of Grace! (Hebrews
The clause "Thou art
from everlasting" is good. The Masoretic Text (from
which the King James Bible is translated) says: Thou ...
from everlasting! "Min olam attah"
The pronoun for "Thou" is carefully inserted
by the Holy Spirit ... indicating great emphasis and honor upon
the Name of the Lord here. (Who else could possibly even
make the claim of being everlasting?)
The "preposition" from means: "from, out of,
above!" Go all the way back to the "vanishing point" of
time ... and God steps out of that moment, having predated it!
He is eternal!
And "everlasting" translates the Hebrew noun
"olam," which means exactly "concealed, veiled from sight."
It speaks of the "vanishing point" of time ... either in the
past or in the future! One will never see a second of time
without God being right there in the middle of it! Again,
He is eternal! (So much for the ancient "dynasties" of
history! Or for that matter even of the future!)
What a "nugget" ... God is in control!
God is eternal. Without Him creation itself would fall
Praise His dear Name!
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
PSALM 93 ... LESSON 4:
Psalm 93 (with its 5 verses) teaches us that our God reigns!
two verses describe His vast reign and tell something of its
consequences. (Verse 1 even tells us how God dresses as a
3 and 4 seem to imply that there are enemies even to the Lord
oppose His very reign in majesty!
Notice that third verse please:
"The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the
floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their
waves." Psalm 93:3
In all three cases the word "floods" translates the Hebrew
noun "nahar." It means a stream or river. (In the
King James Bible it is translated river 98 times and flood 18
times and stream 2 times.) Strong's Concordance says the
root of the word means "to sparkle" ... hence, the sheen of a
running stream! In the first Bible use of this word
(Exodus 8:5) the streams produced frogs to torment Pharaoh and
I believe that these streams present two thoughts for us.
They teach us that our reigning God is in control of everything
... including the waterways! (As in Proverbs 21:1 ---
"The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD, as
the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.")
He even made the seas and rivers! (Isaiah 40:12)
They further tell us that God is able to subdue all His
enemies (pictured by these roaring torrents). If God is
King (reigning on The Throne) ... He is over all! He is
Just as the 3 words for "floods" are identical ... so are the
three words for "lift up" the very same! It's "nasa" and
means to bear up, to carry, to endure, to sustain or even to
Listen to Charles Spurgeon for a minute as he comment on this
verse: "The floods have lifted up, 0
LORD." Men have raged like angry waves of
the sea, but vain has been their tumult. Observe that the
psalmist turns to the Lord when he sees the billows foam, and
hears the breakers roar; he does not waste his breath by talking
to the waves, or to violent men; but like Hezekiah he spreads
the blasphemies of the wicked before the Lord. The floods have
lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
These repetitions are needed for the sake both of the poetry and
the music, but they also suggest the frequency and the violence
of wicked assaults upon the government of God, and the repeated
defeats which they sustain. Sometimes men are furious in
words—they lift up their voice, and at other times they rise to
acts of violence—they lift up their waves; but the Lord has
control over them in either case. The ungodly are all foam and
fury, noise and bluster, during their little hour, and then the
tide turns or the storm is hushed, and we hear no more of them;
while the kingdom of the Eternal abides in the grandeur of its
I do notice something small but interesting however.
The verbs (while identical in meaning) do carry a slightly
different "time" emphasis. The first two are Qal perfects,
meaning that the action of "lifting up" is complete (already
done). The last use is a Qal imperfect ...
suggesting that those floods are still raging! This
teaches us that there is a growing intensity in the raging of
the waves! Things on earth are becoming more violent
against God! (Isn't that exactly what the Bible
Also the very word combinations indicate growing vehemence!
First it's just floods ... then floods with voices ... then
finally floods with waves! The noun "waves" is in Hebrew "dokiy"
and means to crush, to break, to destroy! It's a pretty
violent word! ("Crushed, crumbled, bruised!)
I am so thankful today that my God reigns!
He reigns supremely!
He reigns in such a way that no thing (or no person) can
What a victorious "nugget!"
(If our God reigns ... everything is under His Control!)
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
PSALM 93 ...LESSON 5:
can we find and enjoy in the 4th verse of Psalm 93? Let's
"The LORD on high is mightier than the noise of many waters,
yea, than the mighty waves of the sea."
The Name of
God used here, LORD, translates Yahweh ... or Jehovah. The
God Who IS!
today where this verse says He is. "On High!"
The term ("marom") means "an elevated place."
It's translated "high places" 5 times in our Bibles. It is
translated "highest places" in Proverbs 9:3. Here's some
good news and it springs from the first use of our word (in this
form) in all the Bible. 2 Samuel 22:17 ---
"He (the Lord) sent
from above, he
took me; he drew me out of many waters." The Lord
is "on high" ... but from thee He can still reach way down and
meet my needs!
The adjective "mightier" comes from a stem
that means "wide, expanded, great or powerful!" In our
King James Version it is translated (only 27 times) "excellent"
4 times and "nobles" 7 times and "principal" 3 times and
"lordly" 1 time! In Psalm 136:18 it is rendered as
The word for voice means noise or sound or
even thunderings (as well as that of a voice). In Hebrew
it is spelled "qol."
"Many waters" pictures for us the raging
waves of a flooding river or a storm tossed sea. That particular
"string" of words occurs 14 times in the English Bible (King
James Version). But here again let me use 2 Samuel 22:17
--- "He (the Lord) sent from above, he
took me; he drew me out
of many waters." Here's "proof" that our God
is mightier than many waters ... He can come down and lift me
out of those raging waves! This truth is repeated word for
word in Psalm 18:16!
Here's some more good news about our Lord and
the "many waters." Song of Solomon 8:7 ---
waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown
it: if a man would give all the substance of his house
for love, it would utterly be contemned."
The adjective "mighty" is identical to the
Hebrew adjective ("addiyr") used earlier in the verse of God
("mightier") ... but there in a stronger form! Here it's
singular. There it's plural! Here it is a "positive"
adjective. There it's "comparative" (much stronger)! Waves
are mighty ... but God is all mighty!
And that little noun "waves" translates "mishbar"
which means to burst or break! (The "breakers" of the sea!)
With one little vowel point's difference this is the word for
"birth," breaking forth from the womb! God was mightier
than the waves in Jonah's day too! Jonah 2:3 ---
"For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in
the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all
thy billows and
thy waves passed over me." Here Jonah is a type of
The word for "sea" is "yam" and means
literally "to roar." In Scripture the angry sea is a
picture of lost raging mankind! Isaiah 57:20 proves so.
"But the wicked are like the
troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and
Folks, this verse today has shown us a mighty
Let us worship Him now.
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell
PSALM 93 ... LESSON 6:
a sense of sadness I share with you today the last verse of
Psalm 93. It is truly a passage of Scripture that declares
"our God reigns!"
the Psalm's last two statements. They constitute verse 5:
are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O LORD, for ever."
The noun "testimonies" translates the Hebrew
word "edah." It technically speaks of the laws of God ...
and as the Bible expands it comes to mean "the Word of God."
The root of the word comes from a noun that means "a witness."
And that noun is derived from a verb that means "to repeat or to
duplicate." (The things God says again and again!)
That would be one interesting Bible study! "The most often
repeated truths of God!"
But ... what of God's testimonies?
They are "true!" And watch how this
little word "true" is spelled in Hebrew: "aman!" It is
literally a "loan word" that has come into English! We say
it every time we go to church! "Aman!" It means
"truth!" (That's right, preacher! Aman!) In
our King James Bibles it is translated in various ways:
faithful, established, verified, steadfast, trusty, and nursed!
Watch what God promises to Israel in yet future days:
"Lift up thine eyes round about, and see:
all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons
shall come from far, and thy daughters
shall be nursed
at thy side." Isaiah 60:4 (Here is a part of
speech that means "God's Word" ... and it is nursing His
But just how true are they?
"Very" is the Hebrew adverb "meod." It
means exceedingly, abundantly (words showing magnitude or
degree)! Also: hot or vehement! It comes
from a verb that implies a poker or rake that is used to stir
hot burning embers! (What a word picture!)
The word "holiness" ("qodesh") means
apartness, separateness! Hence ... consecrated, dedicated!
One source says it means to be clean! God is a Holy God!
And where the Holy God is ... the very ground becomes holy too!
(Exodus 3:5 --- the word's first use in exact form) Even
the day on which God "rested" from His creation ... becomes a
"sanctified" day! (Genesis 2:3 --- first Bible use in any
Our verb "becometh" here translates "naah,"
meaning "to be beautiful or to be befitting!" (To be
"comely!") It is a Qal (simple active) perfect (action
completed). The fact is settled. God has declared and
determined that holiness does reside permanently in His House!
It is only used 3 times in the Bible! It in the other 2
places definitely describes body parts! Song of Solomon
1:10 --- "Thy cheeks are
comely with rows
of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold."
And Isaiah 52:7 --- "How
the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings,
that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that
publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!"
Therefore ... it stands to reason that the holiness
that becomes God's House here represents some body (or body
part) also! If one puts a New Testament slant on the
word ... it could be speaking of the Body of Christ, the Church,
who is supposed to be holy!
The word "house" ("bayith") means habitation
or dwelling or abode! Remember who is the temple of God in
this age of grace! That's exactly why Christians are
called "saints" in the Word of God! (1 Corinthians
And the Name of God to whom this truth is
addressed? JEHOVAH Himself! The Holy God! (In
the Genesis creation account, generally speaking, Elohim says
things are "good" ... while Jehovah inspects things for sin or
wrongdoing! Compare Genesis 1:4 with Genesis 2:18 and
And here even the term "for ever" is
interesting! It combines "orek" meaning long or great
length with "yom" meaning days. (Length of days!)
We ought to leave this great chapter awed by
a sense of God's greatness!
Don't ever lose the "wonder" of adoring our
--- Dr. Mike Bagwell